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Decentralized Data Firm Wants to Take on Fake News

The Graph, a decentralized finance data company built on Ethereum, has an idea for winning the fight against misinformation online.

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In brief

  • The Graph, a company that helps dapps get easier access to on-chain data, has an idea for combating fake news.
  • It involves creating a data feed for facts and figures that can then be accessed via an un-alterable blockchain.
  • But biases still exist and could prove to be a problem.

Decentralized finance data company The Graph is working to fight fake news. 

The Graph, a San Francisco-based company that organizes information on the Ethereum blockchain so dapps can have easy access to it, said in a blog post today that it is working on making public data available to all—and that this will help combat fake news. 

How does it work? It’s complex stuff, but The Graph says the idea is that people would be able to rely on “a global data source that was auditable for news, events, content, financial data and information sharing.”

Right now, a lot of data is guarded and difficult to easily access and make sense of. Market data, for example, is held by a handful of top organizations such as Bloomberg and Reuters, who have the resources to collect, analyze, and disseminate that data—for a hefty price. 

The Graph wants to change this by making a shared global application programming interface (API) that is “accessible to all and curated by the community” (anyone wanting to get involved or use The Graph’s services), in turn preventing a “privileged group” from having control over public data.

It has some experience with this. Founded in 2018, the company works to give developers the ability to request specific blockchain data that is hard to access. Its clients include Synthetix, Uniswap, and Aragon.

Eva Beylin, the author of the post, used the example of the Ukraine International Airlines Boeing 737 that was shot down in January by the Iranian military. She wrote that when first trying to piece together what had happened, there was a lot of conflicting information online. 

The Graph wants to change this by making it possible to put auditable data online—on a blockchain—so it “can’t be misconstrued.” 

She argued this would stop false data being shared because cryptographic proofs would provide security and certainty about where data originally came from and because timestamps cannot be altered or faked—something that has led to problems in the past with verification. 

But despite the good intentions and high-tech solutions, Beylin said that human biases would be difficult to change. “Human desire to drive conclusions in our favor also isn’t going to necessarily change, even if we verify all sources,” she wrote. “Politicians promote propaganda, companies withhold data, journalists cherry pick facts. Despite warnings of inconvenient untruths, we often still trust our biases.” 

Moreover, Beylin added that it may also be difficult to verify whether “on-chain commitments are truthful in the first place.” In other words: garbage in, garbage out. 

All of which inserts doubt into the original proposition. If people, not protocols, are the problem, how does another protocol help?

Tegan Kline, who heads up business development at The Graph, told Decrypt: “I think that with the internet, information came so freely and quickly that we do not know what to believe anymore and question everything.”

She continued: “Prior to, information was cited and it was much more difficult to have fake news…If we get back to citing sources and actually being able to know where information comes from via blockchain technology, we can restore faith in information during the Internet age.”

Source: https://decrypt.co/41363/decentralized-data-firm-wants-take-fake-news

Blockchain

Kraken Daily Market Report for February 27 2021

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Overview


  • Total spot trading volume at $1.43 billion, down from the 30-day average of $2.1 billion.
  • Total futures notional at $388.7 million.
  • The top five traded coins were, respectively, Bitcoin, Cardano, Ethereum, Tether, and Polkadot.
  • Strong returns from Cardano (+12%), Algorand (+12%), and Polkadot (+11%).

