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Systematic Fragility in Decentralized Finance

With the start of a new decade, a new wave is affecting the global financial system, the wave is of decentralized finance protocols. The ecosystem has already packed a value of $1.2 billion in 2020. Though the platform has a huge and revolutionary potential yet it is in it’s developing phase and is immature and […]

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With the start of a new decade, a new wave is affecting the global financial system, the wave is of decentralized finance protocols. The ecosystem has already packed a value of $1.2 billion in 2020.

Though the platform has a huge and revolutionary potential yet it is in it’s developing phase and is immature and thus there are several common vulnerabilities which do not make the platform unsafe for users but a cautious place for them to be and so here are few risks from which the users should be aware to make an informed decision.

Centralization:

The name pronounce os Defi is Decentralized Finance but according to a source, most of the Defi apps depend on the centralized entities for their operation in one way or the other, in that source there was a part mentioned where it stated that anyone having the access of Compound admin key can drain all the platform’s lending pools.

In the case of lending protocols, there is a different concern. A metric named “utilization rate” is used in a  Compound in which the percentage of the staked funds that have been lent out in a moment is described. The higher the percentage the greater the risk of a liquidity crisis getting triggered. This risk is minuted by the compound through its interest rate model which adjusts according to the utilization rate.

Market Manipulation

The market of Defi is still vulnerable to manipulation tactics as Defi is currently unregulated. The tactics are.

Frontrunning:

In blockchain when there several transactions waiting to enter a block and become confirmed, they are queued in a mempool which is visible to any trader, The trader can enter in with their own trade and can get a higher gas fee, by this the miners will more likely select them for inclusion in next block rather than first transaction.

Oracle Manipulation:

 When a Defi dApp uses only a single or double exchange as an oracle the price information provided by an oracle can be manipulated by traders by trading large transactions since the liquidity on that exchange is very less it is easier to manipulate the price, the traders make leveraged trade on the manipulated price and reap maximum profit.

Account Security:

When any user is using or investing in a Defi dApp, their funds are being transferred into another user wallet and the transaction is governed by a Smart contract but this all happens through a dApp and it can also be a possibility that someone, somewhere, has private keys to the wallet

The measures which are used to prevent funds from hackers are such as multi-signature security and time locks, however, it is impossible for any user to be assured totally that these methods are being applied as the Defi teams are very secretive about their practices. Multi-signature is a measure visible to the user but again there is no proof that not even a single individual has access to all the signature which is required for transactions. 

It is being assumed that as the Defi area matures the developers may advance their security modules.

Ethereum Dependency:

Scalability is the biggest weakness of Ethereum and still, most of the Defi is still dependent on Ethereum. The transaction speed in Ethereum is around 15 TPS, and Ethereum is able to keep up with the transactions of stablecoin 

Ethereum 2.0 upgrade which is promised still may take a few years and that too it is not sure that the current issue will be alleviated or not. So, for now, the dependence of Defi on Ethereum can be considered a fragility.

Conclusion:

All these fragilities and drawbacks are not necessarily the reason for the users to run scared away from Defi, the crucial part for the users is “do your own research” before getting involved with Defi. The users should understand the risks involved when investing in crypto and related applications and then take the calculated and measured approach to minimize the risks.


At QuillHash, we understand the Potential of Blockchain and have a good team of developers who can develop any blockchain applications like Smart Contracts, dApps, DeFi, DEX on the any Blockchain Platform like EthereumEOS , Stellar and Hyperledger.

For further discussion and queries on the same topic, join the discussion on Telegram group of QuillHash — https://t.me/quillhash.

Source: https://blog.quillhash.com/2020/02/28/systematic-fragility-in-decentralized-finance/

Blockchain

U.S. Treasury Targets Stablecoins in Latest Regulatory Risk Assessment

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As regulatory pressure mounts in the U.S., policymakers are putting stablecoins at the top of their agendas.

Citing “people familiar with the matter,” Bloomberg has reported that officials are crafting a policy framework set to be released in the coming weeks. Their primary concern is ensuring that investors can reliably move money in and out of tokens, it added.

The anonymous insiders are worried that a “fire-sale run on crypto assets could threaten financial stability and that certain stablecoins could scale up dangerously fast.”

Strengthening Regulatory Efforts

The Financial Stability Oversight Council is also preparing a formal review into whether stablecoins pose an economic threat.

The officials are focusing on how stablecoin transactions are processed and settled and whether market conditions have an impact, it added. Tomicah Tillemann, global head of policy at a crypto fund run by venture capital giant Andreessen Horowitz, commented:


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“It is significant and very consequential that we are witnessing early steps to create a regulatory framework around digital assets. That’s a big deal.”

The report, when released, will go to the President’s Working Group on Financial Markets. The body includes key agency heads such as Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell, and Securities and Exchange Commissioner Chair Gary Gensler.

In late July, Yellen called for urgency in regulating stablecoins after stating that they are not adequately supervised. Gary Gensler echoed the sentiment in early August, stating that regulators must act to protect investors from fraud.

Also, in late July, Acting Comptroller of the Currency, Michael Hsu, said regulators are looking into Tether’s commercial papers to see whether each USDT token was really backed by the equivalent of one U.S. dollar.

Tether has repeatedly issued assurances that its reserves are fully backed but has yet to produce a full independent audit.

Stablecoin Ecosystem Update

Tether remains the market leader with a current supply of 69.4 billion, according to the Tether Transparency report. This is close to the all-time high for USDT, which tapped 70 billion earlier this week.

