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Preparing for the Digital Token Revolution Considerations & Guidelines for Policymakers & Practitioners Now Available for EEA and TTI Communities

One of the most striking developments in the blockchain ecosystem is the emergence of token technology platforms, which are offering transformative possibilities for government, business, and consumers. Blockchain technology will improve many aspects of our lives, much of which will be fueled through the distribution and use of digital tokens.

The post Preparing for the Digital Token Revolution Considerations & Guidelines for Policymakers & Practitioners Now Available for EEA and TTI Communities appeared first on Enterprise Ethereum Alliance.

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As part of the EEA’s strategic partnership with the Chamber of Digital Commerce, the Chamber has made its report, “Understanding Digital Tokens,” available to the EEA and TTI communities.

Below, the Chamber’s Founder and President Perianne Boring provides an overview of the report and the overall regulatory and market landscape of the token ecosystem.

Understanding Digital Tokens: An Overview by Perianne Boring

One of the most striking developments in the blockchain ecosystem is the emergence of token technology platforms, which are offering transformative possibilities for government, business, and consumers. Blockchain technology will improve many aspects of our lives, much of which will be fueled through the distribution and use of digital tokens.

Yet, the versatility of tokens has proved to be a challenge for regulators. The sheer number of unique characteristics that tokens may represent means that much work remains to be done to understand their potential and functionality. The way in which digital tokens operate is complex and can maintain multiple characteristics – from an investment contract, to something necessary for utilizing a digital platform, to a form of payment or exchange.

Simply put, a digital token can be a security, a currency, a commodity, property, or a hybrid of these characteristics. Some have even suggested that a token may start as one functionality, such as a security, and then shift and represent another, such as a commodity. When it comes to the regulatory treatment of a token, this versatility can be confusing.  Nevertheless, other countries are already recognizing the potential of this technology and developing regulatory systems to welcome it.

To address these issues, we established the Token Alliance, an initiative of the Chamber of Digital Commerce comprised of more than 400 industry leaders. Under the leadership of former SEC commissioner Paul Atkins and former CFTC Chair Jim Newsome, the Token Alliance has published a series of reports entitled, “Understanding Digital Tokens: Market Overviews & Guidelines for Policymakers & Practitioners,” which includes the following chapters.

  • Considerations and Guidelines for Securities and Non-Securities Tokens – describes securities tokens with corresponding guidelines related to the legal and regulatory frameworks that apply to them. It also details the application of the securities laws, regulations, and rules of the United States for the issuance and trading of tokenized securities. Provides guidelines for non-security token sponsors and token trading platforms for the generation and distribution of digital tokens to enable responsible governance and help to minimize fraud in the industry.
  • Market Overviews and Trends in Token Project Fundraising Events – presents economic and market trends, facts, and figures from 2013 to the present to better understand the scope of the growing token evolution.
  • Considerations and Guidelines for Anti-Money Laundering Compliance and Combatting the Financing of Terrorism – provides an overview of laws in the United States aimed at the prevention of money laundering and combatting the financing of terrorists, as well as the rules and regulations certain categories of businesses must follow to establish formal AML policies and practices. This section includes guidelines for token sponsors and token trading platforms to consider when crafting AML and CFT compliance programs.
  • Considerations and Guidelines for Consumer Protection – evaluates how consumer protection laws may apply to digital tokens, the potential scope of federal and state consumer protection authority, and guidelines to help token sponsors and token trading platforms avoid running afoul of consumer protection laws.
  • Considerations and Guidelines for Advancing Cyber Security – considers the substantial rise in the frequency and impact of cybersecurity breaches across industries and how these events have extended into the token economy. This section discusses cybersecurity considerations for permission-less blockchains, policy and regulatory considerations, and guidelines for advancing cybersecurity in a tokenized economy.
  • Global Legal Landscapes Governing Digital Tokens – an analysis of legal landscapes governing Australia, Canada, Gibraltar, Japan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, and the United States

It is important that regulations impacting tokenized networks and applications take into account their versatility, unique characteristics and benefits. It is equally important that the industry understands the regulatory considerations when building with blockchain technology.   The Chamber of Digital Commerce and Enterprise Ethereum Alliance recently announced a partnership to facilitate collaboration between the technology and policy communities. We hope you find these resources valuable and look forward to working with the EEA community to ensure we have predictable legal frameworks that support innovation and development in the blockchain technology ecosystem.

