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USPTO Announces Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Claim Construction Standard used in PTAB Proceedings

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The USPTO announced today proposed rulemaking for changing its policy related to claim interpretation in Patent Trial and Appeal Board (“PTAB”) proceedings (not including patent examination). Currently, the broadest reasonable interpretation (“BRI”) standard is applied when analyzing claims. The proposed new rules would result in “the same as the standard applied in federal district courts and International Trade Commission (“ITC”) proceedings;” i.e., “ordinary and customary meaning” according to “a person of ordinary skill in the art in question at the time of the invention,”[1] and “reasonable certainty” for definiteness analysis[2]. In addition, it is proposed that the USPTO/PTAB “will consider any prior claim construction determination concerning a term of the involved claim in a civil action, or an ITC proceeding, that is timely made of record in an IPR, PGR, or CBM proceeding.”

The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking is scheduled to publish tomorrow, May 9, 2018. The comment period is scheduled to end 60 days from publication—July 8, 2018. The unpublished Proposed Rule can be found here.

It appears that the USPTO and the PTAB are reacting to recent Supreme Court decisions, e.g., Oil States and SAS (See our summary of these cases here). Or perhaps, this is the next step in USPTO Director Andrei Iancu’s pledge to “provide reliable, predictable and high quality IP rights.” In any case, it is clear that there are still many changes coming to post grant proceedings before the USPTO.

BioLoquitur will continue to monitor these developments and will keep you informed of changes.


[1] Phillips v. AWH Corp., 415 F.3d 1303, 1313 (Fed. Cir. 2005).

[2] See, Nautilus, Inc. v. Biosig Instruments, Inc., 134 S. Ct. 2120, 2124 (2014).

Source: https://www.bioloquitur.com/uspto-announces-notice-proposed-rulemaking-claim-construction-standard-used-ptab-proceedings/

Blockchain

XRP Lawsuit: On Ex-SEC Chair Jay Clayton’s Sudden U-Turn After Suing Ripple

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Ex-SEC Chairman Jay Clayton Says Bitcoin's Non-Security Status Still Awaits Regulation

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Ripple’s Boss, Brad Garlinghouse, on Monday, left a few remarks via his Twitter handle on a Wall Street Journal’s post co-written by former US-SEC, chairperson, Jay Clayton.

The post which was co-written by Brent MacIntosh, the former Undersecretary of the US Treasuries for International Affairs, sought to preach the all-to-familiar stance of most crypto companies: ‘Crypto needs regulation, but it doesn’t need new rules.’

Garlinghouse spelled out surprise over Clayton’s turncoat comments that the US government has no concrete and adequate regulatory framework for the crypto industry. He further added:

Cryptos, like nearly any new innovative technology, can be used for good or bad purposes. The problem is that US companies seeking to be compliant and use this tech for good are left in limbo (or for Ripple, worse!) because of a lack of a clear, predictable framework.”

Jay Clayton, in his last days at the SEC, pulled a shocking stunt on the crypto community, suing Ripple for what it believes is the undocumented sales of large-scale XRP digital assets to unidentified customers.

The bane of the case which was first announced in December last year is in determining if XRP – the digital currency of Ripple – is an investment contract or just another type of asset existing in digital forms. Assets bought and sold do not lie under the jurisdiction of the SEC, but investment contracts (also known as securities) are well within their powers to investigate, using the Howley test as a yardstick.

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When compared to Bitcoin and ETH…

ripple xrp premined
Via CoinMarketCap/XRP

XRP, unlike fully decentralized Bitcoin, takes the shape of a centralized digital currency. This is because Bitcoin is still being mined by different people across the world, but Ripple pre-mined billions of XRP coins.

How The Case is turning out

The latest in the seven-month-old lawsuit is a winning streak for Ripple. Judge Sarah Netburn denied the SEC’s plea to examine all records of Ripple’s conversation with lawyers and expert advisers to determine if it knew what class of asset XRP is, and what violations of the SEC’s laws it may have knowingly violated. This signified a sigh of relief for the company which has called the lawsuit a hindrance to its growth and plans to go public.

Clayton further expressed that the foundational frameworks of the US laws suffice to build upon for crypto regulations, but the government has to be careful not to commit under-regulation or over-regulation.

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://zycrypto.com/xrp-lawsuit-on-ex-sec-chair-jay-claytons-sudden-u-turn-after-suing-ripple/

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Bitcoin Price Prediction: BTC/USD Price Plummets Below $36,000

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Bitcoin Price Prediction – June 12

The Bitcoin price is spreading the bearish move to areas just below $35,000 after numerous attempts to hold gains above $37,500.

