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Crypto Lending Explained 2021

Republished by Plato

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Out of $7 bn locked in the whole DeFi niche, crypto lending dApps account for a half of this amount. To put this in perspective, DEXes aggregate only $2 billion. So, what are crypto lending platforms and how can you use them?

What is traditional lending?

Lending in traditional markets is a fundamental concept originated many years ago together with a definition of debt, but in crypto everything has just begun. Summer 2020 saw an influx of daily active users on top of such projects as MakerDAO, Compound and Aave – the platforms enabling their clients to lend and borrow a diverse range of cryptocurrencies.

Let’s take a deeper look at how these platforms work, but before we do so, here is how the concept of lending functions in traditional markets. 

A lender is a financial institution that makes funds available to you, a borrower, with the expectation that you will repay the funds with an interest or fees after some time. While borrowing from a bank, you will be assessed based on your credit history and a pledged collateral.

Collateral may take the form of real estate or other kinds of assets that the lender will accept as security for a loan. Once you default on your loan payments, the lender can seize your collateral to recoup some or all of the losses.

What is crypto lending?

Why was the concept of traditional lending important to explain? Because it’s almost the same with the crypto markets, except… it’s not quite the same! 

First of all, all of crypto lending services are based on blockchain, mostly on the Ethereum blockchain, although not necessary, which means no traditional banks or custodians.

In addition to that, market players manipulate with quite different assets and have to know where and how to purchase them. 

And last but not least, the volatility in the crypto market is huge, so be prepared for your loans to be generally more than 100% collateralized.

This is what an ecosystem of the crypto-lending niche looks like:

Crypto lenders are not banks, they might be centralized entities, such as Genesis Capital, Unchained Capital, BlockFi, OTC desks or exchanges that use margin lending and trading, or decentralized ones. 

The latter are protocols that rely on smart contracts to automate the distribution of loans and interest payments. These are the ones we will be talking about in this article: Maker, Compound and ETHLend.

Crypto borrowers normally wish to trade and can pledge collateral in the form of cash or crypto

Crypto lending platforms, interestingly, play the role of a middleman or a matchmaker in this game. 

Although there are centralized crypto lending services, we’re going to talk about these platforms in DeFi since it’s a hot topic these days.

Top crypto lending platforms in DeFi

According to DappRadar, top three crypto lending platforms in DeFi, as of writing, are Aave, MakerDAO and Compound. 

There are many more crypto lending services out there, of course, which you can see for yourself if you go to DappRadar. But for educational purposes, it will be enough to get familiar with at least top three of them in terms of total value locked.

Aave ($1,54 bn of total value locked)

As their website states, Aave (from the Finnish word for “ghost”) is an open-source and non-custodial protocol enabling decentralized lending and borrowing. Lenders provide liquidity to the market, to earn a passive income, while borrowers are able to borrow in an overcollateralized or undercollateralized fashion.

Lenders earn on ERC20-compliant aTokens at a 1:1 ratio to supplied assets. Meaning, while lending 36 Dai, they receive 36 aTokens (36 aDai).

Interest rates adjust algorithmically based on supply and demand, but Aave lets borrowers opt in to and out of (at any time) a stable rate that changes less often. From borrowers, a 0.00001% of the loan amount is collected on loan origination and 0.09% from Flash Loans, a developers oriented feature that allows to borrow any available amount of assets without collateral. 

Compound ($621,2 mln of total value locked)

Compound is an algorithmic money-market protocol on Ethereum that allows you to borrow or lend funds and earn interest for providing liquidity. Rates adjust automatically based on supply and demand.

Just like in the Aave case, supplied asset balances are represented by ERC20-minted tokens, but on top of Compound, they’re called cTokens. Now, imagine you’ve accelerated a certain amount of cTokens on your account after lending funds, now you can borrow up to 50-75% of their cTokens’ value, depending on the quality of the underlying asset

The Compound protocol sets aside 10% of interest paid as reserves; the rest goes to suppliers. 

C.R.E.A.M. Finance ($250.6 mln of total value locked)

C.R.E.A.M. Finance stands for Crypto Rules Everything Around Me. It is a peer-to-peer lending platform focused on providing lending, exchange, payment, and asset tokenization services.

The main feature of this platform is bringing liquidity to the underserved assets, such as stablecoins (USDT, USDC, BUSD, yCRV, etc), governance tokens (COMP, BAL, YFI, LEND, CRV, CREAM, MTA, SUSHI) and others such as ETH, LINK, and renBTC. 

