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What is Cardano (ADA)? The Peer-Reviewed Blockchain

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  • Cardano is a blockchain platform that’s founded on peer-reviewed research.
  • In a milestone for the platform, it launched smart contracts on testnet in May 2021, with a mainnet launch to follow later in the year.

Cryptocurrencies currently face a number of challenges, including scalability, energy consumption, and the ability to interact with regular money.

Cardano calls itself a third-generation public blockchain. Its community is working to solve these problems and to improve on its predecessors, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum.

As of May 2021, Cardano is the fifth-biggest cryptocurrency by market capitalization.

What is Cardano?

You’ve heard of first and second generation cryptocurrencies Bitcoin and Ethereum, right? Cardano calls itself the “first third generation cryptocurrency.” Like Ethereum, it aims to be a platform on which people can create smart contracts.

It was created by a team led by Charles Hoskinson, in a bid to create a “more balanced and sustainable ecosystem” for cryptocurrencies. Originally developed as a research project, Cardano has evolved into a blockchain platform in its own right. Its creators believed that smart contract blockchains such as Ethereum face challenges around scalability and interoperability, and that those challenges can best be addressed by a new platform developed from the ground up.

Did you know?

The person most responsible for the creation of Cardano is Charles Hoskinson, who was actually one of the co-founders of Ethereum.

A brief history

  • 📚 Cardano began in 2015 as a research project to explore how cryptocurrencies could be improved.
  • 👨‍🎨 Cardano was first released to the public on September 29, 2017 with the ‘Bryon’ phase, supporting only ADA transactions.
  • 📡 The next phase, Shelley, launched in July 2020. It improved the network’s decentralization, and meant that holders could stake ADA.
  • 📁 The third stage, Goguen, will add support for smart contracts and native token issuance. It’s due in August 2021.
  • 📈 The final stages are Basho, which focuses on scaling, and Voltaire, which deals with on-chain governance.

Did you know?

Cardano names its major product milestones after famous English poets. The network has finished the Byron and Shelley stage and is now in the Goguen era.

What’s so special about Cardano?

The team behind Cardano has been inspired by the world of science publishing, and has adopted its peer-reviewed approach for their cryptocurrency.

What does that mean? Well, all changes and new features introduced are developed, reviewed and agreed upon by academics before being used, including the network’s consensus algorithm, Ouroboros (of which more later). The code for the network is written in the Haskell programming language, which is used by companies including Bank of America and AT&T. And IOHK, the company behind Cardano, has published a number of academic papers describing the platform and its technology.

But that’s not all!

The Ethereum network currently uses the proof of work consensus mechanism to verify transactions, which uses a lot of electricity and can only process a limited number of transactions at once. Cardano uses proof of stake, which consumes less power; the network uses an algorithm called Ouroboros to choose who creates the next block and to validate blocks. (Ethereum is working to switch to proof of stake by as early as the end of 2021.)

Proof of stake advocates believe that a staking-based consensus mechanism makes blockchain networks more secure while significantly reducing their power consumption and carbon footprint.

“If we get [proof-of-stake] right, the network will be 250 times more decentralized than Bitcoin.”

Charles Hoskinson

Cardano developer IOHK has already made progress in identity management and traceability, announcing a number of partnerships; in 2019, IOHK teamed up with footwear manufacturer New Balance to tackle counterfeit sneakers, enabling customers to confirm the authenticity of products using the Cardano blockchain. In April 2021, the company partnered with the Ethiopian government for an identity solution to be rolled out in schools.

Ultra-fast transaction speeds and interoperability with other blockchains are in the works too.

Did you know?

Cardano’s coin is named ADA after Ada Lovelace, a 19th century mathematician recognized as the first computer programmer, and daughter of the poet Lord Byron.

What else is different?

There are three parts to Cardano:

  • 🖧 The Cardano Foundation – supports the research and development of the network.
  • 🏫 IOHK – a company that works in conjunction with several universities on research and development.
  • 🏢 Emurgo – a separate company contracted to work on the blockchain and make it appealing to businesses.