BTC/USD Long-term Trend: Bearish (Daily Chart)

Key levels:

Resistance Levels: $42,000, $44,000, $46,000

Support Levels: $30,000, $28,000, $26,000

Bitcoin Price Prediction
BTCUSD – Daily Chart

BTC/USD falls below $37,448 as the largest cryptocurrency embarked on a support smashing exercise after failing to hold above $37,000 following a significant breakout in the last few days. Therefore, the bearish control is seen across the market with other major digital assets posting similar losses as they trade below the 9-day and 21-day moving averages.

Bitcoin Price Prediction: Can BTC Price Go Lower?

The Bitcoin price is trading at $38,825 with an intraday loss of 4.05%. The prevailing trend is bearish with expanding volatility. However, the first digital asset is currently consolidating in a bearish flag pattern. Meanwhile, a breakout in this pattern in the direction of the previous trend is expected to continue. In this case, BTC/USD is expected to drop and stay below 9-day and 21-day moving averages and could move towards the critical support levels at $30,000, $28,000, and $26,000.

However, if the Bitcoin price stays above the moving averages; the price could rise to $38,000 vital resistance. Therefore, a further bullish drive could push the price to $42,000, $44,000, and $46,000 resistance levels. The technical indicator Relative Strength Index (14) is moving below 45-level, which shows a possible more bearish momentum may continue to play out.

BTC/USD Medium – Term Trend: Ranging (4H Chart)

At the opening of the market today, the Bitcoin price first went up but dropped slightly within 24 hours, bringing its price from $37,448 to reach around $35,790. Should the price continue to drop below the 9-day and 21-day moving averages, it could reach the nearest support level at $33,000 and below.

BTCUSD – 4 Hour Chart

However, should in case the bulls push the coin above the upper boundary of the channel, the Bitcoin price could reach the potential resistance level of $38,000 and above. Presently, the market may continue to move sideways or experience an uptrend as the Relative Strength Index (14) indicator moves above 45-level.

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Source: https://insidebitcoins.com/news/bitcoin-price-prediction-btc-usd-price-plummets-below-36000

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Blockchain

Ethereum Co-Founder Anthony Di Iorio Bets Big on the Future of Cardano and Polkadot

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Anthony Di Iorio, a Canadian entrepreneur and the co-founder of leading smart contract platform Ethereum, said that he believes in the potential of Cardano (ADA) and Polkadot (DOT).

In an interview with crypto proponent Anthony Pompliano, Di Iorio, who is also the CEO and founder of Canadian blockchain startup Decentral and crypto wallet Jaxx, revealed that he has a diversified investment portfolio featuring several top projects, including Cardano and Polkadot.

A Big Fan of Cardano and Polkadot

He said:

“Now I’ve kind of fallen back to just simplicity. I’m in a number of different projects, but the majority of my stuff is in the top projects. I’m a big fan of Polkadot, I’m a big fan of Cardano.”

Di Iorio went on to narrate why he was so sure of the future of these two projects. He had joined the Ethereum development team earlier in 2012 when he met Vitalik Buterin at a Bitcoin conference.

He has formed strong relationships with other co-founders of Ethereum, including Vitalik Buterin, Cardano’s founder Charles Hoskinson, and Polkadot’s current CEO Gavin Wood.


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Di Iorio admitted that while he worked with these men, he knew that they were goal-oriented and would help push these projects further.

He continued:

“Big fan of Charles, let’s say that. You know, taking some different approaches in the way that they’re doing things, much more on the academic side of what he’s done and bringing stuff forward. Real big fan of Gavin Wood… Knowing those guys from the days back at Ethereum – and knowing their drive and knowing their competitiveness and their smarts – I was able to see those projects for the last few years and know that they were gonna get to where they’ve gotten up to.”

Not Getting Lost in DeFi

Despite all the recent hype about DeFi, Di lorio pointed out that he is keeping his investments simple and investing in larger projects.

“Most of my stuff is in the top few things, Ether, Bitcoin, Cardano, Polkadot. I like Cosmos as well. And there’s a few others, but I’m not getting lost in all the DeFi stuff. I just think there’s not enough time, not enough energy. It’s a full-time gig to be running a lot of that stuff and keeping on top of stuff, so I’ve simplified my life quite a bit over the past few years.”

Featured image courtesy of Business Insider

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Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://cryptopotato.com/ethereum-co-founder-anthony-di-iorio-bets-big-on-the-future-of-cardano-and-polkadot/

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