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Top Five: Moments in modern electric vehicle history

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Although electric vehicles have a history that stretches back to the 1800s, with European inventors coming up with battery-powered one-offs, the first recognizably car-like EVs took off around the turn of the Twentieth Century.

And these would have gone from strength to strength had Henry Ford’s Model T not made ICE power affordable and available, relegating electric cars, despite favorable interest from the public for their quiet operation and zero tailpipe emissions.

Thus, EVs have only had a bit-part to play in automotive history, with interest picking up in the 1970s, thanks to fuel crises, and properly getting going in the mid-1990s, which is where our Top Five picks begin:

#1 – GM EV1

When? 1996-2003
How many? 1,117

The first foray into the world of modern electric vehicles came courtesy of GM. The two-seat, aerodynamic EV1 coupe was leased to customers in California and Arizona. 660 cars were offered with a lead-acid battery, giving a range of up to 100 miles, while a second-gen car arrived in 1999 with a NiMH battery that took range to 140 miles.

Despite favorable reports from customers, GM cancelled the EV1 project in 2003, citing the fact that battery tech had not advanced quickly enough, and the car was too costly to make, although critics accused GM of jumping the gun.

Controversially, GM recalled and crushed all but 40 cars – the latter having their powertrain deactivated and donated to museums. However, in accordance with their policy that all vehicles in its collection must be operational, the Smithsonian does have a fully working first-generation EV1.

GM is now firmly back on the EV train with a new global platform that will underpin a huge range of models, plus extras designed by Honda.

#2 – Toyota RAV4 EV

When? 1997-2003/2012-2014
How many? 1,484/2,489

Not content with helping to popularize the dreaded crossover with its first-generation RAV4, Toyota also created an all-electric version for lease in California. Its NiMH battery gave a range of 95 miles and took five hours to charge. Unlike the EV1, when the leases ended, Toyota sold 328 RAV4 EVs, with a number known to still exist.

The second-gen model (above) is also noteworthy, as it was produced as a joint venture between Toyota and Tesla, before the Japanese car giant sold its stake in the Californian firm in 2017.

Again sold or leased only in California, the RAV4 used a Tesla Li-Ion battery pack and electronics related to those used in the Model S, with Toyota using the project to continue learning about EVs, and Tesla fine-tuning its knowledge of EV SUVs ahead of the launch of the Model X in 2015.

#3 – Nissan Leaf

When? 2010-Present
How many? Over 470,000

Although others – namely the Mitsubishi i-MiEV – claim the title of first mass-produced modern EV, the Leaf was the first to take electric vehicles global, selling in decent numbers in Europe, Asia and North America. The Leaf is built in Sunderland, UK; Oppama, Japan; and in Smyrna, TN, US for each respective market.

The first-generation model started with a 24kWh li-ion battery that gave around 73 miles of range. Over the past decade and the introduction of a new, second-generation model, the Leaf now features the option of a 62kWh li-ion battery, giving a range of around 239 miles. This car also features Nissan’s latest suite of ADAS tech, including its ProPilot lane keeping assistant.

#4 – BMW i3

When? 2013-Present
How many? Over 165,000

While the Leaf is aimed squarely at the mainstream, BMW took the electric vehicle into premium territory, albeit in pint-sized form, when it introduced the i3, first with the option of a gas-powered range extender, and now just as a pure EV.

The i3 was one of the first mass-produced cars to use a lightweight, five-door CFRP body to help boost range. Unlike the Leaf, which is most popular in Europe, most i3s have found homes in the US. Launching with a 22kWh battery, the i3 can now be had with a 42.2kWh unit, giving a maximum range of 153 miles.

Although BMW has not confirmed a successor to the i3, it has confirmed that the existing model will continue to be offered, albeit with updates, until at least 2024.

#5 – Tesla Model 3

tesla-model-3_1

When? 2017-Present
How many? Over 500,000

No list of game-changing EVs would complete without at least a small nod to Tesla and its impact on popularizing the technology. While the original Lotus Elise-based Roadster broke new ground – selling 2,450 units, with one currently flying through space – it’s the firm’s volume models that really matter.

The Model 3 has managed to pull off a number of significant tricks. It is desirable – becoming the first EV to hit 500,000 global sales in early 2020 – and also practical – able to fit five adults and luggage.

The Model also has surprising performance – capable of the 0-62mph sprint in a little over three seconds, while offering a minimum range of 220 miles from a 54kWh battery, up to 322 miles from the 75kWh battery.

Add in the fact that it is the firm’s most affordable model to date, and it is no surprise that the Model 3 is proving extremely popular. The Model Y crossover, based on the Model 3’s underpinnings, is just coming on stream, too.

