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Ray Dalio on What Coronavirus Means for the Global Economy

Ray Dalio is one of the best economic thinkers alive. On 9 April 2020, TED interviewed him about what coronavirus means for the global economy. Here is my summary. Any errors, omissions, misunderstandings are mine. Interviewer: Corey Hajim (TED)Interviewee: Ray Dalio, Founder of Bridgewater AssociatesReleased 9 April 2020 How to think about this? Look at … Continue reading Ray Dalio on What Coronavirus Means for the Global Economy

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Republished by Plato



Ray Dalio is one of the best economic thinkers alive. On 9 April 2020, TED interviewed him about what coronavirus means for the global economy. Here is my summary. Any errors, omissions, misunderstandings are mine.

Ray Dalio on What coronavirus means for the global economy

Interviewer: Corey Hajim (TED)
Interviewee: Ray Dalio, Founder of Bridgewater Associates
Released 9 April 2020

How to think about this?

Look at second order effects – like a tsunami – what happens after the wave has gone? Look at incomes and balance sheets: big hits to both.

This is similar to the 1930-45 period, so read up on your history.

  • Production of a lot credit-based money (govt borrowing). US Treasury is giving money to Americans.  Europeans doing the same.
  • Rest of world will have gaps/holes. Who will pay, who will fill these holes.  Who will pay these debts?
  • Will be a big difference between those who will get the money and who will not.
  • Wealth distribution will be a big thing.

Will need to collaborate.  This is a defining moment.

Think about the one pattern that happens over and over again – 4 driving forces of our economy (see

  1. Productivity growth (learning, inventing, doing things well).  Grows slowly.  1-3% per year.  Not volatile.  Raises living standards.
  2. Short term debt cycle (booms & busts), lasts about 8-10 years.
  3. Long term debt cycle, 50-75 years.  New type of money & credit.  Last one began in 1945 Bretton Woods.  Start of American world order.  USD powers 70% of the world.  This is what’s going on now.
  4. Politics – how we deal with each other.  Domestic and international politics.

Stress tests happen every 75 years (3rd force above).  Think about those “inside the ring of (financial) support” vs “outside the ring of support”.

On politics, domestic politics is the wealth gap, the existence of the American dream etc. Revolutions do happen – whether this one will be peaceful or disruptive is the question.  External politics is between countries – usually a rising power challenging existing power.  There is a risk of war (12 of the last 16 challenges in the last 500 years have resulted in war).  This time, will countries come together for the greater good or will they fight?

We’re headed into a global depression.

Meaning it will be like during 1929-1932 when there was double digit unemployment rate, 10% fall in the economy. Back then how did they deal with this?  In 1933 they printed lots of money.  Similar programs to now.  Interest rates to 0.  Same thing as today: credit/money expansion.  Took a long time for stock market to exceed former highs & economy to recover to previous levels.

This is not a recession, it’s a breakdown in the operation of money & credit.

Tools previously used to fix it: Austerity, debt restructuring/forgiveness, redistribution of wealth, printing money? Can these help?

We’ll see printing money and redistribution. Need to leverage on human creativity and adaptation.  We’ll get through this, this will be a tiny wiggle on the line, like how the others look when you zoom out.

There will be a new world order.

We see $20tn of losses.  But money & credit is just digital, just accounting.  We’ll see a giant restructuring of IOUs.  Go entity by entity.  Who will pay to keep them alive?  Will take a couple of years to figure out the numbers.  Who collects the cheques is important – who gets to survive.  Then we’ll have a new working environment.  This could make us healthier.

Supply chains will change – self sufficiency (nation by nation) will be important.  Financial system will restructure.

This is bigger than what happened in 2008.  Back then we were able to keep systemically important banks etc alive by extending them credit.  This time it’s the real economy, those beyond banks.  It’s a bigger crisis, and we have a less effective monetary policy (rates were lower going in).  Simply buying financial assets won’t work this time.  Need to get the money to those who need it.

Who has the best prospects going forwards? Two types:

  1. Those stable “meat & potato” unleveraged companies eg Campbell Soup.
  2. The Innovators / adaptors who have strong balance sheets.

How to understand it?

People lose sight of the basic fundamentals of money, credit, income, expenses, balance sheets, because shocks like this only happen once in anyone’s lifetime.

