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How Companies can report ESG data effectively using Blockchain?

This article talks about the ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) score and SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) which are used by investors to decide if a company is worth putting their money or not and, I also talk about how the integration of Blockchain would be revolutionary in the reporting of ESG data considering the added […]

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This article talks about the ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) score and SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) which are used by investors to decide if a company is worth putting their money or not and, I also talk about how the integration of Blockchain would be revolutionary in the reporting of ESG data considering the added transparency, immutability and Digitization Blockchain adds to the system.

Environmental, Social and Governance factors (ESG)

ESG refers to the Environmental, Social and Governance factors used to evaluate a country or a company on how far advanced they are in sustainability.

  • Environmental factors include the contribution a company makes to climate change with cutting of green gas emissions, waste management and energy efficiency.
  • Social factors include labor rights in the supply chain of a company, human rights and general factors such as workplace safety and health. 
  • Governance refers to a set of rules or principles defining rights, responsibilities and expectations between different stakeholders in the governance of corporations. [1]

This score is used by investors to avoid companies that might pose a potential financial risk due to their environmental or other practices.
The world’s largest investor, BlackRock CEO Larry Fink raised the bar by calling on corporate CEOs for their companies to have a social purpose and to be mindful of the impact of their business on society. Moving forward, he said, BlackRock will be keeping a closer eye on how companies behave. [2]

Investors are looking more closely into the ESG funds which are portfolios of equities and/or bonds for which environmental, social and governance factors have been integrated into the investment process.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)

SDGs are 17 interconnected Sustainable Development Goals which, according to the UN are the blueprint to achieving a better and more sustainable future for all. 

Most of the rating agencies are now including these scores along with the usual metrics for the performance of the company which adds another major factor for the investors to consider while investing. This puts more pressure on the companies to report their sustainability practices and adopt more transparency in their system.

Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum, said in 2019: “We should embrace independent tracking tools for assessing progress under the Paris agreement and the SDGs and implement “stakeholder capitalism” by introducing an environmental, social, and governance (ESG) scorecard for businesses”.

Current Problems with ESG reporting

  • Data Reporting
    Investors are becoming more and more serious about the reporting of data about the ESG score. They wrote a letter to the SEC requesting them to develop a framework about the reporting of data concerning the ESG data.
    Companies are either reporting fragmented data or the data is of very limited use for the investors.
  • Data Accounting
    There is a serious problem with data accounting in companies regarding sustainability and governance which makes it difficult for the investors.
    This problem of data accounting is quite prominent in the supply chain of companies in which the data related to waste management is ignored or is fragmented.
    If the data related to ESG is not reported correctly by the company, then it’s ESG status is Unknown or Pending which means that the investors will be reluctant when investing in the company. 
  • Data Standards
    Most of the time the data reported by companies in regards to sustainability and governance does not meet the standards set by the authorities and this makes it difficult for them to calculate the ESG scores. Although the companies are reporting the data, it cannot be used by the investors as it does not comply with the standards and is basically useless. 

The London Stock Exchange Group’s characteristics of ESG investment-grade data

  • Accuracy: deploy rigorous data collection systems
  • Boundaries: align with the fiscal year and business ownership model
  • Comparability and Consistency: use consistent global standards to facilitate comparability
  • Data Provision: provide raw as well as normalized data
  • Timeliness: provide data to coincide with the annual reporting cycle
  • External Assurance: consider strengthening the credibility of data by having it assured
  • Balance: provide an objective view, including both favorable and unfavorable information [3]

How Blockchain aids in providing better ESG data?

  • Transparency
    With more transparency in the system of a company including the Supply Chain transparency, companies will be able to report the data concerning sustainability practices. This transparency can be achieved very easily with the integration of Blockchain in the supply chain of a company.
    Adding the Blockchain to the supply chain will aid in the integration of data which, as of now, is stored in data silos. With a common platform for all the entities on the supply chain, companies can provide complete transparent data.
    Also, the added transparency in the supply chain makes it easily auditable which adds to the credibility of the data because of the immutable nature of Blockchain technology.
  • Compliance
    Compliance with the government regulations regarding sustainability will aid in a better ESG score which in turn results in more investments. The use of technology is essential in the modern-day complex supply chain of companies.
    With the integration of Blockchain, AI, and IoT to monitor the operations of the supply chain, companies can assure better compliance. All the producer’s data can be uploaded on the Blockchain platform which eases the compliance process. 
  • Digitization of data
    Will all the data uploaded on the platform, the availability of data for the calculation of ESG score is fast and accurate. The data once uploaded on a Blockchain platform cannot be changed or deleted by anyone and with the upload of real-time data, the extraction becomes convenient and fast. [4] [5] [6]

QuillTrace, the right solution

QuillTrace is a Blockchain-based procurement platform by Quillhash which makes the supply chain of any business transparent, sustainable and secure with integrating with the existing Supply Chain systems. Using QuillTrace, companies can report their ESG data more transparently and with data formats complying with the Industry or International standards. With better data related to sustainability and governance about the company, their score increases which opens more avenues for the investors to look into.

