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Behind the Reels: The Algorithm in Casino Games

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NullTX Casino Games

In life, there is a pattern for everything. In casino games, there is an algorithm for everything. Pure luck is not the only thing between you and that jackpot win. It’s numbers, formulas, and systems coded behind those spinning reels. 

The concept of casino games may seem simple. You pick a slot machine of your taste, maybe a classic fruit-themed slot. You place a bet, then click a button and watch the reels spin. If the odds are in your favour and symbols on the reels match on a payline, you win. There is, however, a whole system that comes in action once you press that button to spin.

Casino Games before the Computer

The classic slot machine before the creation of computers and electronic innovations depended solely on gears and levers. At the pull of the slot handle, different mechanical pieces start to work. Notched discs connected to the reels were pushed by kickers and eventually halted by stoppers inside the machine. After pulling the handle, players will see reels stop one at a time. There was always an element of surprise because players would have to wait and see if the following symbols matched the one on the first reel.

Qries

From Pulling Levers to Pressing Buttons

As technology started to take over and replace physical machinery inside these casino games, so did the process of determining payouts. Pulling levers were no longer necessary as engines started replaced gears, and starting a game became as easy as pressing a button.

Modern slot machines operate on a completely different principle from their mechanic predecessors. Wins do not depend on where notches end up stopping the reels. They depend on codes, numbers, and mathematical algorithms. In a way, the electronic takeover ensured foolproof gameplay. Computers calculating the outcome of a slot ensures that every person and spin has an equal shot at hitting a jackpot.

The Random Number Generator (RNG)

The RNG is a program that operates based on an algorithm. As a part of a casino slot machine, it generates random numbers between 1 and up to several billion for hundreds of times a second. Right after you press the button for a casino game, the RNG will record a bunch of numbers to determine where the reels will stop.

To understand the process of RNGs easier, let’s say you’re playing with a 3-reel slot machine. You place your bet and press a button to spin the reels. The RNG will think of three numbers. The first number will determine where the first reel will land, the second number will determine where the second will land, and so on.

Since the RNG can come up with numbers as low as 1 to as high as several billion, it divides each of the three numbers with a fixed value. These fixed values for slot machines are usually 32, 64, 128, 256 or 512. The remainder of the generated number and the fixed value can determine where the reel stops.

RNG: A Deterministic Flare

The RNG is an algorithm programmed in casino games designed to generate countless sequences of numbers and symbols that can’t be predicted. Contrary to its name, random number generators aren’t really ‘random’. Algorithms are fixed systems. This means that it isn’t possible for them to be truly random in nature. The outcomes of the RNGs are deterministic. The results of where the reels will land are not infinite. This does not mean RNGs can easily be predicted or cheated.

A fixed sequence of numbers already exist in the algorithm, but it is constantly being changed and upgraded by developers. The ‘seed’ or the fixed sequence of numbers are mixed in with hidden, ever-changing inputs. These altered seeds make the outcomes of the press of a button almost impossible to recreate.

Fairness, Validity, and Fate

Even though the nature of the RNG is not random because it is an algorithm, the results are still unpredictable. The point of a good casino game is its randomness. You’ll never know if you’ll get the same win or the same combination on the next spin. You’ll never know whether you’ll win the huge jackpot twice in a row.

Regulated and licensed casinos make sure the RNGs encoded in slots are fair and evaluated. Sometimes, third parties are hired to test RNGs. All formulas and algorithms set for the RNG need to ensure that all outcomes are unbiased.

Thanks to mixing and shifting thousands of sequences and seed numbers, the outcome of a casino game are extremely difficult to track in a pattern. Because of its complexity, the results are still random and uncertain. There will always be exciting for players because the chance of winning is out of anyone’s control and still in the hands of fate.

