Crypto exchange Upbit is entering the Thai market at a fortuitous time when the kingdom’s most popular exchange, Bitkub, remains suspended by government regulators.
According to reports in local media, a joint-venture crypto exchange between Upbit APAC and a group of Thai billionaires launched operations on Wednesday, Jan. 20. It follows the regulatory suspension of the country’s most popular trading platform Bitkub on Monday, which had a reported 97% share of the market before its closure.
Upbit Thailand is owned by CP Group heir and owner of Fortune magazine Chatchaval Jiaravanon, and two other high profile business magnates, Somphote Ahunai and Preecha Praipattaraku.
CP Group is Thailand’s largest conglomerate, controlling the majority of the country’s food supply. It has fingers in a multitude of other pies, from government infrastructure projects to telecoms to Covid-19 vaccines, and now crypto.
Board member of Upbit Thailand, Praipattaraku, stated that the company applied for a digital asset exchange license from the Thai SEC several months ago:
“It’s a coincidence we received permission from the Securities and Exchange Commission at this time,”
Bitkub has been Thailand’s premier exchange since the closure of BX Thailand in September 2019. The financial regulator ordered it to suspend services and fix issues regarding several recent outages during periods of high demand.
Upbit is headquartered in South Korea and has operations in Singapore and Indonesia. Its Thai branch, backed with local money, has attracted the interest of a large group of capitalists, according to Thai crypto pioneer and Satang exchange CEO, Poramin Insom. He told the Bangkok Post;
“Investors in the cryptocurrency market don’t have loyalty to any one market. They tend to open an account with every market and make more profit from arbitrage between the markets. We are not afraid of Thai competitors as much as foreign players such as Binance or Coinbase that have yet to enter the Thai market.”
Smaller local exchanges such as Zibmex and Kulap have reported an influx of customers this week. Bitkub reopened its mobile application on Wednesday, Jan. 20, with limited services. Its website was still not functioning at the time of press, and when asked about the resumption of the trading platform, tech support could not provide a date.
The reformed Bitcoin Maxi who saw the light: Erik Voorhees
“We felt like we were doing God’s work,” explains cryptocurrency payments pioneer Erik Voorhees as he recalls trying to convert the unbelievers in the early days of Bitcoin.
The man whose gambling platform SatoshiDice was once responsible for half of all Bitcoin transactions, is now an elder statesman of crypto and the CEO of the ShapeShift exchange.
He remembers Bitcoin being written off as a joke at the Money 2020 conference in Las Vegas back in 2012. At the time he was working for BitInstant, one of the first Bitcoin exchanges, and they had a booth right next door to PayPal.
“I remember the PayPal people nearby kind of snickering at us. A couple of them had maybe heard of Bitcoin. If they’d even heard about it, it was a total joke — a stupid scam on the internet, or something. It was a totally unproductive conference.”
History has not been kind to the snickerers and scam-sayers, many of whom have since been converted. In 2020, eight years after the conference, Paypal finally joined the fray, enabling users to buy and sell crypto, and it will soon add it as a method of payment at 29 million merchants.
Voorhees spread the gospel of Satoshi at the conference alongside Charlie Shrem and Roger Ver. Shrem was the founder of BitInstant, viewed by some as a martyr to the cause after serving two years in prison on a case related to an exchange user reselling Bitcoin on the darknet marketplace Silk Road. Ver was perhaps the biggest believer of all, earning the nickname ‘Bitcoin Jesus’ for his charismatic promotion of the currency.
“In terms of proselytizing, Roger was the absolute best. He was a total maniac about it” Voorhees recounts with a chuckle.
“Even for Charlie and I, who were very much supportive of the general sentiment, It was pretty overwhelming and just incessant.”
“Everyone that works at a startup feels a little bit like they’re changing the world, that they have this huge mission, and certainly every company tries to amplify that,” he says, being a CEO himself. But for Bitcoiners, Voorhees clarifies, “it is really a ‘change the world’ kind of thing, and to change the world on a fundamental level. It’s to change the institution of money itself — that is a profoundly tall order.”