Since 1st September 2020, CREAM has made the switch from Ethereum to Binance Smart Chain (BSC).

Yield farmers who create and deposit assets into liquidity pools on Cream Swap’s platform receive Cream Pool Tokens (CRPT). 

Summary

Summer 2020 saw an influx of daily active users on top of such projects as MakerDAO, Compound and Aave – the platforms enabling their clients to lend and borrow a diverse range of cryptocurrencies. 

Out of $7 bn locked in the whole DeFi niche, crypto lending platforms account for a half of this amount. 

Crypto lending services are based on blockchain, mostly on the Ethereum blockchain, although not necessary, which means no traditional banks or custodians.

DeFi crypto lending platforms have experienced a hype this summer attracting around $10 billion into their smart contracts. 

Based on these numbers we might conclude that migration of banking to blockchain seems like a natural next step for the whole crypto niche and will only evolve. 

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Blockchain

Bitcoin At $100,000: Estimating The Chance Of Six Figure BTC In 2021

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Bitcoin price (BTC) reached a new all-time high this week, soaring to almost $65,000 on Wednesday the 14th of April. With Bitcoin’s price now in “blue sky territory” and its market cap sitting comfortably around the $1.17 trillion level, the big question is – just how high will the current bull market push the BTC price this year?

Rounding Up The Most Famous Bitcoin Price Predictions

Here are some of the most famous individuals and institutions in crypto that have gone on record with bullish Bitcoin price calls:

JP Morgan

In March, analysts at major US investment bank, JPMorgan, were reported to be eyeing a Bitcoin price of $130,000 – although no timeframe was provided for their prediction. JPM’s CEO, Jamie Dimon, was vocal in his criticism of Bitcoin in the past. However, the firm’s increasing involvement in crypto projects reflects the growing integration of cryptocurrency within the traditional financial sector.

Related Reading | The Bearish Bitcoin Chart Bulls Definitely Don’t Want To See

MicroStrategy

MicroStrategy’s CEO, Michael Saylor, is renowned for converting his firm’s cash reserves to Bitcoin and encouraging other corporate leaders to follow suit. At last count, MicroStrategy held over 90,000 BTC, worth approximately $5.5 billion at the time of writing. Unsurprisingly, Saylor is extremely bullish on the BTC price, saying in a March interview that he “can see Bitcoin going to a million… [or] five million.”

Pantera Capital

Pantera Capital, launched in mid-2013 as the original American crypto investment fund, has projected a Bitcoin price of $115,000 before September of 2021. Pantera’s call is based on the Stock to Flow (S2F) model of Bitcoin’s price, which has thus far shown a high degree of predictive power. Given the time-specificity of Pantera’s call as well as their transparency regarding its rational basis, we would consider this the most considered prediction.

bitcoin btcusd

Daily Bitcoin chart showing the bull run since late 2020 until present | Source: BTCUSD on TradingView.com

A Rally-Supportive Economic Environment

Predictions alone, no matter who makes them, aren’t enough to elevate Bitcoin to a six-digit price level. What’s needed are enthusiastic buyers and hodlers, whether they be individual investors or large institutions.

As to the latter, we’ve already alluded to MicroStrategy’s crypto corporate coffers. Perhaps following Saylor’s advice as presented to thousands of corporate representative, Time Magazine recently announced their own acquisition of Bitcoin.

Furthermore, with financial titans like BlackRock and MasterCard recently announcing their involvement in Bitcoin, there can be no doubt of the institutional appetite for » Read more

” href=”https://www.newsbtc.com/dictionary/satoshi/” data-wpel-link=”internal”>Satoshi’s invention.

stock to flow

The stock-to-flow model projects much higher prices for BTC | Source: Digitalik.net

Perhaps the most compelling reason driving investors, big and small alike, into Bitcoin is the expectation – and indeed the observation – of high inflation. With central banks around the world printing billions if not trillions of fresh fiat units as a response to COVID 19, the scene has been set for declining fiat value and rising costs for goods and services.

Related Reading | Coinbase COIN Debuts To A Bloody Bitcoin, But Bullish Structure Remains

With high inflation everywhere except government statistics – steel prices up 3x on the year, for example – it’s no wonder that demand for hard, deflationary money has never been higher.

Featured image from Deposit Photos, Charts from TradingView.com

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://www.newsbtc.com/news/bitcoin/bitcoin-price-predictions-100000/

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Coinbase’s $86bn Valuation Has Been Grossly Exaggerated by Misleading Media

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Coinbase shares closed at $327 on their Nasdaq debut, giving the crypto exchange an initial market cap of $86bn on a fully diluted basis.