February 27, 2021 
 $1.43B traded across all markets today
 Crypto, EUR, USD, JPY, CAD, GBP, CHF, AUD 
XBT 
$47003. 
↑1.4% 
$445.1M
ADA 
$1.3931 
↑12% 
$387.5M
ETH 
$1475.3 
↑2.1% 
$222.3M
USDT 
$1.0003 
↑0.02% 
$131.7M
DOT 
$34.820 
↑11% 
$103.0M
USDC 
$0.9999 
↑0.0% 
$26.8M
LINK 
$26.326 
↑4.6% 
$23.4M
LTC 
$173.66 
↑1.9% 
$22.5M
XRP 
$0.4446 
↑3.8% 
$21.8M
XLM 
$0.4365 
↑8.7% 
$21.6M
ALGO 
$1.0888 
↑12% 
$10.6M
ATOM 
$19.947 
↑5.4% 
$9.11M
XDG 
$0.0500 
↓0.9% 
$8.72M
UNI 
$23.479 
↑1.6% 
$8.25M
BCH 
$490.82 
↑1.2% 
$7.79M
KSM 
$230.39 
↑6.5% 
$6.77M
XMR 
$215.72 
↑5.5% 
$6.53M
XTZ 
$3.6639 
↑5.4% 
$5.41M
FLOW 
$20.012 
↑1.3% 
$5.13M
GRT 
$1.7118 
↓1.2% 
$4.08M
DASH 
$216.23 
↑4.7% 
$3.95M
AAVE 
$337.48 
↑4.1% 
$3.89M
EOS 
$3.7541 
↑5.7% 
$3.27M
TRX 
$0.0473 
↑4.7% 
$2.97M
YFI 
$32452. 
↑4.2% 
$2.76M
SNX 
$19.217 
↑6.6% 
$2.54M
QTUM 
$5.3802 
↑3.8% 
$2.51M
BAT 
$0.5291 
↑0.4% 
$2.18M
DAI 
$1.0009 
↑0.0% 
$2.16M
FIL 
$37.896 
↑7.9% 
$2.12M
OMG 
$4.5904 
↑3.3% 
$2.09M
NANO 
$5.2985 
↑2.9% 
$1.92M
SC 
$0.0100 
↑1.6% 
$1.91M
ICX 
$1.5462 
↑4.0% 
$1.8M
OXT 
$0.4816 
↑5.1% 
$1.5M
WAVES 
$9.8523 
↑3.1% 
$1.44M
ZEC 
$122.20 
↑3.3% 
$1.21M
COMP 
$416.39 
↑4.5% 
$1.16M
CRV 
$2.0184 
↑4.9% 
$1.06M
LSK 
$3.0572 
↑1.5% 
$990K
KEEP 
$0.3181 
↑3.4% 
$932K
MANA 
$0.2537 
↑1.7% 
$894K
KAVA 
$3.6796 
↑3.3% 
$847K
KNC 
$1.7402 
↑7.1% 
$583K
ETC 
$11.270 
↑5.0% 
$564K
REP 
$31.950 
↓0.4% 
$557K
STORJ 
$0.6360 
↑9.2% 
$507K
ANT 
$4.1877 
↑1.6% 
$497K
PAXG 
$1747.2 
↓0.04% 
$476K
BAL 
$37.645 
↑6.4% 
$383K
REPV2 
$27.355 
↑5.2% 
$221K
MLN 
$36.848 
↓1.1% 
$210K
GNO 
$126.07 
↑2.1% 
$160K
TBTC 
$49741. 
↑0.3% 
$155K


#####################. Trading Volume by Asset. ##########################################

Trading Volume by Asset


The figures below break down the trading volume of the largest, mid-size, and smallest assets. Cryptos are in purple, fiats are in blue. For each asset, the chart contains the daily trading volume in USD, and the percentage of the total trading volume. The percentages for fiats and cryptos are treated separately, so that they both add up to 100%.

Figure 1: Largest trading assets: trading volume (measured in USD) and its percentage of the total trading volume (February 27 2021)

Figure 2: Mid-size trading assets: (measured in USD) (February 27 2021)

Figure 3: Smallest trading assets: (measured in USD) (February 27 2021)


#####################. Spread %. ##########################################

Spread %


Spread percentage is the width of the bid/ask spread divided by the bid/ask midpoint. The values are generated by taking the median spread percentage over each minute, then the average of the medians over the day.

Figure 4: Average spread % by pair (February 27 2021)



.


