Connect with us

Blockchain

Germanys COVID-19 contacts tracing app to link to labs for test result notification

A German research institute that’s involved in developing a COVID-19 contacts tracing app with the backing of the national government has released some new details about the work, which suggests the app is being designed as more of a “one-stop shop” to manage coronavirus impacts at an individual level, rather than having a sole function […]

The post Germanys COVID-19 contacts tracing app to link to labs for test result notification first appeared on Blockchain Consultants.

Published

on

A German research institute that’s involved in developing a COVID-19 contacts tracing app with the backing of the national government has released some new details about the work, which suggests the app is being designed as more of a “one-stop shop” to manage coronavirus impacts at an individual level, rather than having a sole function of alerting users to potential infection risk.

Work on the German app began at the start of March, per the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft institute, with initial funding from the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the Federal Ministry of Health funding a feasibility study.

In a PDF published today, the research organization reveals the government-backed app will include functionality for health authorities to directly notify users about a COVID-19 test result if they’ve opted in to get results this way.

It says the system must ensure only people who test positive for the virus make their measurement data available to avoid incorrect data being input. For the purposes of “this validation process,” it envisages “a digital connection to the existing diagnostic laboratories is implemented in the technical implementation.”

“App users can thus voluntarily activate this notification function and thus be informed more quickly and directly about their test results,” it writes in the press release (which we’ve translated from German with Google Translate) — arguing that such direct digital notification of tests results will mean that no “valuable time” is lost to curb the spread of the virus.

Governments across Europe are scrambling to get Bluetooth-powered contacts tracing apps off the ground, with apps also in the works from a number of other countries, including the U.K. and France, despite ongoing questions over the efficacy of digital contacts tracing versus such an infectious virus.

The great hope is that digital tools will offer a route out of economically crippling population lockdowns by providing a way to automate at least some contacts tracing — based on widespread smartphone penetration and the use of Bluetooth-powered device proximity as a proxy for coronavirus exposure.

Preventing a new wave of infections as lockdown restrictions are lifted is the near-term goal. Although — in line with Europe’s rights frameworks — use of contacts tracing apps looks set to be voluntary across most of the region, with governments wary about being seen to impose “health surveillance” on citizens, as has essentially happened in China.

However if contacts tracing apps end up larded with features that are deep linking into national health systems, that raises questions about how optional their use will really be.

An earlier proposal by a German consortium of medical device manufacturers, laboratories, clinics, clinical data management systems and blockchain solution providers — proposing a blockchain-based Digital Corona Health Certificate, which was touted as being able to generate “verifiable, certified test results that can be fed into any tracing app” to cut down on false positives — claimed to have backing from the City of Cologne’s public health department, as one example of potential function creep.

In March, Der Spiegel also reported on a large-scale study being coordinated by the Helmholtz Center for Infection Research in Braunschweig, to examine antibody levels to try to determine immunity across the population. Germany’s Robert Koch Institute (RKI) was reportedly involved in that study — and has been a key operator in the national contacts tracing push.

Both RKI and the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft institute are also involved in parallel German-led pan-EU standardization efforts for COVID-19 contacts tracing apps (called PEPP-PT) that’s been the leading voice for apps to centralize proximity data with governments/health authorities, rather than storing it on users’ device and performing risk processing locally.

As we reported earlier, PEPP-PT and its government backers appear to be squaring up for a battle with Apple over iOS restrictions on Bluetooth.

PEPP-PT bases its claim of being a “privacy-preserving” standard on not backing protocols or apps that use location data or mobile phone numbers — with only arbitrary (but pseudonymized) proximity IDs shared for the purpose of tracking close encounters between devices and potential coronavirus infections.

It has claimed it’s agnostic between centralization of proximity data versus decentralization, though so far the only protocol it’s publicly committed to is a centralized one.

Yet, at the same time, regional privacy experts, the EU parliament and even the European Commission have urged national governments to practice data minimization and decentralized when it comes to COVID-19 contacts tracing in order to boost citizen trust by shrinking associated privacy risks.