Vorhees explains that he sees Bitcoin as nothing less than revolutionary:
“It’s not just a better user-interface for the money that people had before. It’s a different type of money that changes government, changes culture, changes social and economic relationships on a very very deep deep level. That’s why it’s taken so long to to catch on, to get recognized, because it is trying to move into such an entrenched institution.”
It’s 2012. @ErikVoorhees @rogerkver and I decided to pool our money together for the first #Money2020 event. We told them we wanted the best booth we could afford, but we needed to be next to the @PayPal booth so we can show the world OUR financial system!
Welcome, Paypal! pic.twitter.com/5BzvQDfvFb
— Charlie Shrem (@CharlieShrem) October 21, 2020
Now 35, Voorhees spent his early ‘90’s childhood in the mountains of Colorado before moving to the University of Puget Sound near Seattle in 2003. He studied international economics and business but doesn’t really feel like he learnt either.
“In the entire major of economics, though I had courses in the history of economic thought, I never learned about the Austrians,” he says, referring to the Austrian School of economics. Often ignored by mainstream Keynesian economists, Austrians are obsessed with things like hard money and decry unbacked fiat currencies so they have been embraced by gold-bugs and the Bitcoin community, which is after all, often called ‘digital gold’.
A freshly minted graduate in 2008, Voorhees left to pursue adventure in Dubai where “anyone with a college degree could immediately get a job, because they were growing so fast.”
Working as a marketer for a real estate agency, he watched from a distance as the world he thought he knew began to buckle under the weight of the unfolding Global Financial Crisis. Dubai did not feel its effects until half a year later, he recounts, describing the intervening time as “this very weird period where Dubai was going through this massive economic boom, and the rest of the Western world was falling apart.”
From this desert oasis spared from the global drought, the business and economics graduate “started really understanding money on what I felt was a very fundamental level.” For Voorhees, the story of money is a simple one: “money emerges as the good that is bartered for most frequently.” That used to be gold and is currently fiat money, but it could just as well be something else, if a more useful and efficient money was embraced.
Upon this realization, Voorhees took on a “very strong aversion to fiat currency and to government control of money” because as a believer in a market economy, he felt that no government should control the price or distribution of any goods. “Money was actually the most important good of all, and thus most important to not be centrally planned. And yet it was even in, you know, allegedly capitalist economies,” he says.
“A capitalist economy that has a government-managed money system seemed completely antithetical, but I didn’t have any answers or solutions to that other than some kind of return to the gold standard, which seemed somewhat anachronistic.”
Voorhees returned to Colorado after two years abroad, soon moving to New Hampshire to join The Free State Project, an organized political migration which he describes as “a multi-decade initiative to move 20,000 radical libertarians to one small jurisdiction [New Hampshire] to hopefully have an outsized influence on the political structure.” It was there, in the company of fellow radical libertarian political activists, that Voorhees encountered Bitcoin in 2011.
“At that point I got completely hooked, and a year later ended up leaving New Hampshire and moving to New York to join Charlie Shrem at BitInstant.” There, he took the reins of marketing as employee number three.
It was around that time that Charlie Shrem, Roger Ver, and Erik Voorhees — each of whom would go on to become crypto-luminaries in their own right — pooled their money together to set up a Bitcoin booth at the Money 2020 conference in Las Vegas. “We needed to be next to the PayPal booth so we can show the world OUR financial system,” Shrem recounted. Vorhees says they failed to convert anyone to Bitcoin at the conference despite their best efforts.
Belief in false profits
Vorhees admits he used to be a Bitcoin Maximalist, a believer in the one true coin who rejected all false currencies. “I used to be a maximalist. Obviously when I got into Bitcoin, it was kind of the only coin,” he says.
“As other coins came out I dismissed them, scoffed at them, and generally didn’t like them because I felt like they were a distraction from the important project.”
Though he tried to focus on Satoshi’s vision, the new projects started gnawing at him and he realized that many of them “were doing things that Bitcoin wouldn’t do or couldn’t do.” By mid 2014, his conversion was in full swing.