Of that total, 36 billion or 51.8% is based on the Tron network, with 33.8 billion or 48.7% running on Ethereum. USDT supply has grown by 232% since the beginning of the year.

Rival stablecoin, USDC, from Circle currently has 29.3 billion in circulation after gaining 651% in terms of supply growth so far in 2021.

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Source: https://cryptopotato.com/u-s-treasury-targets-stablecoins-in-latest-regulatory-risk-assessment/

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Blockchain

Cardano, Chainlink, MATIC Price Analysis: 19 September

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Most altcoins in the market have been consolidating or recording losses over the last 24 hours. Cardano fell by 3% and inched closer to the support line of $2.20. Chainlink also depreciated by 5% and was trading closer to its three-week low price. Lastly, MATIC was seen moving closer to its one-week low price of $1.29 after registering a loss of 5% over the past day.

Cardano (ADA)

Cardano, Chainlink and MATIC Price Analysis: 19 September

ADA/USD, TradingView

Cardano lost 3% of its valuation over the last 24 hours. The altcoin was priced at $2.33. Over the last few days, ADA has been consolidating. The nearest support line for the coin stood at $2.20 and then at $1.72. 

On the four-hour 20-SMA the alt’s price was seen below it, indicating that the momentum belonged to the sellers. The Relative Strength Index was below the 50-mark. The Chaikin Money Flow also was seen below the half-line as capital inflows were low.

MACD witnessed a bearish crossover and flashed red bars on its histogram. If ADA moved on the upside, the first resistance mark stood at $2.49, toppling which it could retest $2.79. The other price ceiling stood at the multi-month high of $3.04. 

Chainlink (LINK)

Cardano, Chainlink and MATIC Price Analysis: 19 September

LINK/USD, TradingView

Chainlink was priced at $27.80 after it recorded a loss of 5% over the last 24 hours. LINK’s nearest price floor was at $27.78. Falling below which the coin could trade near its three-week low of $24.45. 

Parameters pointed towards negative price action. On the four-hour chart, LINK’s price was below the 20-SMA. This reading suggested price momentum was inclined towards the sellers. The Relative Strength Index was below the half-line.

Awesome Oscillator flashed red signal bars. MACD also displayed red bars on its histogram. On the flipside, once buying pressure revives, the altcoin could attempt to retest the $32.37 resistance mark and then revisit $35.83. 

Polygon (MATIC)

Cardano, Chainlink and MATIC Price Analysis: 19 September

MATIC/USD, TradingView

MATIC depreciated by 5% and was trading at $1.39. The altcoin’s immediate support line was at $1.29 which also is the one-week low price level. The other price floor was at its over a month-long low price point of $1.07. 

Bollinger Bands converged, indicating that price volatility would remain low over the upcoming trading sessions. MACD was bearish with red bars on its histogram. The Relative Strength Index was also seen below the half-line. 

MATIC’s movement on the upside could mean that the coin would meet with its first resistance at $1.42 and then at $1.54. Toppling over these levels, the coin could revisit its multi-month high of $1.76.

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Source: https://ambcrypto.com/cardano-chainlink-matic-price-analysis-19-september

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The Crypto Mining Fight in China Is Not Over

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It looks like China is still not done clamping down on the crypto mining space. Another region known as the Hebei province has agreed to comply with Beijing’s ruling that all crypto mining should be omitted from China’s workforce. The province is now claiming that the practice is illegal and must end within its borders no later than September 30.

China Is Still Kicking Miners Out

China shocked the world not too long ago when it decided that all crypto mining should cease. The idea was that energy used for crypto mining purposes was hazardous to the planet, and that it was setting humans on the wrong path. Thus, regulators stated that it was time to bring things to an official end.

What was most surprising about the ruling is that the country, at the time, was home to nearly 75 percent of the world’s total crypto mining operations. Thus, it stood to lose a lot of money and tax revenue by initiating the clampdown. In addition, the country is home to two of the world’s biggest developers and distributors of bitcoin mining equipment in Bitmain and Canaan Creative.

Nevertheless, China has moved forward in its decision. Many mining operators were forced to shut down their businesses and move elsewhere, and quite a few have popped up in countries such as Kazakhstan and in states like Texas and Florida. Both these regions in America have stated they are open to crypto mining projects given that they can potentially lead to healthier local and state economies, and they will create jobs for interested workers.

The Hebei province issued the following statement:

Cryptocurrency mining consumes an enormous amount of energy, which is against China’s ‘carbon neutral’ goal.

The arguments against crypto mining have become rather prominent in recent months. One of the most notable stemmed from Elon Musk, the South African entrepreneur behind billion-dollar companies such as SpaceX and Tesla. He stated early in the year that he was willing to permit bitcoin payments for electric vehicles. A few weeks later, however, he rescinded this decision, claiming that miners were not utilizing their energy correctly, and he could not condone bitcoin unless carbon emissions were brought down.

Too Much Bad Energy in the Air!

Another argument came from Kevin O’Leary of “Shark Tank” fame. The billionaire investor claimed that he would no longer be purchasing any BTC mined in China given that the country was not known to utilize green energy for mining purposes. China later took this issue to heart, it seems.

Starting in October of this year, bitcoin and crypto mining in China will be completely illegal. Regulators in the nation have stated that they will keep a close eye on the mining space and will work to punish all those who disobey the rules.

Tags: china, Crypto Mining, Hebei province
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Source: https://www.livebitcoinnews.com/the-crypto-mining-clampdown-in-china-is-not-over/>

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