Source: https://www.automotive-iq.com/electrics-electronics/articles/top-five-moments-in-modern-electric-vehicle-history

Blockchain

Litecoin, Monero, Ethereum Classic Price Analysis: 17 May

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The Bitcoin market has been on a downtrend and the altcoin market has been mirroring its losses. The markets of Litecoin [LTC], Monero [XMR], and Ethereum Classic [ETC] have been highlighting a similar downtrend while also trying to recover in the short term.

Litecoin [LTC]

Source: LTCUSD on TradingView

The above chart of Litecoin [LTC] suggested that its value plummeted by 17% within 16-hours. This loss was from $325 to $267. However, after the 17% drop, the LTC value recovered and was now trading at $289.10.

The digital asset has been moving towards immediate resistance at $297.26 but there was evident bearishness in the market due to the fall. As the price slipped low, relative strength index was suggesting that the asset had entered the oversold zone, but this price posed a buying opportunity for others. This buying pressure that was created has pushed the digital asset into a near-equilibrium zone.

The price hangs around the $288-range and the traders may want to be more vigilant as the momentum shifts.

Monero [XMR]

Source: XMRUSD on TradingView

Unlike the Litecoin market, Monero [XMR] market was noting a rise in volatility. The sudden plunge in price pushed LTC from $391 to under $345. Even after recovering to $365, resistance at this level pushed the price once again lower. At the time of press, LTC was trading at $361.

The rise in volatility was indicated by the divergence of Bollinger bands, while the signal line was also plummeting. This suggested that the recent price action has paved the way for the bearishness and as LTC tried to stabilize at the current price, the relative strength index noted that the selling pressure had also increased as it hit 38. Meanwhile, negative momentum was adding to the falling price of LTC.

Ethereum Classic [ETC]

Source: ETCUSD on TradingView

The Etheruem Classic [ETC] price was not as impacted as other alts, thanks to its hard fork Ethereum [ETH]. The ETC price dropped by 19% but managed to recover by 15%. The loss carried ETC value from $110 to 80, but as the market recovers, this value has been pushed to $91.

With the wild price movement, Bollinger bands were noted to converge, which meant that volatility was reducing. As the price surged past the $89 resistance, the market was trying to hold on to this price level. This was also indicated by RSI which was at 47, close to equilibrium. This meant that the buying and the selling pressures were evenly matched. However, the momentum has remained negative.


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Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://ambcrypto.com/litecoin-monero-ethereum-classic-price-analysis-17-may

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Blockchain

‘Cash, candy or Bitcoin’: Paying minors in 2021

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A Bloomberg contributor will be paying his son Bitcoin in exchange for chores above and beyond his usual scope, but he is seemingly unable to decide on the best means of payment.

In an opinion piece today, Eddie Yoon said he would pay his seventh grader 0.00055 Bitcoin (BTC) — roughly $23.50 at the time of publication — for the boy helping him with competitive pricing benchmarking for a rental property. Yoon said he gave his son Luke a choice of “cash, candy, or Bitcoin” for the work, closing the deal with a handshake.

According to the Bloomberg contributor, the move was based on giving his children a role in their own financial decisions rather than jumping in on any craze. He said he helped Luke purchase Tesla stock in 2016 and his daughters buy into Apple and Alphabet.

“We’ve told our kids that we will fund any investment that we collectively agree on between now and the age of 25,” said Yoon. “We don’t plan to leave them an inheritance, so we want them to be equipped for a future in which their own investments give them financial security.”

Yoon added that he has “yet to figure out which cryptocurrency platform allows minors to open accounts.” There are few, if any, laws that prohibit children under the age of 18 from HOLDing or trading cryptocurrency, but many exchanges still require verification to ensure their users are of legal age. Alternatively, adults can gift minors crypto with paper wallets or through Bitcoin ATMs.

“We don’t want our kids to necessarily beat the market. We want our kids to be able to think independently about money. We want them to manage their money, not let it manage them. We want them to find the right balance between ignorance and obsession with money.”

Though many children — and adults — may not always be able to understand the complexities of the market, some crypto enthusiasts have already taken the first steps toward them becoming more financially educated. Three-year-old Lily Knight, born during the 2017 bull run, meets both criteria by teaching others about crypto and blockchain on her YouTube channel.

Dallas Mavericks owner Mark Cuban said in a tweet Saturday that he and his 11-year-old son Jake collectively own 3,250 Dogecoin (DOGE) — roughly $1,556 at the time of publication. Cuban previously claimed he used the token for entertainment and financial education.