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Source: https://blog.quillhash.com/2020/03/13/how-companies-can-report-esg-data-effectively-using-blockchain/

Blockchain

Kraken Daily Market Report for April 12 2021

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Overview


  • Total spot trading volume at $1.74 billion, up from the 30-day average of $1.34 billion.
  • Total futures notional at $555.7 million.
  • The top five traded coins were, respectively, Bitcoin, Tether, Ethereum, Ripple, and Cardano.
  • Strong returns from Uniswap (+25%) and Flow (+11%).

April 12, 2021 
 $1.74B traded across all markets today
 Crypto, EUR, USD, JPY, CAD, GBP, CHF, AUD 
XBT 
$59918. 
↓0.3% 
$641.7M
USDT 
$0.9994 
↑0.03% 
$317.0M
ETH 
$2135.2 
↓0.9% 
$216.1M
XRP 
$1.3753 
↑1.9% 
$126.6M
ADA 
$1.2994 
↑2.6% 
$84.1M
USDC 
$0.9999 
↑0.0% 
$46.7M
DOT 
$40.310 
↓2.6% 
$39.1M
LTC 
$245.33 
↓2.9% 
$34.7M
TRX 
$0.1331 
↑8.9% 
$33.3M
FLOW 
$37.468 
↑11% 
$30.6M
UNI 
$37.402 
↑25% 
$23.6M
FIL 
$166.62 
↓7.0% 
$18.9M
XLM 
$0.5751 
↓1.0% 
$18.6M
XDG 
$0.0712 
↓3.4% 
$17.9M
XMR 
$321.10 
↓2.8% 
$17.9M
LINK 
$32.707 
↓3.9% 
$12.3M
MANA 
$1.0822 
↑1.0% 
$11.5M
BCH 
$669.88 
↓3.0% 
$11.0M
SC 
$0.0266 
↓3.5% 
$9.87M
ALGO 
$1.4637 
↓4.1% 
$9.85M
GRT 
$2.0962 
↑9.6% 
$9.61M
AAVE 
$403.67 
↑8.4% 
$9.51M
ATOM 
$22.173 
↓5.6% 
$9.42M
KSM 
$428.66 
↓2.4% 
$9.33M
EOS 
$6.4521 
↓4.5% 
$7.34M
XTZ 
$6.2194 
↓3.5% 
$6.97M
ZEC 
$218.94 
↓1.5% 
$5.36M
DASH 
$277.71 
↓3.4% 
$4.59M
STORJ 
$2.4142 
↓0.7% 
$4.51M
DAI 
$0.9994 
↓0.03% 
$4.08M
COMP 
$446.04 
↓3.0% 
$3.75M
SNX 
$19.596 
↑3.0% 
$3.13M
ICX 
$2.6855 
↑4.2% 
$3.06M
OMG 
$9.6585 
↑0.3% 
$2.8M
BAT 
$1.4119 
↓2.1% 
$2.57M
KAVA 
$6.5938 
↓5.9% 
$2.53M
OCEAN 
$1.6560 
↓3.6% 
$2.42M
QTUM 
$14.663 
↓1.9% 
$2.27M
CRV 
$3.0164 
↓3.2% 
$2.18M
ANT 
$10.697 
↓4.6% 
$1.93M
NANO 
$5.6921 
↑1.4% 
$1.91M
KNC 
$3.5034 
↓4.6% 
$1.86M
YFI 
$42840. 
↓5.2% 
$1.68M
ETC 
$19.193 
↓5.8% 
$1.44M
OXT 
$0.7723 
↓3.9% 
$1.43M
WAVES 
$15.288 
↓2.2% 
$1.35M
REP 
$47.281 
↓4.1% 
$1.27M
LSK 
$6.4095 
↓6.1% 
$1.09M
KEEP 
$0.7189 
↓4.0% 
$1.07M
EWT 
$16.354 
↓4.3% 
$768K
MLN 
$85.518 
↓4.3% 
$674K
PAXG 
$1741.0 
↓1.0% 
$663K
BAL 
$51.182 
↓1.2% 
$600K
REPV2 
$46.957 
↓4.2% 
$367K
GNO 
$172.93 
↓0.03% 
$292K
TBTC 
$60697. 
↓0.8% 
$50.2K



#####################. Trading Volume by Asset. ##########################################

Trading Volume by Asset


The figures below break down the trading volume of the largest, mid-size, and smallest assets. Cryptos are in purple, fiats are in blue. For each asset, the chart contains the daily trading volume in USD, and the percentage of the total trading volume. The percentages for fiats and cryptos are treated separately, so that they both add up to 100%.

Figure 1: Largest trading assets: trading volume (measured in USD) and its percentage of the total trading volume (April 12 2021)



Figure 2: Mid-size trading assets: (measured in USD) (April 12 2021)



Figure 3: Smallest trading assets: (measured in USD) (April 12 2021)



#####################. Spread %. ##########################################

Spread %


Spread percentage is the width of the bid/ask spread divided by the bid/ask midpoint. The values are generated by taking the median spread percentage over each minute, then the average of the medians over the day.

Figure 4: Average spread % by pair (April 12 2021)



.