If apps are voluntary, citizens’ trust must be earned not assumed, is the key argument. Without substantial uptake the utility of digital contacts tracing seems doubtful.

Apple and Google have also come down on the decentralized side of this debate — outting a joint effort last week for an API and later opt-in system-wide contacts tracing. The first version of their API is slated to be in developers’ hands next week.

Meanwhile, a coalition of nearly 300 academics signed an open letter at the start of this week warning that centralized systems risked surveillance creep — voicing support for decentralized protocols, such as DP-3T: Another contact tracing protocol that’s being developed by a separate European coalition which has been highly critical of PEPP-PT.

And while PEPP-PT claimed recently to have seven governments signed up to its approach, and 40 more in the pipeline, at least two of the claimed EU supporters (Switzerland and Spain) had actually said they will use a decentralized approach.

The coalition has also been losing support from a number of key research institutions which had initially backed its push for a “privacy-preserving” standard, as controversy around its intent and lack of transparency has grown.

Nonetheless, the two biggest EU economies, Germany and France, appear to be digging in behind a push to centralize proximity data — putting Apple in their sights.

Bloomberg reported earlier this week that the French government is pressurizing Apple to remove Bluetooth restrictions for its COVID-19 contacts tracing app which also relies on a “trusted authority” running a central server (we’ve covered the French ROBERT protocol in detail here).

It’s possible Germany and France are sticking to their centralized guns because of wider plans to pack more into these contacts tracing apps than simply Bluetooth-powered alerts — as suggested by the Fraunhofer document.

Access to data is another likely motivator.

“Only if research can access sufficiently valid data it is possible to create forecasts that are the basis for planning further steps against are the spread of the virus,” the institute goes on. (Though, as we’ve written before, the DP-3T decentralized protocol sets out a path for users to opt in to share proximity data for research purposes.)

Another strand that’s evident from the Fraunhofer PDF is sovereignty.

“Overall, the approach is based on the conviction that the state healthcare system must have sovereignty over which criteria, risk calculations, recommendations for action and feedback are in one such system,” it writes, adding: “In order to achieve the greatest possible usability on end devices on the market, technical cooperation with the targeted operating system providers, Google and Apple, is necessary.”

Apple and Google did not respond to requests for comment on whether they will be making any changes to their API as a result of French and German pressure.

Fraunhofer further notes that “full compatibility” between the German app and the centralized one being developed by French research institutes Inria and Inserm was achieved in the “past few weeks” — underlining that the two nations are leading this particular contacts tracing push.

In related news this week, Europe’s Data Protection Board (EDPB) put out guidance for developers of contacts tracing apps, which stressed an EU legal principle related to processing personal data that’s known as purpose limitation — warning that apps need to have purposes “specific enough to exclude further processing for purposes unrelated to the management of the COVID-19 health crisis (e.g., commercial or law enforcement purposes)”.

Which sounds a bit like the regulator drawing a line in the sand to warn states that might be tempted to turn contacts tracing apps into coronavirus immunity passports.

The EDPB also urged that “careful consideration” be given to data minimisation and data protection by design and by default — two other key legal principles baked into Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation, albeit with some flex during a public health emergency.

However the regulatory body took a pragmatic view on the centralization vs decentralization debate — saying both approaches are “viable” in a contacts tracing context, with the key caveat that “adequate security measures” must be in place.

Source: https://blockchainconsultants.io/germanys-covid-19-contacts-tracing-app-to-link-to-labs-for-test-result-notification/

Blockchain

Cardano must remain above this level to revive from current lows or else…

Published

on

Cardano, following the lead of Bitcoin and Ethereum was falling today. In fact, in some ways, the third-generation coin has been following the second-generation coin. ADA’s price movement has been imitating ETH’s price action. It is important to consider what this means for the investors. We know they are hit by losses but how bad is that hit? Can they recover from it?

Cardano following Ethereum?

The coin has seen a consistent price fall in the same 5 day period as Ethereum did, falling by 15.08% at press time. At $2.12, things do not look good for ADA holders.