You need a firm grasp of cause-effect relationships.  Don’t just apply machine learning to the markets, because we don’t have the training data for shocks like this.  Your models won’t work.  You’d have to go back to the 1930s to have analogous period.

Passive investment market is so huge now, what’s the impact?

Individual investors should know how to diversify well and in a balanced way (asset classes, countries, currencies).  The greatest mistake of all investors is to think that what has done well lately is a better investment, rather than it’s expensive.  And what has done badly recently is a worst investment, rather than it’s cheap.

Don’t think that cash is a safe investment.  Cash is seductive but it taxes you in buying power (2% a year).  Cash is often the worst investment.  Think unconventionally – do you have a little bit of gold? (Note: he didn’t mention crypto or bitcoin… but those who know…).

Big picture question – what’s changing? There is a retreat from globalisation.  We need a coordinated effort for recovery. (See Ray’s view on The Changing World Order)

We certainly will retreat from globalisation.  Who will write what cheques in countries outside of their domain?   Gets down to practical questions.  The reality is a lot of people won’t be helped.  One country’s vulnerabilities is another country’s opportunity.  How to resolve dispute of who gets what?  We’re in an interconnected but fragmented world.  Can I depend on someone else giving me what I need, or not taking advantage of me?  Not any more.

This separation / isolation of US vs rest-of-world began before we had Covid.  Read the history.  The Chinese right now are helping with things that are needed in this crisis.  But even saying that is a politically challenging.  Our world is so fragmented, it’s hard to say thank you to countries and companies that are helping.  Right now there is demonisation of different people.  How we come out of this depends on how we behave with each other.

Is this an opportunity to reform capitalism?

Do we want the outcomes that we’re getting, that the system is producing?  The current world order was created at Bretton Woods in 1945.  Environment of equal opportunity, American Dream, harmony, etc.  You saw collapse, clash, fighting, followed by new systems.

The idea that the profit system can accomplish everything is not right: Resources are allocated to those who already have resources.  All systems work for those who control the system – it’s self perpetuating. Eg in the US, the top 40% spend on average 5x on children’s education than those in the bottom 60%.

I’m a capitalist, I believe we can increase the size of the pie and divide it well.  But needs reform and restructuring, that’s what’s happening now.

There has been a tremendous transfer of wealth through the production of borrowed money.  We will come out of here, and over the next couple of years we will talk about how we do the restricting.  My main worry: will this be done in a civil bipartisan way to increase the size of the pie and divide it well, or damage the economy by losing productivity?

On education:

Education is a great investment, the more well educated people the more productivity it will produce.  But states and localities consider it as a budget item – an expense. That’s not the right way to think about education.  This has to be engineered well.  System has to be perceived to be fair.

I’m 60/40 pessimistic that we are not going to be good enough to do it well.

Is it genuinely possible to rebuild the economy to be fairer?  Is the current crisis showing that it’s actually low pay / unskilled workers that holds countries together rather than bankers etc?  Can we make the new system more fair for them?

They are definitely the heroes.  But it takes everyone to buy in, both the CEOs and the workers on the front lines. We have to establish that there is a level of basics (education, healthcare, basics) that you can’t fall below, otherwise there’s no opportunity, and the cost is crime and incarcerations.

Our job is to get kids through high schools and in jobs: we will save money. Average cost of incarceration is $40-120k per year.  The difference between a rich and poor student is whose who can have a computer and learn. Get them in jobs and we save a lot of money.  Philanthropists can’t do this alone: the sums are too high.

On powerful people’s decision making:

You have to realise that very few people are making decisions based on the quality of the argument.  Most people have an objective or are in a war of some kind, and they’re on one side.  So they’re making decisions based on the side they’re taking rather than on high quality arguments.  Everything is politically challenging – number of respirators etc.  People on the other sides will take advantage.

We’re going to get through it.  We have the opportunity to make changes, do better, and emerge stronger. We can improve the structures, but needs active cooperation. This is a defining moment.

Other Ray Dalio short videos:

Ray Dalio’s Principles for Success in 30 mins
Ray Dalio’s How the Economic Machine works in 30 mins



XRP, Tron, Tezos Price Analysis: 01 March

Republished by Plato



XRP could be in line for another sell-off as the 200-SMA looked to cross above the 50-SMA. Down the ladder, Tron and Tezos were projected to stick to a fixed channel, with a breakout largely dependent on the future movement of market leaders Bitcoin and Ethereum.