#########. Returns and Volume ############################################

Returns and Volume


Figure 5: Returns of the four highest volume pairs (February 27 2021)


Figure 6: Volume of the major currencies and an average line that fits the data to a sinusoidal curve to show the daily volume highs and lows (February 27 2021)



###########. Daily Returns. #################################################

Daily Returns %


Figure 7: Returns over USD and XBT. Relative volume and return size is indicated by the size of the font. (February 27 2021)



###########. Disclaimer #################################################

The values generated in this report are from public market data distributed from Kraken WebSockets api. The total volumes and returns are calculated over the reporting day using UTC time.

Source: https://blog.kraken.com/post/8076/kraken-daily-market-report-for-february-27-2021/

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Inverse Finance seizes tokens, ships code: Launches stablecoin lending protocol

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Shortly after culling its community of inactive members, one of decentralized finance’s (DeFi) strangest experiments is launching a new stablecoin lending product.

On Wednesday Inverse Finance revealed the Anchor Protocol, a money market built around DOLA, a protocol-native synthetic stablecoin. Based on “a modified fork of Compound,” in a blog post Inverse Finance founder Nour Haridy compares Anchor to Synthetix, which issues credit in the form of synthetic assets back by overleveraged collateral, and Compound, which issues credit in the form of crypto asset loans also backed by overleveraged collateral.

Ultimately, Haridy sees these models as providing the same utility.

“Lending and synthetic protocols both offer the same service: credit. Anchor brings the gap between them by combining them into a unified borrowing protocol.”

Anchor aims to accomplish this with a unique architecture that always treats the DOLA token as “$1 collateral that can be used to borrow other assets regardless of DOLA’s market conditions or peg.” Users deposit collateral, mint DOLA, and then can use DOLA to take out loans in other crypto assets or simply earn yield on DOLA. 

“For over-collateralized borrowers and leveraged traders, we offer them a one stop shop where they can share their collaterals across their synthetic and token borrowing positions, allowing higher capital efficiency and higher leverage,” says Haridy.

Haridy envisions Anchor will use DOLA for protocol-to-protocol lending similar to Cream’s Iron Bank, for undercollateralized lending (long a prize in DeFi), and for the protocol to “lend itself” credit to pursue yield farming opportunities.

No dead weight

Perhaps more interesting than Inverse’s development at the protocol layer are the moves they made earlier in the week at the governance layer. 

In what may be a DeFi governance first, On Saturday Feb. 20, Inverse community members put forth two governance proposals to seize INV — Inverse’s currently non-transferrable governance token — from inactive community members. On Thursday Feb. 25, the proposals passed, and not everyone was happy with the result.

Haridy says that the timing was intentional — right as Anchor, a protocol that might generate revenue for the DAO, prepares to launch, the community sheds freeloaders. 

“We needed to weed out our dead weight to reclaim some tokens for re-distribution to new active members soon. We also created an INV grants committee with the power to reward contributors and add new members to the DAO. Additionally, when free riders are removed, active members become more incentivized to contribute because they get a larger piece of the pie.”

While the unprecedented move may seem harsh, it’s also simply applying to governance the kind of aggressive style that put Inverse Finance on the map in the first place. By forcing token holders to participate under the threat of seized tokens, it’s helped with the development of Anchor as well. 

“This is a collaborative effort among many DAO members starting from ideation to development to internal reviews and testing,” says Haridy.

The next step for Inverse will be getting Anchor off the ground, and preparing for a world in which INV becomes tradable. Haridy says there’s a growing consensus in the community for tradability. This would mean that the DAO would give up the power to seize tokens, which could alter Inverse’s community landscape.

Haridy, however, seems unfazed by the looming shifts, already preparing the next innovation.

“This will significantly change the existing incentives and may reduce participation. Fortunately, there’s some work on a new alternative governance model that’s been happening internally to address this problem.”