Fully diluted refers to the total number of common shares outstanding and available to trade on the open market after all possible sources of conversion. But some feel this measure gives an inaccurate valuation as it includes options and restricted stock, therefore overstating the number of shares used in the valuation.

In the buildup to the IPO, some analysts expected Coinbase to achieve a $100bn valuation. While its closing valuation wasn’t a million miles away, it was still less than expected.

Coinbase Listing is a Watershed Moment For The Cryptocurrency Industry

Coinbase is the first major crypto company to test the U.S. public market. Its IPO was hailed as a turning point in cryptocurrency going mainstream. Analyst Dan Ives wrote:

“Coinbase is a foundational piece of the crypto ecosystem and is a barometer for the growing mainstream adoption of bitcoin and crypto for the coming years in our opinion.”

» Read more

” href=”https://www.newsbtc.com/dictionary/coin/” data-wpel-link=”internal”>COIN opened at $381 on the Nasdaq Global Select Market. Early on, buyers pushed the price as high as $429, but bears soon took over to dip the price as the day wore on. It ended the session at $327.

Source: COINUSD on TradingView.com

The firm had released some impressive figures before its public debut. It showed a spike in revenue and a doubling of its monthly active users from the previous quarter.

But market research firm New Constructs had already sounded the alarm on a severe overvaluation at $100bn. They believe a valuation this high takes no account of a future squeeze on its transaction margins.

the company has little-to-no-chance of meeting the future profit expectations that are baked into its ridiculously high expected valuation of $100 billion.”

The Actual Valuation Should be $65mn

While Coinbase’s fully diluted valuation came in at $86bn, pretty much in the middle of pre-debut expectations of between $60bn – $100bn, CIO at Arca Jeff Dorman said this figure is grossly overstated.

Dorman slammed the media for “misinformation” and “horrible reporting,” saying they were using the wrong share count. Based on 198mn class A and B shares, Coinbase’s closing valuation should be $64.7mn.

That math is wrong — There are 198mm class A and class B shares o/s, not 261mm. If we use fully diluted share count, then every stock on the planet has infinite shares due to no restrictions on how much stock a company can issue.

On the matter of ever reaching a $100bn valuation, researcher Larry Cermak expects this to happen as long as the bull market continues.

Direct listings almost always trade down in the next few days because of the high float that’s being dumped. As long as the bull market continues, it will eventually recover and go $100B+ IMO. Low volume today is somewhat surprising though.”

At this point, it’s unclear whether an overstated Coinbase market cap is a help or hindrance to crypto. While an overstated valuation is likely to drum up interest, the spin side sees additional pressure on Coinbase to live up to the hype.

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://www.newsbtc.com/news/coinbases-86bn-valuation-has-been-grossly-exaggerated-by-misleading-media/

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ETH bonanza as three North American Ethereum ETFs approved in one day

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While gaining exposure might still be difficult south of the US-Canada border, Canadian investors will shortly have a host of options to choose from to gain exposure to Ethereum (ETH) via an ETF as regulators have approved three different Ethereum ETFs in a single day. 

Purpose Investments, Evolve ETFs, and CI Global Asset Management were all approved by Canadian regulators to launch Ethereum-backed ETFs today. The ETFs will be the first ETH ETFs in North America, and among the first in the world. 

Some observers noted that all three being approved at once may have been part an effort not to give Purpose an “unfair advantage”. Purpose appeared to gain an edge after the launch of the wildly popular Purpose Investments ETF, the first North American Bitcoin ETF which quickly swelled to $1.3 billion in AUM while competitors waited for approval. Rival Evolve Fund Group’s Bitcoin ETF only managed to attract $100 million in AUM, despite launching only two days later than Purpose and offering 25% less management fees.

In a Tweet, a reporter for Bloomberg said that the CL Galaxy and the Purpose ETF funds will begin trading on 4/20 — a date he thought would please Elon Musk, given it’s marajuana culture connection. Likewise, Evolve’s ETH ETF — which they first filed for in March — will begin trading on the same day.

The Canadian stock market has already demonstrated a significant appetite for exposure to crypto assets. Previous exchange-traded Ethereum products led to market halts on the first day of listing, and Purpose’s Bitcoin ETF cracked $100 million in its first day of trading

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://cointelegraph.com/news/eth-bonanza-as-three-north-american-ethereum-etfs-approved-in-one-day

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