Join the Chamber at DC Blockchain Summit 2020, March 11-12, where featured panels will dig into token-related topics including “Token Jurisdiction: Deep Dive into SEC and CFTC Oversight” and “The Future of Money.”  View Understanding Digital Tokens and read more about the Token Alliance on the Chamber’s website.

Source: https://entethalliance.org/preparing-for-the-digital-token-revolution-considerations-guidelines-for-policymakers-practitioners-now-available-for-eea-and-tti-communities/

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Indian government cautious about crypto-adoption, CBDC is a possibility

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Indian traders and exchanges might be bullish about the crypto market, but the Indian  government doesn’t seem keen on rushing into the scene. At least, not until studying its homegrown fintech industry and the anti-Bitcoin protests in El Salvador.

Tracking global news

Indian finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman in a recent interview with Hindustan Times explained why the country seemed to be falling behind when it came to crypto adoption.

Though she admitted, El Salvador wasn’t “the best example,” Sitharaman said,

“You’d think common people don’t care about digital currency; but the public took to the streets against the move. It’s not a question of literacy or understanding – it’s also a question of to what extent this is a transparent currency; is it going to be a currency available for everyone?”

Sitharaman referred to CBDCs as a “legitimate” cryptocurrency and admitted there could be a “possibility,” in hat regard. She noted that India held the “strength of the technology” and acknowledged the need to formulate a Cabinet note. However, Sitharaman wondered if India was ready to follow El Salvador’s way.

Facts on the ground

Though accessibility is a pressing concern, more Indians have discovered crypto than perhaps expected.

Nischal Shetty, CEO of the Indian crypto exchange WazirX – a subsidiary of Binance Holdings – has stated that WazirX sign-ups from India’s tier-two and tier-three cities overtook those from tier-one cities this year. Even so, sign-ups from tier-one cities themselves saw a 2,375% rise. Furthermore, WazirX added one million users in April 2021 alone.

Adding to this, the cost of electricity and Internet data in India are relatively cheaper, which could boost both crypto trading and mining in the future. However, at the last count, there was only one Bitcoin ATM in the whole country.

As per data by Useful Tulips, which combined data from Paxful and LocalBitcoins, India saw transfers worth around $4,502,369 in the last two weeks.

Could anti-Bitcoin protests happen in India?

There is evidence to support both sides. India has a strong history of mass protests, with the farmers’ protests against the government’s agricultural laws being one such example. The 2016 demonetization of part of the country’s paper currency still haunts many, and Internet penetration is yet to cross 50%.

However, India also has the largest diaspora in the world, with approximately 18 million people living outside the country. Crypto innovation could lead to hundreds of millions of dollars being saved on remittance charges as money is sent across borders.

But for the time being, it seems India’s urban residents are more bullish about crypto than its government.

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Source: https://ambcrypto.com/indian-government-cautious-about-crypto-adoption-cbdc-is-a-possibility

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A Deep Dive Into The Bitcoin Wallets Of U.S Congress Members, And Why Bitcoiners Are Strongly Against Them

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A Deep Dive Into The Bitcoin Wallets Of U.S Congress Members, And Why Bitcoiners Are Strongly Against Them

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Key takeaways

  • U.S. Congress’ split disposition towards cryptocurrencies raises concerns among market participants.
  • Bitcoin proponent, James Loop goes digging into the financial disclosures of Congress members.
  • His findings revealed only three Congress members have ever disclosed that they hold Bitcoin.

The United States is a key base for innovation and adoption in the cryptocurrency industry. According to data from Crunchbase, there are at least 1,135 organizations founded in the U.S. that provide various cryptocurrency-related services.

Despite the broad adoption of the asset class by the country’s citizens, the government is still divided on opinions about the growing cryptocurrency industry. This can be seen in the U.S. Congress where members of Congress are split between those who support and those who do not support Bitcoin, the most prominent cryptocurrency.

This polarised disposition of Congress has been a pain point for Bitcoiners. Bitcoin market participants have pointed out several issues that emanate from the fact that there are still members of Congress who have not shown themselves to fully understand Bitcoin.

The sentiment is that Congress members who do not fully understand the asset, having not used it, should not be responsible for making laws about it. Additionally, market participants also think it will be a conflict of interest if members of Congress who oppose Bitcoin are found to be holding Bitcoin or if those who support it do not own any. 