Source: https://cointelegraph.com/news/inverse-finance-seizes-tokens-ships-code-launches-stablecoin-lending-protocol

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3 reasons why Reef Finance, Bridge Mutual and Morpheus Network are rallying

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As new institutional and retail investors enter the cryptocurrency space on a daily basis, large-cap top performers like Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) attract the lion’s share of investor’s attention as they are the well-known ‘secure’ blockchain projects. 

Once these new investors get a taste of the mainstay cryptocurrencies and how to navigate the volatile markets, their attention soon turns to smaller cap coins as they search for the up-and-coming projects that could be the next big thing.

Currently, CoinMarketCap shows that there are 8,475 tokens and more are added daily. This makes it difficult to keep up with the latest developments and find solid projects with real-world potential.

With that in mind, here are some interesting projects that have been gaining strength over the past few weeks. 

MRPH/USDT

Morpheus Network (MRPH) is a blockchain platform focused on logistics and supply chain optimization through the use of its SaaS middleware platform which is integrated with emerging technologies.

Supply chain managers are able to use the platform to create a digital representation of their network as information collected is transformed into actionable data, with all steps in the supply chain being notarized on the Morpheus blockchain.

MRPH was trading at a price of $0.412 on Jan.15 before an influx of trading activity lifted the token more than 920% to a high of $4.44 on Feb.8.

MRPH/USDT 4-hour chart. Source: TradingView

The rapid rise in price was due in part to the fresh attention the project received from several well-known YouTube influencers and recent verifiable MRPH partnerships, such as China’s Qingdao Maple Leaf International Trading Co. and the possibility of a partnership with Coca-Cola in Latin America.

Speculations aside, the Morpheus platform currently has more than 100 integrations with industry-leading service providers including DHL, FedEx, SWIFT, Oracle, and Salesforce. With significant real-world partnerships and the attention of cryptocurrency influencers, MRPH has strong fundamentals and is likely to gain more attention from investors.

BMI/USDT

Bridge Mutual (BMI) is a more recent arrival to the decentralized insurance space but it has quickly garnered the attention of investors.

The insurance platform offers coverage for stablecoins, centralized exchanges and smart contracts. It also allows users to provide insurance coverage, determine insurance payouts, and recie compensated for taking part in the ecosystem.

BMI’s initial decentralized exchange offering (IDO) was conducted on Jan. 30 with a token price of $0.125 and it was first listed on Uniswap for $1.03. Since listing, BMI has rallied by 540% to a high of $5.46 on Feb. 3. Currently, BMI trades at $3.24 following the downturn in the market that began on Feb. 21.

BMI/USD 1-hour chart. Source: CoinGecko

Decentralized insurance has thus far been dominated by Nexus Mutual (NXM), but BMI’s arrival offers a fresh challenger to a field with growing demand due to the risky nature of investing in DeFi platforms.

REEF/USDT

Reef (REEF) is a Polkadot-based DeFi platform that aims to offer cross-chain trading powered by a yield engine and smart liquidity aggregator that enables automation of the exchange process.

One issue Reef developers hope to provide a solution for is high gas fees on the Ethereum blockchain that are currently making DeFi unusable for many community participants. The team also hopes to help connect liquidity pools from separate networks, avoiding the need for multiple accounts which can be difficult to keep track of.

REEF/USDT 4-hour chart. Source: TradingView

Work on the project began in the second half of 2020 with the completion of its IDO on Sep.30. Following its listing on Binance and Uniswap in late December of 2020, REEF price bottomed out at $0.0067 on Jan.13 and has since increased more than 750% to a high of $0.054 on Feb.11.

DeFi remains one of the hottest growth areas in the cryptocurrency sector and Reef is well-positioned to capitalize on its continued growth. As the Polkadot ecosystem grows its user base and provides solutions that provide relief from high Ethereum transaction costs, cross-chain functionality projects like Reef stand ready to benefit as decentralized finance goes mainstream.

Source: https://cointelegraph.com/news/3-reasons-why-reef-finance-bridge-mutual-and-morpheus-network-are-rallying

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