However, one of the youngest prominent crypto holders is Tesla CEO Elon Musk’s son X Æ A-Xii — pronounced “ex ash eh twelve” — who recently celebrated his first birthday. Musk said he purchased some DOGE for the baby at nine months old, referring to him as a “toddler HODLer.”

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://cointelegraph.com/news/cash-candy-or-bitcoin-paying-minors-in-2021

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Blockchain

Price analysis 5/17: BTC, ETH, BNB, ADA, DOGE, XRP, DOT, BCH, LTC, UNI

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Bitcoin (BTC) plummeted to an intraday low near $42,000 today, dropping 35% from its all-time high at $64,849.27. Over the weekend the selling intensified as news that Tesla may have sold its Bitcoin holdings made waves, and even after this was proven to be untrue, Bitcoin’s market dominance had still been pulled down to a three-year low below 40%. 

While this decline in Bitcoin may have scared new investors, stock-to-flow creator PlanB said the performance of the current bull phase is still better than the 2017 bull run. PlanB also warned investors to expect several 30% dips during Bitcoin’s climb to a new all-time high.

Daily cryptocurrency market performance. Source: Coin360

Although the long-term story remains intact, the sharp bearish moves in Bitcoin on every minor negative news tidbit suggest nervousness among investors. The lack of a sharp recovery even after Elon Musk’s clarification that “Tesla has not sold any Bitcoin” suggests investors are not buying aggressively on positive news.

Will Bitcoin’s weakness stall the altcoin season or is Bitcoin getting ready for a sharp relief rally? Let’s analyze the charts of the top-10 cryptocurrencies to find out.

BTC/USDT

Bitcoin broke below the neckline of the head and shoulders pattern on May 16 but the bears could not achieve a close below it. By the end of the day, the price rebounded and closed above the neckline.

BTC/USDT daily chart. Source: TradingView

However, the selling resumed today and the bears have pulled the price below the neckline. If the BTC/USDT pair closes below the neckline, the head and shoulders pattern will complete.

If the bulls do not push the price back above the neckline quickly, the selling is likely to intensify further. The pair could then start its decline toward the pattern target at $31,653.73.

The downsloping 20-day exponential moving average ($52,265) and the relative strength index (RSI) in the oversold territory indicate the bears have the upper hand.

Any pullback is likely to face stiff resistance at the 20-day EMA. This negative view will invalidate if the bulls push the price above the stiff overhead resistance at $60,000.

ETH/USDT

Ether (ETH) is correcting the sharp uptrend of the past few days. The price dipped below the 20-day EMA ($3,431) today but the bulls are trying to arrest the decline near the 38.2% Fibonacci retracement level at $3,195.98.

ETH/USDT daily chart. Source: TradingView

If the price rebounds off the current level and rises above $3,600, the bulls will try to push the price to $4,200. However, the 20-day EMA has flattened out and the RSI has dropped near the midpoint, suggesting the bullish momentum may be weakening.

If the buyers fail to defend the $3,195.98 support, the decline could extend to the next support at the 50-day simple moving average ($2,709). Such a deep fall is likely to delay the start of the next leg of the uptrend.

BNB/USDT

Binance Coin (BNB) broke below the 50-day SMA ($520) for the first time since Dec. 13. The 20-day EMA ($585) has started to turn down and the RSI has slipped below 42, suggesting the bears are trying to gain the upper hand.

BNB/USDT daily chart. Source: TradingView

If the current recovery turns down from the 20-day EMA, it will suggest that traders are closing their positions on rallies. That will increase the possibility of a break below $480. If that happens, the BNB/USDT pair may drop to $428 and then to $348.70.

The first sign of strength will be a breakout and close above $615. Such a move will suggest that the correction is over and the pair may be ready to resume the uptrend. A breakout and close above $691.77 could start the next leg of the uptrend that may reach $796.64.

ADA/USDT

Cardano (ADA) is in a strong uptrend. It reached a new all-time high at $2.34 on May 16 where profit-booking set in. If the price breaks below $1.95, the altcoin may drop to the 20-day EMA ($1.71).

ADA/USDT daily chart. Source: TradingView

A strong rebound off the 20-day EMA will suggest the sentiment remains bullish and traders are buying on dips. On the contrary, a break below the 20-day EMA will indicate that supply exceeds demand and that may pull the price down to the 50-day SMA ($1.39).

Instead, if the price turns up from the current level and rises above $2.34, the ADA/USDT pair may resume its uptrend. The next target objective on the upside is $2.82 and then $3. The rising moving averages and the RSI above 63 indicate the path of least resistance is to the upside.