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Jameson Lopp, the co-founder, and chief technology officer of Casa – a leading provider of Bitcoin self custody solutions, has gone digging into the United States Senate Financial Disclosures portal. The investigation was carried out to identify Congress members who have declared holdings of cryptocurrencies, and Bitcoin in particular, in their portfolios. 

His findings paint a dismal picture as the majority of the members of Congress who have been vocal in supporting Bitcoin have not held the asset at all according to their financial disclosures for the year ending 2020.

According to his findings, only 3 Congress members have disclosed that they own Bitcoin. The now-retired Representative Bob Goodlatte of Virginia was the first Congressman to disclose the ownership of Bitcoin, doing so in 2017 even before laws were passed to make disclosure mandatory. According to his disclosure, he owned between $1,000 and $15,000 of Bitcoin at the time.

Among currently seated Congress members, only Senators Cynthia Lummis and Pat Toomey have reported Bitcoin holdings in their portfolios in 2020. Senator  Lummis reported owning $100,000 – $250,000 of bitcoin in 2020 making up between 0.6% and 2.75% of her net worth. Similarly, Senator Pat Toomey reported purchasing $1,001 – $15,000 of GBTC in June 2021. The GBTC investment is between 0.01% and 0.7% of his net worth.

The sleuth however concedes that he did not have the time and resources to go through the financial disclosures of all 535 congressional members. Nonetheless, it is telling that of the ones he checked, even members of caucuses in Congress that are affiliated to cryptocurrency and members that have drafted bills that will provide clarity for the industry do not hold Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies as their financial disclosures show.

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Source: https://zycrypto.com/a-deep-dive-into-the-bitcoin-wallets-of-u-s-congress-members-and-why-bitcoiners-are-strongly-against-them/

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China Again? — Why The Crypto Market Lost Over $300 Billion In Hours And What To Expect

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China Reemphasizes It's Not Yet Done With Clamping Down On Bitcoin

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Key takeaways:

  • Crypto-market records over s$1 billion worth of Crypto liquidations in hours. 
  • Liquidated long positions significantly surpass shorts.
  • Fundamental factors pose serious threat to the market, but the road to recovery is near.

The crypto market has been hit with yet another massive liquidation. Within the last 24hrs, a whopping $1.03 billion worth of long and short positions have been liquidated, as reported by the aggregate derivative exchange platform ByBt.

When traders are long on a particular asset, they are simply gaining exposure to the cryptocurrency in question, in hopes that prices will surge significantly at a later time. It appears that a lot of investors were bullish on crypto for the most part, as long positions were significantly higher than shorts. Precisely $946.10 million worth of crypto was liquidated, while $6.56 million short positions were liquidated.

Liquidations usually take place in the crypto market when a trader’s leveraged position is forcefully sealed by an exchange when the trader’s initial margin is partially or totally lost. Futures and margin trading is usually where liquidation is common.

Many market pundits have warned against over-leverage, which they point to as the case of repeated liquidation. However, despite cryptocurrencies being high-risk due to the intense volatility, leveraging provides an opportunity for investors to generate significant profit. For this reason, liquidations are imminent.

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On a larger spectrum, the question at hand is how the market will be affected going forward. Although no one can accurately predict, recent events hint that the dip could go even deeper, no thanks to fundamental factors like the ongoing Evergrande crisis.

“The Hong Kong stock market plummeted, triggering a decline in global markets and cryptocurrencies. The main reason is Evergrande, China’s largest real estate company with nearly 2 trillion debts.” wrote Chinese journalist Colin Wu.

Thus far, leading assets like Bitcoin, Ether, Solana, Cardano, and many others have dropped in price value and are, at this time, still going downwards. Bitcoin has plummeted to $42,928. While losing more than 7% in value today. Ether, XRP, SOL, DOGE, and Cardano are likewise seeing an extensive decline.

In response to the dip, analysts have responded to their previous sentiments on Bitcoin especially, saying that the expected floor price for this month remains at $42,000 and that a bounce will follow a while later. Altcoin analysts are also keeping their fingers crossed to see how the next 24hrs play out before predicting the market’s trajectory.

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Source: https://zycrypto.com/china-again-why-the-crypto-market-lost-over-300-billion-in-hours-and-what-to-expect/

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