“My whole mindset began changing. One of the most important things about Bitcoin is that it is decentralised. And it seemed to me antithetical to have a decentralized digital economy where there is only one chain — you know, one code base, one chain, one set of economic rules. It seemed very appropriate that you would get multiple different digital assets, and that was actually part of the decentralization, part of the virtue of Bitcoin was that Bitcoin isn’t the only thing there.”
He tempers this by adding the usual provisos — most tokens are garbage, many are scams, a majority will fail. “It’s only a minority of them that are interesting, but a minority is a lot more than one.”
ETH Folks… try not to become to Binancechain what the Bitcoin Maxis are to Ethereum 🙏
— Erik Voorhees (@ErikVoorhees) February 19, 2021
He still has empathy for his “shortsighted” maximalist peers, who he sees as victims of human nature’s tendency toward tribalism, which expresses itself in lots of ways, “Certainly it expresses itself in religion. And it has expressed itself in crypto, and some portion of people- their mind twists itself into complete advocacy of one flag and complete derision of all others.”
“[It’s] a group psychological phenomena and I don’t know how that stops, but I do think it is really harmful for the growth of decentralized digital finance generally.”
Gambling with Satoshi’s dice
Only a year after learning about Bitcoin, Voorhees launched Bitcoin-based gambling site SatoshiDice in 2012, which took the young crypto community by storm.
“On Reddit, this guy posted that he had created this casino-like mechanism where there’d be this dice roll, and based on the dice roll, a user would either get their coins sent back or lose them. I tried it, and there was magic in it immediately […] So I started working with him.”
This was groundbreaking because “it allowed any person in the world to place a bet by sending a Bitcoin transaction” no matter where they were from or how their local laws governed online gambling.
What’s more, the player did not need to trust SatoshiDice, because “it was provably fair,” meaning that it worked like a transparent machine where all odds and inner workings were open for anyone to inspect. Governments around the world have various commissions to regulate and audit gambling operations, but SatoshiDice’s function potentially made such organizations obsolete, powerless, or both.
“SatoshiDice showed you what the odds were. It was transparent with the odds, and you could prove that the rules were fair.”
The simple, trusted, and permissionless nature of SatoshiDice brought huge success to the platform. Within months of launch, the game was responsible for as much as half of all Bitcoin transactions.
SatoshiDice had an unofficial IPO on the MPEx exchange, a sort of Bitcoin stock market where unregistered Bitcoin companies offered shares and paid dividends denominated in BTC. These were the forerunner of the ICO boom several years later, and attracted similar attention from authorities for breaking securities laws.
Though the casino was “making a tonne of money,” it was also overwhelming as Voorhees felt his job of “running the world’s biggest Bitcoin casino” was distracting him from his greater calling of preaching the good word of Satoshi. Despite ongoing growth, he reluctantly sold the business in 2013 for 126,315 BTC which was then worth $12 million. That would be a cool $6.25 billion today.
Fighting the system
Voorhees did not enjoy calm for long, as the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) soon came after him for making a public offering of unregistered securities. Voorhees considered this unfair, seeing that his investors had made exponential returns. He ended up settling for $50,000.
“That was nine months of total misery, dealing with them. If I didn’t despise the government before, I certainly did it after that. It was such bullshit.”
A core value of his is that people should be free to transact with each other voluntarily, and that no government agency has the right to come in between them. In his worldview, “institutions and government exist purely to curtail people’s power over money,” whereas “crypto gives people total economic power to make transactions in any way they wish, and no one can stop it.” As Voorhees sees it, these two forces will inevitably clash.
Voorhees’ company Shapeshift allows users to trade cryptocurrencies without identity verification. Things were not always that way — in 2018 Voorhees says his company fell under the same rules as traditional banks and therefore had to implement Know Your Customer, or KYC, identity verification procedures, making anonymous transactions impossible. “That was absolutely miserable. Our customers hated it. I hated it.”
But by 2020, decentralized exchanges (DEX’s) which allow users to trade without depositing their funds with a third party were gaining ground and made it possible for Shapeshift to reorient its business and re-align with its libertarian values. All KYC was abandoned, and the platform became a gateway for users to trade on various DEX’s. “I had learned with Satoshi Dice that an economic relationship didn’t need anything other than a public key to send in a transaction, and anything else could be based around that,” he says.