#########. Returns and Volume ############################################

Returns and Volume


Figure 5: Returns of the four highest volume pairs (April 12 2021)


Figure 6: Volume of the major currencies and an average line that fits the data to a sinusoidal curve to show the daily volume highs and lows (April 12 2021)



###########. Daily Returns. #################################################

Daily Returns %


Figure 7: Returns over USD and XBT. Relative volume and return size is indicated by the size of the font. (April 12 2021)



###########. Disclaimer #################################################

The values generated in this report are from public market data distributed from Kraken WebSockets api. The total volumes and returns are calculated over the reporting day using UTC time.

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://blog.kraken.com/post/8612/kraken-daily-market-report-for-april-12-2021/

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Blockchain

Bitcoin Prepares For its Next Move: Where is the 100 SMA, the Key BTC Level?

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Bitcoin price is consolidating above the $59,500 support zone against the US Dollar. BTC is now showing a few positive signs, but it must clear $61,200 for a fresh rally in the near term.

  • Bitcoin is holding gains above the $60,000 and $59,500 support levels.
  • The price is now trading well above the $59,500 level and the 100 hourly simple moving average.
  • There is a key bullish trend line forming with support near $59,400 on the hourly chart of the BTC/USD pair (data feed from Kraken).
  • The pair is likely to start a sharp upward move once it clears the $60,800 and $61,200 levels.

Bitcoin Price is Showing Positive Signs

Bitcoin remained in a range above the $59,000 level and it is showing a few positive signs. Recently, BTC made another attempt to clear the $61,200 resistance, but it failed.

It corrected lower and retested the $59,500 support level. A low is formed near $59,432 and the price is now moving higher. It is also trading well above the $59,500 level and the 100 hourly simple moving average.

There was a break above the 50% Fib retracement level of the recent decline from the $61,212 high to $59,432 low. There is also a key bullish trend line forming with support near $59,400 on the hourly chart of the BTC/USD pair.

Bitcoin Price

Source: BTCUSD on TradingView.com

Bitcoin is now trading above $60,400, but it is facing resistance near $60,800. It is close to the 76.4% Fib retracement level of the recent decline from the $61,212 high to $59,432 low.

A successful break above the $60,800 level could open the doors for a move above $61,200. If the bulls succeed in clearing $61,200, the price could rally in the coming sessions.

Dips Limited in BTC?

If bitcoin fails to climb above $60,800 and $61,200, there could be a short-term downside correction. An initial support on the downside is near the $60,000 level.

The main support is now forming near the trend line, $59,500 and the 100 hourly simple moving average. If the bulls fail to protect the 100 hourly SMA, there could be a major decline. In this case, the price might decline towards the $58,000 level.

Technical indicators:

Hourly MACD – The MACD is now gaining momentum in the bullish zone.

Hourly RSI (Relative Strength Index) – The RSI for BTC/USD is now well above the 50 level.

Major Support Levels – $59,500, followed by $59,000.

Major Resistance Levels – $60,800, $61,200 and $62,000.

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://www.newsbtc.com/analysis/btc/bitcoin-prepares-for-next-move-61k/

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Blockchain

USDT, USDC, and BUSD represent 93% of stablecoin market cap

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Research from on-chain analytics provider Glassnode has revealed that the top three stablecoins represent more than 90% of the sector’s entire market cap.

Glassnode’s April 13 “Week On-chain” report found that the top three stablecoins — Tether (USDT), USD Coin (USDC), and Binance USD (BUSD) — have seen significant growth over the past six months to represent a combined capitalization of more than $60 billion, equal to 92.75% of the stablecoin market.

By contrast, six months ago the combined stablecoin capitalization for those three was less than one-third of its current levels at $19.2 billion. This time last year, stablecoins were worth just $7 billion combined.

The analysis compared the growth of stablecoins with Bitcoin’s market cap, identifying a clear correlation between the two. The report also found that USDT’s supply has continued to increase during recent weeks despite BTC trending sideways, whereas growth for USDC and BUSD has slowed.

BTC market cap vs stablecoin supply: Glassnode

The report notes historic lows for its Stablecoin Supply Ratio (SSR) metric, which measures Bitcoin’s market cap relative to the total stablecoin supply to estimate the global “buying power” of the stablecoin sector.

When BTC prices are low, the supply of stablecoins can buy a larger portion of it to push prices up. Conversely, as prices increase the available stablecoins can purchase less which reduces the influence on prices. Glassnode concluded:

“The growth of stablecoin supplies throughout 2020-21 has held the SSR metric near historical lows suggesting a relatively high buying power of digitally native dollars. The demand for digital dollars appears to be keeping pace with demand for Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies as a whole.”

Tether’s market cap has over doubled since the beginning of 2021 to currently sit at a record $45.6 billion, according to the Tether transparency report. Circle’s website reported an all-time high of $11.5 billion USDC on April 9, while Goingecko estimated BUSD’s supply to be $5.1 billion on April 13.

On April 7, Circle CEO Jeremy Allaire predicted its USDC stablecoin could soon surpass PayPal by settlement value.

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://cointelegraph.com/news/usdt-usdc-and-busd-represent-93-of-stablecoin-market-cap

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