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What DeFi needs to do next to keep institutional players interested

Republished by Plato

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The last few months’ frenzy of institutional money flowing into Bitcoin (BTC) has seen crypto hitting the headlines — at the least as a novelty asset, at the most as a must-have. There is undoubtedly a trend in the market toward greater awareness and acceptance of digital assets as a new investable asset class.

A June 2020 report by Fidelity Digital Assets found that 80% of institutions in the United States and Europe have at least an interest in investing in crypto, while more than a third have already invested in some form of digital asset, with Bitcoin being the most popular choice of investment.

A good starting point for institutional investors would be to differentiate between crypto (Bitcoin, in particular) and decentralized finance products. To date, most institutional interest has involved simply holding Bitcoin (or Bitcoin futures), with few players dipping into more exotic DeFi products.

There are a plethora of reasons for the recent Bitcoin rage. Some would cite the relative maturity of the market and increased liquidity, which means sizable trades can now take place without resulting in excessive market movement. Others would cite the unusual high volatility, high return and positive excess kurtosis (meaning a greater probability of extreme values compared with the stock market) of the asset class. Bitcoin’s backstory and its limited supply that makes it akin to digital gold have also been highlighted, making it more and more attractive in a world of inflated asset prices and unruly monetary and fiscal policies.

However, the main reason for the recent institutional interest in crypto is much less philosophical, much more practical and has to do with regulations and legacy infrastructure.

Financial institutions are old behemoths, managing billions of dollars’ worth of other people’s money, and are therefore required by law to fulfill an overabundance of rules regarding the type of assets they are holding, where they are holding them and how they are holding them.

On the one hand, in the past two years, the blockchain and crypto industry has made leaps forward in terms of regulatory clarity, at least in most developed markets. On the other hand, the development of the high-standard infrastructure that provides institutional actors with an operating model similar to that offered in the traditional world of securities now allows them to invest directly in digital assets by taking custody or indirectly through derivatives and funds. Each of these represents the real drivers in giving institutional investors enough confidence to finally dip their toes into crypto.

Keeping institutional interest alive: What about other DeFi products?

With U.S. 10-year Treasurys yielding a little higher than 1%, the next big thing would be for institutions to look at investing in decentralized yield products. It might seem like a no-brainer when rates are in the doldrums and DeFi protocols on U.S. dollar stablecoins are yielding between 2% and 12% per annum — not to mention more exotic protocols yielding north of 250% per annum.

However, DeFi is in its infancy, and liquidity is still too thin in comparison with more established asset classes for institutions to bother upgrading their knowledge, let alone their IT systems to deploy capital into it. Additionally, there are real, serious operational and regulatory risks when it comes to the transparency, rules and governance of these products.

There are many things that need to be developed — most of which are already underway — to ensure institutional interest in DeFi products, whether on the settlement layer, asset layer, application layer or aggregation layer.

Institutions’ primary concern is to ensure the legitimacy and compliance of their DeFi counterparts at both the protocol level and the sale execution level.

One solution is a protocol that recognizes the status of a wallet owner or of another protocol and advises the counterparty as to whether or not it fits its requirements in terms of compliance, governance, accountability and also code auditing, as the potential for malicious actors to exploit the system has been proved over and over.

This solution will need to go hand in hand with an insurance process to transfer the risk of an error, for example, in validation to a third party. We are starting to see the emergence of a few insurance protocols and mutualized insurance products, and adoption and liquidity in DeFi need to be large enough to caution the investments in time, money and expertise to fully develop viable institutional insurance products.

Another venue to be enhanced is the quality and integrity of data through trustful oracles and the need to increase the confidence in oracles to achieve compliant levels of reporting. This goes hand in hand with the need for sophisticated analytics to monitor investments and on-chain activity. And it goes without saying that more clarity on accounting and taxes is needed from certain regulators who haven’t emitted an opinion yet.

Another obvious issue concerns network fees and throughput, with requests taking from a few seconds to double-digit minutes depending on network congestion, and fees twirling between a few cents and 20 bucks. This is, however, being resolved with plans for the development of Ethereum 2.0 in the next two years and also the emergence of blockchains more adapted to faster transactions and more stable fees.