Source: https://nulltx.com/behind-the-reels-the-algorithm-in-casino-games/

Blockchain

XDC Technical Analysis: May Soon Fall Below the First Fibonacci Pivot Support Level of $0.058

XDC Technical Analysis: May Soon Fall Below the First Fibonacci Pivot Support Level of $0.058

Rate this post XinFin Network is an enterprise-level hybrid blockchain network that aims to provide further impetus to global trade and finance. It is powered by smart contracts and has characteristics of both public and private blockchains. It is a decentralized, interoperable, and PoS-based network. XDC is the in-house token of this ecosystem. Let us look at the technical analysis of XDC. Past Performance On Jun 15, 2021, XDC opened at $0.05. On Jun 21, 2021, XDC closed at $0.06. Thus, in the past week, the XDC price has decreased by roughly 20%. In the last 24 hours, XDC has traded between $0.058 – $0.072. https://platoblockchain.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/xdc-technical-analysis-may-soon-fall-below-the-first-fibonacci-pivot-support-level-of-0-058.png Day-Ahead and Tomorrow Currently, XDC is trading at $0.061. The price hasn’t changed much from the day’s opening price of $0.06. Thus, the market seems neutral. The MACD and signal lines are positive.  Thus, the overall market momentum is bullish. However, a bearish crossover by the MACD line over the signal line has occurred. Hence, we can expect a price pullback. Currently, the RSI indicator is at 63%. It faced rejection at 58% and rose to the current level. Hence, buying pressures are high. High buying activity will push the price upwards. Besides, the OBV indicator is upward sloping. Thus, buying volumes are much higher than selling volumes. In other words, the OBV indicator is giving further credence to the positive momentum indicated by the RSI oscillator. In short, when we look at all three oscillators together, we can say that the overall market momentum is currently bullish. However, an intermittent price pullback amidst a bearish trend is expected. In other words, the market seems to be in a correction phase. XDC Technical Analysis Currently, the price is below the Fibonacci pivot point of $0.063. It may soon fall below the first Fibonacci pivot support level of $0.058. Thereafter, we have to wait and watch if the price continues to decline or starts rising again. The price has tested and fallen below the 76.4% FIB retracement level of $0.061. The price may soon fall below the 24-hour low of $0.058 as well. If the price retests and breaks out of these levels by day end, then probably the price uptrend is strong enough to sustain till tomorrow.

The post XDC Technical Analysis: May Soon Fall Below the First Fibonacci Pivot Support Level of $0.058 appeared first on Cryptoknowmics-Crypto News and Media Platform.

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Rate this post

XinFin Network is an enterprise-level hybrid blockchain network that aims to provide further impetus to global trade and finance. It is powered by smart contracts and has characteristics of both public and private blockchains. It is a decentralized, interoperable, and PoS-based network. XDC is the in-house token of this ecosystem. Let us look at the technical analysis of XDC.

Past Performance

On Jun 15, 2021, XDC opened at $0.05. On Jun 21, 2021, XDC closed at $0.06. Thus, in the past week, the XDC price has decreased by roughly 20%. In the last 24 hours, XDC has traded between $0.058 – $0.072.

https://platoblockchain.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/xdc-technical-analysis-may-soon-fall-below-the-first-fibonacci-pivot-support-level-of-0-058.png

https://platoblockchain.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/xdc-technical-analysis-may-soon-fall-below-the-first-fibonacci-pivot-support-level-of-0-058.png

Day-Ahead and Tomorrow

Currently, XDC is trading at $0.061. The price hasn’t changed much from the day’s opening price of $0.06. Thus, the market seems neutral.

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The MACD and signal lines are positive.  Thus, the overall market momentum is bullish. However, a bearish crossover by the MACD line over the signal line has occurred. Hence, we can expect a price pullback.

Currently, the RSI indicator is at 63%. It faced rejection at 58% and rose to the current level. Hence, buying pressures are high. High buying activity will push the price upwards.

Besides, the OBV indicator is upward sloping. Thus, buying volumes are much higher than selling volumes. In other words, the OBV indicator is giving further credence to the positive momentum indicated by the RSI oscillator.

In short, when we look at all three oscillators together, we can say that the overall market momentum is currently bullish. However, an intermittent price pullback amidst a bearish trend is expected. In other words, the market seems to be in a correction phase.

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XDC Technical Analysis

Currently, the price is below the Fibonacci pivot point of $0.063. It may soon fall below the first Fibonacci pivot support level of $0.058. Thereafter, we have to wait and watch if the price continues to decline or starts rising again.

The price has tested and fallen below the 76.4% FIB retracement level of $0.061. The price may soon fall below the 24-hour low of $0.058 as well. If the price retests and breaks out of these levels by day end, then probably the price uptrend is strong enough to sustain till tomorrow.