Voorhees says that his opposition to KYC is not down to ideology but his desire to protect users against things like identity theft.
“Identity theft in the US alone is something like a $30B to $40 billion a year problem. It is more costly than all forms of property theft combined. It’s this massive thing, and crypto comes along and solves that problem.”
But how committed is he to this principle? Would he class it as theft if a government accessed user data to tax a client’s unreported financial transactions. “Yeah, exactly. Taxation is absolutely theft,” he responds with blunt matter-of-factness.
The WSJ investigates
ShapeShift’s ethos has proven controversial among adherents to the rules and regulations around traditional finance. An investigation by the Wall Street Journal alleged Shapeshift users had laundered $9 million via the platform. However a third-party analysis by blockchain intelligence firm CipherBlade suggested the investigation was flawed in assuming that funds were illicit even after passing through four different hands, causing the $9 million figure to be inflated by a factor of four. It is clear that Voorhees, who is normally calm and composed, was deeply affected by this.
“Here’s The Wall Street Journal coming after us, calling us the money launderer, when their own inflated number would put us as far better [at combating money laundering] than any of the major banks that they write about all the time.”
There’s a noticeable quaver in his voice. The battle is personal.
We spend the last minutes comparing attitudes toward money in different societies. In the Nordic countries for example, all taxes are a matter of public record. Voorhees finds this disturbing, adding that “a lot of people with money feel guilty about it” whereas creating wealth in an ethical way he believes is a good thing for society.
“I would like to see people who become very wealthy, first of all be proud of that, so long as they did it in an ethical way, and to use those resources in whatever way they think is best. I think that’s how that’s how economies grow and I think there’s nothing wrong with that.”
Brave acquires search engine in bid to offer alternative to Google Search
Major privacy-focused browser Brave is inching closer to offering a private search engine.
Brave announced Wednesday that the company has acquired Tailcat, an open search engine developed by a group formerly working on privacy search and browser products at Cliqz. Operating under the majority holding of Hubert Burda Media, Cliqz terminated its efforts on browser and search tech in May 2020.
According to the announcement, Tailcat will serve as a foundation for the upcoming Brave Search — an inbuilt search engine designed to enable private and transparent web surfing.
Brave CEO and co-founder Brendan Eich told Cointelegraph that the firm expects to introduce Brave Search by summer 2021. “Brave is now working on integrating this technology and making it available to all as Brave Search, first via early access for testers, and then for general availability by this summer,” Eich said.
Brave browser currently relies on major external search engines, offering users the choice between popular search engines like privacy-mindful DuckDuckGo and Startpage, as well as mainstream tools like Google Search. According to Brave, “nearly all of today’s search engines are either built by, or rely on, results from Big Tech companies.”
In contrast, Tailcat is built on top of a completely independent index and does not collect IP addresses or personal data to improve search results. Eich stated that Tailcat developers have been working on privacy-preserving search “the last seven years, while at Cliqz, and then on the Tailcat project after the Cliqz closure.”
The new announcement comes shortly after Brave recorded a major milestone in its browser adoption, doubling its active user base from 11 million monthly users to over 26 million. In late February, Brave released its “BAT Roadmap 2.0,” announcing the company’s plans to explore the utility of its Basic Attention Token (BAT) for search engines. As part of the roadmap, the firm is also working on a DEX aggregator and NFT functionality.
Oracle wants to bring blockchain to the masses through a crypto-secure data offering
While blockchain is known for bringing trust and transparency to multi-party workflows, it can also ensure the immutability of business-critical data. Realizing this potential, technology giant Oracle has announced a crypto-secure data management offering that will be provided as a free feature for Oracle converged database users.
Juan Loaiza, executive vice president, Mission-Critical Database Technologies at Oracle, told Cointelegraph that it’s become apparent that customers deploying blockchain solutions often do not require the full capabilities of these implementations. Loaiza also pointed out that the complexity of introducing a completely new technology stack into an IT environment can be burdensome.