DOGE/USDT

The bulls are currently attempting to defend the 20-day EMA ($0.46). If they succeed, Dogecoin (DOGE) could move up to $0.59 where the bulls are likely to encounter stiff resistance from the bears.

DOGE/USDT daily chart. Source: TradingView

If the price turns down from $0.59, the possibility of a break below the 20-day EMA increases. If that happens, the DOGE/USDT pair could drop to the critical support at $0.35. A strong rebound off this support could keep the pair range-bound between $0.35 and $0.59 for a few days.

Contrary to this assumption, if the bulls drive the price above $0.59, the pair may retest the all-time high at $0.73. A breakout of this resistance could start the next leg of the uptrend that may reach $0.83 and then $1.

XRP/USDT

The bulls purchased the dip to the support line of the symmetrical triangle today, indicating buying at lower levels. The buyers will now try to propel XRP above the resistance line of the triangle.

XRP/USDT daily chart. Source: TradingView

If they succeed, the XRP/USDT pair could pick up momentum and rally to the 52-week high at $1.96.This level may act as stiff resistance but if the bulls can overcome it, the pair may rally to $2.68.

The flat 20-day EMA ($1.43) and the RSI above 53 do not signal a clear advantage to the bulls. If the price turns down from the resistance line of the triangle, the pair may extend its stay inside the triangle for a few more days.

The trend will turn in favor of the bears if the price breaks below the triangle. That could result in a decline to $0.88.

DOT/USDT

Polkadot (DOT) broke out of the $44 overhead resistance on May 14 but the bulls could not sustain the higher levels. The bears pulled the price back below the breakout level at $44 on May 15.

DOT/USDT daily chart. Source: TradingView

The 20-day EMA ($39.34) is flattening out and the RSI is near the midpoint, suggesting the range-bound action may continue for a few more days.

A break below $32.50 could open the gates for a decline to the critical support at $26.50. A bounce off this support will suggest accumulation at lower levels.

On the other hand, if the price rises from the current level and breaks above $44, it will suggest that sentiment remains positive and the bulls continue to buy at lower levels. That will increase the possibility of a retest of the all-time high at $49.78.

BCH/USDT

Bitcoin Cash (BCH) broke and closed below the 20-day EMA ($1,178) on May 15. The bulls attempted to push the price back above the 20-day EMA on May 16 but failed to sustain the higher levels. This led to further selling today and the price dipped to the psychological level at $1,000.

BCH/USDT daily chart. Source: TradingView

The bulls are currently attempting to defend the support at $1,000. However, any relief rally from the current level is likely to face stiff resistance at the 20-day EMA ($1,170) and then at $1,362.74.

If the price turns down from this level, the BCH/USDT pair may remain range-bound for a few days.

This neutral view will invalidate if the pair continues lower and breaks below the 50-day SMA ($922). Such a move could open the doors for a further decline to $700. The trend may favor the bulls on a break and close above $1,362.74.

LTC/USDT

The failure of the bulls to build upon the breakout of the ascending broadening wedge formation could have attracted aggressive profit-booking from short-term traders. This pulled Litecoin (LTC) to the 20-day EMA ($308) on May 12.

LTC/USDT daily chart. Source: TradingView

Although the bulls attempted a recovery on May 13 and 14, the rebound fizzled out at $339.10. The selling resumed on May 15 and sent the LTC/USDT pair below the 20-day EMA.

Today, the bulls are attempting to defend the 50-day SMA ($270). However, the 20-day EMA has started to slope down and the RSI is below 45, suggesting the bears are trying to make a comeback.

If the pair breaks below the 50-day SMA, the selling could intensify and the pair may drop to the support line of the wedge. This negative view will be negated if the bulls push the price above $340.

UNI/USDT

Uniswap (UNI) broke below the support line of the ascending channel today but the bears could not capitalize on this weakness. The bulls are currently attempting to push the price back into the channel.

UNI/USDT daily chart. Source: TradingView

However, the 20-day EMA ($37.72) has started to turn down and the RSI has dipped into the negative territory, suggesting the bears have a slight advantage. If the price closes below the channel, it will indicate a possible change in trend.

The UNI/USDT pair could then drop to the $27.50 to $25 support zone and then to $20. This negative view will invalidate if the buyers propel the price above $40.

The views and opinions expressed here are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Cointelegraph. Every investment and trading move involves risk. You should conduct your own research when making a decision.

Market data is provided by HitBTC exchange.

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://cointelegraph.com/news/price-analysis-5-17-btc-eth-bnb-ada-doge-xrp-dot-bch-ltc-uni

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