A final, somewhat funny point would be the need for improvement in user experience/user interfaces in order to turn complex protocols and code into a more user-friendly, familiar interface.

Regulation matters

People like to compare the blockchain revolution to the internet revolution. What they fail to remember is that the internet disrupted the flow of information and data, both of which were not regulated and had no existing infrastructure, and it is only in the last few years that such regulations were adopted.

The financial industry, however, is heavily regulated — even more so since 2008. In the United States, finance is three times more regulated than the healthcare industry. Finance has a legacy operational system and infrastructure that makes it extremely hard to disrupt and tedious to transform.

It’s likely that in the next 10 years, we will see a fork between instruments and protocols that are fully decentralized, fully open source and fully anonymous and instruments that will need to fit in the tight framework of the heavy regulation and archaic infrastructure of financial markets, resulting in a loss of some of the above characteristics along the way.

This will by no means slow down the fantastic rate of creativity and the relentless, fast-paced innovation in the sector, as a large number of new products in the DeFi space — products we haven’t even predicted — are anticipated. And within a quarter of a century, once DeFi will have first adapted to and then absorbed capital markets, its full potential will be unleashed, leading to a frictionless, decentralized, self-governing system.

The revolution is here, and it is here to stay. New technologies have undeniably shifted the financial industry from a sociotechnical system — controlled through social relations — to a technosocial system — controlled through autonomous technical mechanisms.

There is a fine equilibrium to be reached between tech-based, fast-paced crypto and antiquated, regulated fiat systems. Building a bridge between the two will only benefit the system as a whole.

This article does not contain investment advice or recommendations. Every investment and trading move involves risk, and readers should conduct their own research when making a decision.

The views, thoughts and opinions expressed here are the author’s alone and do not necessarily reflect or represent the views and opinions of Cointelegraph.

Amber Ghaddar is the founder of AllianceBlock, a globally compliant decentralized capital market. With a vast amount of experience across the capital markets industry over the last decade, Amber began her career at investment banking giant Goldman Sachs, before moving to JPMorgan Chase where she held a number of different roles in structured solutions, macro systematic trading strategies and fixed income trading. Amber obtained a B.Sc. in science and technology before graduating with three master’s degrees (neurosciences, microelectronics and nanotechnologies, and international risk management) and a Ph.D. She’s a graduate of McGill University and HEC Paris.

Source: https://cointelegraph.com/news/what-defi-needs-to-do-next-to-keep-institutional-players-interested

Blockchain

MicroStrategy Directors Now Receive Board Fees in Bitcoin

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MicroStrategy, a publicly-listed company spearheaded by Michael Saylor, who’s arguably one of Bitcoin’s biggest proponents, will now pay the board fees to its non-employee directors in bitcoin.

  • According to a new filing with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), MicroStrategy has modified the compensation arrangements for non-employee directors.
  • Per the document, they will “receive all fees for their service on the Company’s Board in bitcoin instead of cash.”
  • Going even further, the filing reads that “in approving bitcoin as a form of compensation for Board service, the Board cited its commitment to bitcoin given its ability to serve as a store of value, supported by a robust and public open-source architecture, untethered to sovereign monetary policy.”
  • As to the technicalities of the payments, the amount of the compensation payable to each non-employee director will remain unchanged and nominally denominated in USD. However, at the time of payment, the fees will be converted from USD into bitcoin using a payment processor and deposited to the wallets of the applicable non-employee directors.
  • With this move, the company cements its already bullish stance on Bitcoin and highlights its strong belief in the primary cryptocurrency and the technology that underpins it.
  • The company is also getting closer to owning almost 100,000 bitcoins.
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Source: https://cryptopotato.com/microstrategy-directors-now-receive-board-fees-in-bitcoin/

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Blockchain

ConsenSys-Backed Virtue Poker Closes $5 Million Strategic Investment Round

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Virtue Poker, a project backed by the blockchain mogul ConsenSys, has completed a strategic investment round of $5 million.