#XDC #XinFin

Source: https://www.cryptoknowmics.com/news/xdc-technical-analysis-may-soon-fall-below-the-first-fibonacci-pivot-support-level-of-0058/

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Blockchain

Is it really ‘dangerous to give predictions on’ this Ethereum high?

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Ethereum, the second-largest public cryptocurrency based on market capitalization, has shown remarkable growth over the past year. The largest altcoin has witnessed institutional as well retail interest especially considering the buzz around its much-anticipated upgrade. Pete Humiston, the current manager of Kraken Intelligence laid out a significant difference between Bitcoin and Ethereum, stating:

  • The number of ETH whales (wallets > 10K ETH): At an all-time HIGH
  • The number of Bitcoin whales (wallets >1k BTC): Approaching a year-to-date LOW

Source: Pete Humiston| Twitter

In a recent interview with New York Magazine, Bitcoin bull Mike Novogratz shared his optimistic thoughts on the altcoin as well. Founder and CEO of Galaxy Digital, Novogratz predicted a meteoric urge that can surpass ETH’s previous ATH.

In April, ETH recorded an ATH price mark of around $4,362. According to Novogratz, it can cross the previous mark because of the following factors,

“We already had payments and stable coins that really kind of gave Ether the kick last year. But then all of a sudden, you have decentralized finance (DeFi) and NFTs (non-fungible tokens) both on Ethereum at the same time roughly, with wild accelerating growth.”

Further, he added:

“You know, it’s dangerous to give predictions on the highs. But could it get to $5,000? Of course, it could.”

Novogratz currently has invested around 85% of his net worth in the crypto industry. Ethereum, at the press time, was trading just under the $2100 price mark with a correction of 8.2% in the past 24 hours.

Another analyst presented his take on the Ethereum vs Bitcoin debate:

Adoption

Apart from Bitcoin’s institutional adoption, El Salvador became the very first country to make Bitcoin a legal tender. Following this news, other Central and South American countries have started to look at incorporating Bitcoin.

On the other side, Ethereum has had no such luck (at least not yet). However, with the anticipated tech upgrade, one might see ETH’s adoption rates increasing.


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Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://ambcrypto.com/is-it-really-dangerous-to-give-predictions-on-this-ethereum-high

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Blockchain

Tradefeedr Launches FX Data Platform with Dozens of Participants

The company is determined to expand its network further.

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London-based Tradefeedr announced on Tuesday that it has launched an FX data and analytics platform with a wide network of both buy-side and sell-side firms.

The press release shared with Finance Magnates detailed that the fintech has onboarded more than 15 sell-side and more than 20 buy-side market participants. Earlier, the Tradefeedr revealed that some of the participants on its network are Goldman Sachs, UBS, XTX Markets and Insight Asset Management, stressing that all of them are global leading institutions.

Additionally, the company is in talks with 20 other market participants who are willing to join the FX network.

Commenting on the prospect, Tradefeedr Chairman, Seth Johnson said: “We are delighted by the overwhelmingly positive response from major FX participants who have now joined the Tradefeedr community. This demonstrates that there is a real need in foreign exchange to trade using correct and standardized data, allowing faster and more accurate flows.” 

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Growing Demand for Data 

Founded in 2018, the platform enables clients to improve trade execution by analyzing their FX trading data from participating liquidity providers and ECNs via a standardized API. It was founded by Balraj Bassi and Alexei Jiltsov and received a $3 million investment at the end of 2020 from the privately-owned holding company, IPGL.

“Since our inception, Tradefeedr’s vision has been to deliver superior data transfer across the global FX trading community,” Bassi said. “We are excited to now roll out the platform amongst our leading liquidity providers and consumers who will be able to submit and receive their trading data amongst each other and with ECNs & trading venues over a single API.”

Jiltsov added: “FX trading data and analytics are currently siloed between venues and the sell and buy-side. Users rely upon incomplete, inaccurate data, and before Tradefeedr, there has not been any method to work together with trading flows based on a common set of data. The significant adoption we have witnessed is a testament to the support for our vision and business model focused on transforming the FX marketplace for the benefit of all participants.”

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://www.financemagnates.com/institutional-forex/tradefeedr-launches-fx-data-platform-with-dozens-of-participants/

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