Source: XRP/USD, TradingView

The bearish nature of XRP’s market was evident on its 4-hour chart as the price remained below the 200-SMA (green) despite a slight recovery at the time of writing. Moreover, the long-term moving average looked positioned to cross above the 50-SMA (blue). The last time this development took place was when a lawsuit was announced by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission against Ripple which resulted in a massive price drop and a bear market that lasted for over a month.

The MACD line floated just above the signal line but momentum seemed weak on the buying side. The Stochastic RSI also tipped in favor of the bulls. A strong sell-off could be avoided if the indicators maintain a positive stance. If the sell-off does take place at the current level, $0.25 support could be in focus.

Tron [TRX]

Source: TRX/USD, TradingView

Tron continued to trade rangebound between $0.05 and $0.04 as momentum switched sides between the buyers and sellers. The Awesome Oscillator flashed green at the time of writing as momentum diverted back to the buyers.  The 24-hour trading volumes surged by over 27% and clocked in at $1.76 billion.

While it looked like Tron was poised to rise above its overhead resistance, low volatility according to the Bollinger Bands worked against a bullish outcome. That could change if buying picks up over the coming sessions. Conversely, a pullback in the broader market could see Tron move towards $0.036 support.

Tezos [XTZ]

Source: XTZ/USD, TradingView

A horizontal pattern formed on Tezos‘ 4-hour chart as the price oscillated between a resistance and support line since bouncing back from the $3.2 mark. For traders, sell signals were present on the upper trendline and buy signals on the lower trendline. Considering Tezos’ strong correlation with Bitcoin, the state of the king coin could determine the direction of a breakout from the channel.

The next resistance level lied at $4.3, while the next support rested at $2.7. The MACD line moved above the signal line as bullish momentum was on the up. The RSI also pointed north from around the 50-level.

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Why countries like the US can do better in terms of crypto adoption

Republished by Plato



The interest in cryptocurrencies has been on the rise and the general awareness of the technology and its function as a digital asset has risen substantially in the past few years. While the United States has been open to innovation, the lack of regulatory clarity within the country has raised various concerns between people and businesses in crypto.

Whereas Asia has been enabling wide-spread adoption of cryptocurrency with countries like Japan and Hong Kong trying to form guidelines around cryptos. However, apart from the regulatory differences, the biggest difference could also be with regard to user behavior in these two regions.

Amber Group partner, Annabelle Huang, who recently appeared in Anthony Pompliano’s podcast stated that although the innovations were taking place in the United States of America, the greater chunk of adoption was coming from countries in Asia. The continent has also remained a hub for miners and crypto exchanges and according to Messari’s report, by the end of 2019 six out of ten of the largest cryptocurrency firms are located in Asia.

Huang noted:

“…The biggest difference is just the sentiment and the drive of people. I think in the States, just because there are a lot of regulatory constraints and concerns, people sometimes are more hesitant towards driving the business forward. But, in Asia, I think people are more eager to test things out, get things going on the ground. So, we do see a lot of early adoption in Asia.”

Asia has been a focal point for crypto adoption and nearly 42% of the market capitalization is based in the continent.

Source: Messari

The advantage Asia has been offering to new crypto projects is mainly due to the cultural mentality according to Huang who noted that:

“I think we see in Asia, in Korea and Japan, it is hard for people to find yield anywhere. […] Especially like, I guess, in Japan right, all the yields are negative and I think people are perhaps more inclined to find more opportunities and more acceptable to new things, so that’s why I think crypto adoption in Korea and Japan are highest among the world.”

Although China has remained apprehensive about cryptocurrencies, the country has been inching closer to launch its own Digital currency Electronic Payment [DCEP] system. As the market corrects itself, the coming changes in the market could also trigger changes in the sentiment across the globe about crypto, however, the regulations continue to remain in the gray area.

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Hathor opens doors for Bitcoin traders

Republished by Plato



KuCoin launches trading services for the trading pair HTR / BTC at 10:00 AM on March 2, 2021 (UTC).

The HTR / USDT trading pair is currently open for HTR.

HTR has also launched a grant program for projects that want to develop the Hathor ecosystem and contribute to the global adoption of blockchains.

Apply Now! #BuildOnHathor #HTR

Disclaimer: This article is a paid post and must not be considered as news/advice. 

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