Blockchain is useful for protecting data
As such, Oracle has created a crypto-secure data management offering that leverages “blockchain tables” within the Oracle database. This feature is different from Oracle’s blockchain platform, which is built on Hyperledger Fabric and is often used for supply chain management. Rather, Oracle’s blockchain tables are immutable tables specifically meant to protect enterprise data from illicit changes.
As noted in Oracle’s recent blog post, this is made possible through a series of cryptographic hashes. Immutable tables organize rows of data into several chains. Each row — except the first row in the chain — is chained to the previous row, much like that of a cryptocurrency blockchain network. The hash is then automatically calculated on the insert based on that row’s data and the hash value of the previous row in the chain. Timestamps are also recorded for each row upon data insertion.
According to Loaiza, blockchain tables enable customers to use the Oracle database when they require highly tamper-resistant data management but do not wish to distribute a ledger across multiple organizations. In addition, blockchain tables do not rely on a decentralized trust model. Loaiza said:
“We are not trying to solve a decentralized multi-party problem, but rather, we are releasing a new technology that integrates the idea of blockchain into an Oracle database. This ensures that mainstream enterprise applications only require minimal changes. We are trying to combine blockchain with all of the functionalities Oracle offers today to bring blockchain to the masses.”
Specifically speaking, Loaiza explained that the purpose of Oracle’s blockchain tables is to protect business-critical data from being modified or deleted. “This feature protects against those who may gain access to the database legitimately (corrupt insiders, criminals using stolen credentials) or illegitimately (hackers),” said Loaiza. He further commented that this offering serves as an additional layer of protection on top of conventional data security features provided through the Oracle database.
A solution such as this can be especially useful considering the fact that database security breaches are an ongoing problem. According to a 2020 report from the data company Risk Based Security, around 36 billion database records were compromised between January and September 2020.
Concerns to be considered
Loaiza noted that Oracle blockchain tables are currently being utilized by customers leveraging the “Oracle Database 19c,” which is the version most commonly used today. He explained that customers are using the blockchain tables to protect contact information, property titles, payments, transfers, ledgers and account statements.
“These tables allow customers to leverage the tamper-resistance and non-repudiation properties of blockchain in use cases that do not involve multiple organizations or the necessity to deploy a decentralized trust model,” he remarked.
While this may be, there are some downsides to consider when using a blockchain to store business-critical data. Lior Lamesh, CEO and co-founder of GK8 — a blockchain security company — told Cointelegraph that organizations storing sensitive data on a blockchain must be aware of the vulnerability of the endpoints, adding:
“Once you own an organization’s private key, all of its blockchain-based assets are in your hands. So, migrating a corporation’s internal database to the blockchain has its benefits — as long as its endpoints are protected with the highest cybersecurity standards.”
To Lamesh’s point, Loaiza remarked that this risk is evident when migrating from a database to a distributed ledger or a decentralized trust model. However, he clarified that Oracle isn’t recommending customers do this when leveraging blockchain tables. “We are providing the tamper-resistance and non-repudiation properties of blockchain inside the Oracle database,” he said.
Loaiza added that Oracle’s security capabilities include transparent data encryption, a database firewall, database vault, label security and data redaction. “You can think of it as an extra layer of security within the Oracle database, not a mechanism to replace the database,” said Loaiza.
However, enterprise customers may still be curious about how to delete data once it gets inserted into the blockchain tables. According to Loaiza, organizations can set a time limit for how long data needs to remain immutable. “By default, it’s forever, but there are business cases where after three months or a year, it’s okay to delete data, as it’s no longer valid or necessary. Users can’t delete the data in a blockchain table until the time limit expires,” he remarked.
Is this how enterprise blockchain will look?
While Oracle’s blockchain tables demonstrate a clever way to leverage the benefits of blockchain within a secure database, the offering is much different from typical enterprise solutions that focus on decentralization across multiple entities.
This could very well be a good thing, though, as some enterprise blockchain offerings have failed recently. If Oracle’s new solution proves to be effective, enterprises may start leveraging blockchain more as a middleware rather than as an entire implementation.
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