Cardano’s 15.08% drop | Source: TradingView – AMBCrypto

Those who bought ADA for around $2.41, are presently struggling to sell their holdings. As mentioned due to the price falling to $2.14 these people are dealing in losses. At the moment they represent 67% of all ADA investors.

The addresses in profits did not suffer much, however, but those at break-even did. These addresses went into losses and the total number of addresses in loss rose by 4%.

4% Cardano addresses move into losses | Source: Intotheblock – AMBCrypto

These losses further led to the average balance on every Cardano holders’ address dropping from $40k to $37k.

Cardano addresses’ average balance falls | Source: Intotheblock – AMBCrypto

So are there any hopes of recovery?

Hopes of recovery are alive but for that Cardano will have to maintain its strength somehow. Already its correlation to Bitcoin has dropped to 0.71. 

But that hasn’t stopped bullish investors from trying to gain as much profit as possible. The market books show a 16 million ADA worth $34.2 million higher demand for buying even during such a market.

Cardano continues to be bought | Source: Intotheblock – AMBCrypto

At present, $2 is the immediate and critical support. To minimize losses Cardano must remain above it as a fall from it could lead to further downfall.

Where to Invest?

Subscribe to our newsletter

PlatoAi. Web3 Reimagined. Data Intelligence Amplified.

Click here to access.

Source: https://ambcrypto.com/cardano-must-remain-above-this-level-to-revive-from-current-lows-or-else

Continue Reading

Blockchain

Webcams Site, BongaCams, Becomes Next Major Player to Accept Dogecoin

Published

on

The success and popularity of the cryptocurrency asset, Dogecoin, continues to trend upward as BongaCams has just become the next on a growing list of market-leading companies announcing their adoption of the digital currency as a payment option.  Dogecoin, now the world’s 8th largest digital asset, is surging once again and continues to enjoy support from investors and celebrities alike, including Tesla CEO Elon Musk, who has tweeted favorable comments about the currency on multiple occasions, even calling Dogecoin the “future currency of Earth.”

BongaCams, the biggest webcam site on the web, and recipient of multiple industry awards, has formally announced that they will be the next major name to begin accepting Dogecoin.  BongaCams has built a reputation for being closely aligned to the needs of their customers and the company has made extensive efforts to provide an accessibility experience that is fast, easy, and comfortable.  When it came to offering payment options that customers wanted BongaCams couldn’t ignore all that DogeCoin had to offer in terms of fast and anonymous payment options for their customers, and broad market acceptance.

And what’s not to love about Dogecoin?  After soaring 15,000% in value and reaching a market cap of $88 billion, the cryptocurrency has built one of the largest and most active communities in the cryptocurrency world and is now considered a great alternative for payment options.  Dogecoin’s popularity along with the abundant praise from research analysts who expect the ascent to continue have helped Dogecoin succeed where other cryptocurrency coins have struggled.

For those interested in using Dogecoin as a payment option – BongaCams offers wide array of helpful resources and exchange services with instructions on how to easily purchase Dogecoin online.
Do not miss your chance to be The First to try!


Click here for Free Trial.
Source: https://www.livebitcoinnews.com/webcams-site-bongacams-becomes-next-major-player-to-accept-dogecoin/>

Continue Reading

Blockchain

XRP, EOS, Chainlink Price Analysis: 20 September

Published

on

Broader crypto market sentiments remained quite bearish over the last 24 hours. The likes of XRP, EOS and Chainlink registered substantial losses.

XRP was trading below a dollar’s mark after over a month’s time. EOS lost 15.4% of its valuation and inched closer to its immediate support level. Lastly, Chainlink declined by 13.5% and was oversold after a gap of multiple months in between. 

XRP

XRP, EOS and Chainlink Price Analysis: 20 September

XRP/USD, TradingView

XRP depreciated 14.6% over the last 24 hours and was trading at $0.90. Immediate support level for the coin was at $0.77. 