Strategic Investment Ahead of Mainnet Launch

The news comes ahead of the mainnet launch, which is scheduled to happen in May 2021.

Virtue Poker is the only blockchain-based company that’s received an official license from the Malta Gaming Authority, Virtue Poker has closed a $5 million strategic investment round led by notable investors ConsenSys, DFG Group, Pantera Capital, and Jez San from FunFair.

In a press release shared with CryptoPotato, the project’s CEO, Ryan Gittleson, said:

“After years of consultation, in-person meetings, and effort, Virtue Poker can proudly say we are the only licensed blockchain-based poker application in the market.”

The project tackles some of the pressing issues that are currently riddling major poker platforms by leveraging the capabilities of distributed ledger technology.


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“Blockchain technology provides modern and secure payment infrastructure that provides global accessibility to consumers, unlike our competitors.

By working with regulators to become a licensed online gambling company, Virtue Poker now has the legitimacy to crossover and compete for customers from legacy providers to bring blockchain-based wagering mainstream.”

The Virtue Poker team, as well as the Malta Gaming Authority (MGA), worked together for more than two years in establishing a regulatory framework that’s suitable for blockchain-based gambling applications. The company is now allowed to operate legally and compete in most global markets to deliver the promise of fair pair playing, as well as transparency to mainstream adoption.

What’s Next?

Next in the pipeline for Virtue Poker is the release of the mainnet, which is scheduled for May 2021. Phil Ivey, the legendary player and member of the Poker Hall of Fame, who’s also a stakeholder in Virtue Poker, said:

“I’ve been working with the Virtue Poker Team for over 3 years,” says Ivey. “Their innovative blockchain platform can be a major part of poker’s future.”

The project is among the first ones to be incubated by ConsenSys – it was founded not much after the debut of Ethereum.

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Source: https://cryptopotato.com/consensys-backed-virtue-poker-closes-5-million-strategic-investment-round/

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Blockchain

Litecoin, Dogecoin, Chiliz Price Analysis: 12 April

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Funding rates for many major altcoins were quite high, prompting that a shakeout to reset funding could occur sometime soon. On the spot trading side, Litecoin and Dogecoin saw heavy demand in the past few days as they flipped crucial levels of resistance to support. Chiliz continued to slide down the charts.

Litecoin [LTC]

Litecoin, Dogecoin, Chiliz Price Analysis: 12 April

Source: LTC/USD on TradingView

On the hourly chart, LTC formed a rising wedge pattern (white) and dipped from $228 to $217 before resuming its move upwards. The $220 area of demand lived up to its name, and the $230 and $244 levels have been flipped to support.

LTC was trading at $256 at the time of writing. The $270 and $287 are levels of overhead resistance.

While the Awesome Oscillator was forced to retreat to the zero lines, on longer timeframes, momentum was strongly bullish.

Dogecoin [DOGE]

Litecoin, Dogecoin, Chiliz Price Analysis: 12 April

Source: DOGE/USDT on TradingView

Dogecoin flipped the $0.062 level from resistance to support a few days ago and has seen strong buying volume since. The RSI reached into overbought territory and pulled back to 66 as DOGE also saw a pullback from $0.075 to test the $0.0716 retracement level.

A deeper retracement to $0.066 is also possible. After this correction, DOGE would likely begin another move toward $0.08, and some extension levels are plotted in gray.

Dropping beneath the 50% retracement level at $0.062 will see DOGE descend toward $0.05 once more.

Chiliz [CHZ]

Litecoin, Dogecoin, Chiliz Price Analysis: 12 April

Source: CHZ/USDT on TradingView

Chiliz was in a steady downtrend since reaching highs at $0.94. CHZ has support at $0.47 and $0.42, and a further drop could see demand step in at $0.37. However, there was no sign that CHZ was ready to begin recovery toward $0.9 again.

The A/D line showed strong, steady selling pressure on CHZ which has forced the coin to trend lower down the charts in recent weeks. It appeared to be only a matter of time before CHZ broke beneath the $0.4 mark.


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Source: https://ambcrypto.com/litecoin-dogecoin-chiliz-price-analysis-12-april

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