How is ADA produced?

Cardano’s ADA currency isn’t mined like Bitcoin. Instead of miners there are validators, which are chosen by the network depending on how much ADA currency they currently own.

If they’re selected to validate the transactions on the block, they place a bet on how confident they are on being able to verify all the transactions. If the blockchain verifies the validator’s block, they effectively win the bet and get a reward in ADA.

What is Ouroboros?

Ouroboros is Cardano’s defining algorithm, the first blockchain protocol to be based on peer-reviewed research, and the project’s solution to proof-of-stake.

Essentially, the consensus protocol sits behind Cardano’s capability as a decentralized proof-of-stake platform. It’s used to secure the network, validate transactions and earn newly minted ADA.

Ouroboros divides transactions into epochs, which are subdivided into time slots. A slot leader is elected for each time slot and is responsible for adding a block to the chain. A new slot leader is required to consider the last few blocks of the received chain as transient. This is known as the “settlement delay,” and is the mechanism through which the ledger is securely passed between participants.

How do you get hold of ADA?

As one of the leading top 10 cryptocurrencies, Cardano’s ADA is available to buy or trade on most leading exchanges, including Coinbase, Binance, Kraken and eToro.

What can you do with Cardano?

While you can buy and trade ADA like any other cryptocurrency, and use it to pay for transactions on the blockchain, it isn’t regarded in the same way as a currency like Bitcoin, which can be used to buy goods and services.

On the Cardano platform, users need to buy ADA to make transactions, participate in governance, become a slot leader, and earn a share of fees paid for transactions.

“[Cardano] actually does the things that we’ve always wanted to do in cryptocurrencies, which is build a financial operating system for people who don’t have one—one that actually can compete with a global financial system.”

Charles Hoskinson

In July 2020, the Shelley upgrade enabled delegated staking. For the first time, ADA owners were able to pool their coins with other users in order to earn the cryptocurrency.

The future

Mining ADA consumes a fraction of the energy it costs to produce Bitcoin—so Cardano was one of a number of proof of stake cryptocurrencies to benefit from a new emphasis on greener credentials for crypto, after Tesla CEO Elon Musk shone a spotlight on the topic in May 2021.

A crucial next step for the platform is its roll-out of smart contracts, which launched on the Alonzo testnet in May 2021, and are expected to go live on the Cardano mainnet in August 2021.

It’s an important milestone for Cardano, with smart contracts forming a key component of rival blockchains such as Ethereum and Binance Smart Chain. They’re also essential to creating decentralized applications (dapps) such as those used in the burgeoning decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem.

If Cardano can prove that its rigorous approach to cryptocurrencies can bring big business into the world of blockchain, it could find itself at the forefront of a crypto revolution in the years to come.

Source: https://decrypt.co/5703/cardano

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Mapping out Ethereum’s DeFi ecosystem

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September 22, 2021, 3:32AM EDT

• 46 min read

Quick Take

  • Despite potential regulatory concerns surrounding the Decentralized Finance (DeFi) vertical and subsequent stablecoins that power much of its ecosystem, DeFi has been the most popular deal type amongst investors for the majority of 2021
  • The DeFi vertical has received nearly $1.3 billion investment across 275 funding rounds, with Ethereum-based applications receiving a significant percentage of that capital from January to August
  • In total, Ethereum’s DeFi ecosystem has amassed at least 320 startups and protocols across 14 verticals, which The Block has mapped out below
  • This ecosystem map has been UPDATED from here

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Source: https://www.theblockresearch.com/mapping-out-ethereums-defi-ecosystem-2-118188?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss

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Commodity strategist predicts Bitcoin ETF could get the nod in US next month

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Bloomberg Intelligence Commodity Strategist Mike McGlone believes it is only a matter of time before the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) approves the country’s first Bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF).