Technical outlook suggested negative price action. MACD displayed red bars on the histograms. The Relative Strength Index was near the 20-mark indicating that XRP was oversold. Bollinger Bands diverged, suggesting that price volatility might be on the rise.

Conversely, if XRP’s buying pressure finds its way back, then the first resistance point stands at $1.06. Other price ceilings awaited the alt at $1.20 and $1.31 respectively. 

EOS

XRP, EOS and Chainlink Price Analysis: 20 September

EOS/USD, TradingView

EOS recorded a 15.4% fall over the last 24 hours and was trading at $4.26. The token had last traded around this price level over a month ago. A dip below the current price level could push EOS to trade at $3.90 support line. 

On the four-hour chart, the price of EOS was below the 20-SMA line. This reading meant that momentum belonged with the sellers. The Relative Strength Index was positioned inside the oversold territory.

Chaikin Money Flow was below the half-line as capital inflows also declined. MACD displayed red bars on the histogram. On the flipside, the first resistance mark for the coin was at $4.54. Additional price ceilings were at $5.10 and $5.48. 

Chainlink (LINK)

XRP, EOS and Chainlink Price Analysis: 20 September

LINK/USD, TradingView

Chainlink was priced at $24.07 after it plunged by 13.5% over the last 24 hours. Immediate support line was at $22.50, a price level it last touched on 11 August. The price of LINK was seen below the four-hour 20-SMA, indicating that price momentum belonged to the sellers. 

The Relative Strength Index was on a multi-month low. It was parked near the 20-mark signifying an oversold state. Awesome Oscillator displayed red signal bars. MACD flashed red bars on the histogram. 

In the event of a price reversal, LINK’s immediate resistance was at $27.78. Other resistance lines awaited LINK at $32.37 and $35.83.

Where to Invest?

Subscribe to our newsletter

PlatoAi. Web3 Reimagined. Data Intelligence Amplified.

Click here to access.

Source: https://ambcrypto.com/xrp-eos-chainlink-price-analysis-20-september

Continue Reading
Uncategorized5 days ago

Wicked Craniums are now Nifty Gateway!

Uncategorized5 days ago

Acorns Hires Former Amazon Executive as President, Hints at Crypto Options

Uncategorized4 days ago

Swissquote Confirms European Expansion Plan, Focusing on Crypto

Uncategorized5 days ago

Head of Australian Crypto Exchange Says Regulations Are Beneficial

Blockchain5 days ago

Biggest Crypto Adoption Rumours: Apple, Amazon, and Walmart

Blockchain5 days ago

The Signal and the Noise

Blockchain4 days ago

Massive NFT and Token Giveaway from Polker as Staking is Announced!

News5 days ago

Evaluating Credit Card Debt Relief Options

Uncategorized4 days ago

Bingbon Launches its Carbon Free and Afforestation Project

Uncategorized4 days ago

Nickelodeon All-Star Brawl will include DLC fighters post-launch

Blockchain5 days ago

What’s Behind Elrond (EGLD) Daily Surges?

News4 days ago

Gods Unchained and Guild of Guardians Layer 2 Solution Immutable Raises $60 Million

Blockchain5 days ago

Public.com Inks Deal with NFL Star to Advise on Financial Literacy Programs

Blockchain2 days ago

Over 40 days after Ethereum’s EIP-1559, here’s where it stands

Uncategorized5 days ago

This needs to happen before Peter Schiff will buy Bitcoin (BTC)

Blockchain5 days ago

Venture Firm Raises $350 Million to Double Down on Its Cryptocurrency Involvement

Blockchain4 days ago

Opensea NFT marketplace Accuses Senior Employee of Insider Trading

Blockchain4 days ago

Grab a spot in Tomi’s presale by bagging an NFT – 260+ ETH raised!

Blockchain4 days ago

Kanga Exchange Partners with Tenset for an Exclusive Public Sale of KNG Token

Blockchain5 days ago

Cardano’s Successful Alonzo Upgrade Sees PolyMarket Lose Bet

Trending