In an interview with Stansberry Investor host Daniela Cambone on Sept. 21, McGlone asserted that Canada is extending a competitive lead over the United States after approving Bitcoin ETFs from 3iQ and Coinshares in April.

He emphasized that capital is flowing from the U.S. to Canada’s institutional crypto products, including from Cathie Wood’s Ark Invest. However, he believes that lawmakers in the United States will not want to miss out for much longer.

When asked about a timeframe on potential U.S. Bitcoin ETF approval, McGlone said it could happen “potentially by the end of October.” He maintained that it was likely to be a futures-backed product first, adding that it would open a “legitimization window for a massive amount of money inflow.”

McGlone also reiterated the latest report from Bloomberg Intelligence that stated Bitcoin prices hitting $100,000 was a possibility this year, and this would be driven by the approval of an ETF.

Crypto YouTuber Lark Davis shares McGlone’s price targets, observing that in previous bull markets in 2013 and 2017, the latter quarters saw huge price rallies.

Related: Canadian Bitcoin ETFs quickly hit $1.3B in AUM while US acceptance lags

The SEC is currently yet to approve a crypto ETF despite the number of applications it has received from prospective issuers continuing to mount.

Earlier this month, multinational financial services firm Fidelity Investments, lobbied the SEC to approve an ETP arguing that Bitcoin markets have already reached maturity under the regulator’s own standards.


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Source: https://cointelegraph.com/news/commodity-strategist-predicts-bitcoin-etf-could-get-the-nod-in-us-next-month

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TA: Ethereum Topside Bias Vulnerable If It Struggles Below $3K

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Source: https://www.newsbtc.com/analysis/eth/ethereum-struggles-below-3k/

Ethereum settled below the $3,000 support zone against the US Dollar. ETH price could resume its decline unless there is a clear break above the $3,000 resistance zone.

  • Ethereum started a fresh decline below the $3,100 and $3,000 support levels.
  • The price is now trading below $3,000 and the 100 hourly simple moving average.
  • There is a major bearish trend line forming with resistance near $3,000 on the hourly chart of ETH/USD (data feed via Kraken).
  • The pair could resume its decline unless there is a clear break above the $3,000 resistance zone.

Ethereum Price Remains At Risk

Ethereum started another decline from the $3,100 resistance zone. ETH traded below many important support zones near $3,000 and the 100 hourly simple moving average, similar to bitcoin.

The price even broke the $2,800 support level to move further into a bearish zone. A low is formed near $2,651 and the price is now correcting losses. There was a break above the $2,800 and $2,850 resistance levels.

The price recovered above the 23.6% Fib retracement level of the recent drop from the $3,105 swing high to $2,651 low. An immediate resistance on the upside is near the $2,880 level. There is also a major bearish trend line forming with resistance near $3,000 on the hourly chart of ETH/USD.

Ethereum Price

Source: ETHUSD on TradingView.com

The trend line is close to the 50% Fib retracement level of the recent drop from the $3,105 swing high to $2,651 low. A close above the $3,000 resistance could start a decent recovery. The next major resistance might be near the $3,105 level. A clear break and close above the $3,105 level could start a steady increase. The next major resistance sits near $3,135 and the 100 hourly SMA.

More Losses in ETH?

If ethereum fails to correct higher above the $2,880 and $3,000 resistance levels, it could start another decline. An initial support on the downside is near the $2,800 level.

The next major support seems to be forming near the $2,650 level. A downside break below the $2,650 support zone could lead the price towards the $2,550 zone. The next major support is near the $2,500 level, below which ether price might decline towards the $2,420 support zone.

Technical Indicators

Hourly MACDThe MACD for ETH/USD is slowly losing pace in the bullish zone.

Hourly RSIThe RSI for ETH/USD is still below the 50 level.

Major Support Level – $2,650

Major Resistance Level – $3,000

Source: https://www.newsbtc.com/analysis/eth/ethereum-struggles-below-3k/

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