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Apa Itu Polkadot? Crypto Baru yang Jadi Primadona Trader

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Apa itu Polkadot


Apa itu Polkadot – Di era digital seperti saat ini, cryptocurrency dan blockchain merupakan dua hal yang tidak bisa dipisahkan satu sama lain. Salah satu jenis produk dari mata uang kripto yang potensial dan memiliki tingkat keuntungan besar di masa yang akan datang, yaitu polkadot atau DOT. Sebagaimana halnya Cardano (ADA), polkadot (DOT) adalah bagian dari cryptocurrency dan telah mengalami perkembangan begitu pesat, per tahun 2020.

Bagi kamu yang ingin terjun untuk melakukan investasi di bidang kripto, setidaknya harus menyiapkan modal yang cukup besar.

Polkadot bisa menjadi alternatif bagi kamu yang ingin melakukan investasi pada salah satu mata uang kripto. Polkadot bisa menjadi pilihan karena harga yang ditawarkan relatif terjangkau dan memiliki nilai yang sangat bagus di masa depan.

Sebelum memulai investasi pada mata uang kripto, polkadot, ada baiknya kamu simak penjelasan di dalam artikel ini dengan baik.

Hal tersebut bertujuan agar kamu bisa mendapatkan gambaran mengenai investasi pada mata uang jenis kripto. Sehingga, tidak terjadi atau meminimalisir hal-hal yang tidak diinginkan.

Apa Itu Polkadot (DOT)?

Apa itu Polkadot? Polkadot (DOT) adalah jenis kripto coin dengan basis blockhain yang bisa menghubungkan beberapa jaringan dengan bantuan sistem parachain, bridges, dan main-chain, sehingga polkadot bisa memproses setidaknya 1.000 transaksi untuk setiap detiknya.

Polkadot adalah protokol multichain sharding open-source yang memfasilitasi transfer lintas rantai dari data atau jenis aset apa pun, bukan hanya token, sehingga membuat berbagai blockchain dapat dioperasikan satu sama lain.

Polkadot merupakan jenis protokol multichain sharding open-source yang mampu memberikan kemudahan pada transfer lintas rantai dari data dan atau berbagai jenis aset lainnya.

Di dalam polkadot, kamu bisa melakukan berbagai macam transaksi. Tidak hanya dengan menggunakan token saja, tetapi bisa menggunakan blockchain agar bisa beroperasi dengan lainnya.

Komponen-komponen Polkadot (DOT)

Setidaknya ada empat macam komponen polkadot yang harus kamu ketahui, simak ke empat komponen tersebut:

1. Relay Chain

Komponen ini memiliki fungsi yang sangat vital, yaitu menciptakan sebuah konsensus dan interoperabilitas. Selain itu, relay chain juga mampu menjaga sistem keamanan di semua jenis rantai jaringan yang beragam.

2. Parachains

Salah satu komponen dalam koin polkadot lainnya, yaitu parachains atau disebut juga dengan rantai independen. Komponen ini memiliki kelebihan, yaitu mempunyai token sendiri serta mampu untuk optimalisasi pada kasus penggunaan tertentu.

3. Parathread

Sekilas, komponen ini terlihat sama dengan komponen parachains. Komponen parathread memiliki konektivitas yang fleksibel karena berbasis pada sistem model bayar yang disesuaikan dengan penggunaan ekonomis.

4. Bridges

Bridges merupakan komponen keempat yang dimiliki polkadot. Komponen ini memiliki fungsi, yaitu memungkinkan komponen parachains dan parathreads untuk bisa terhubung dan berinteraksi dengan ethereum yang merupakan bagian eksternal dari blockchain.

Keunikan Polkadot Dibandingkan Crypto Lainnya

Setiap koin kripto memiliki keunikan masing-masing, pun demikian halnya dengan cryptocurrency polkadot. Polkadot merupakan sebuah kripto koin yang berasal dari jaringan multichain sharded, yang berarti mata uang ini mampu melakukan banyak proses trasaksi yang terjadi pada beberapa rantai yang dilakukan secara paralel.

Dalam hal ini, blockchain dibuat secara khusus dan memiliki tingkat efektivitas dan efisiensi sehingga mudah untuk dilakukan pengembangan melalui kerangka kerja subtract. Sehingga, blockchain dapat terhubung ke jaringan polkadot hanya dalam waktu hitungan menit.

Jaringan tersebut memiliki tata kelola sistem dengan berdasar pada basis pengguna yang efektif untuk melalukan pengamanan. Komunitas bisa melakukan penyesuaian pada tata kelola blockchain di kripto koin polkadot yang disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan maupun kondisi.

Validator, collators, dan nominator memiliki fungsi, yaitu sebagai pengaman dan menjaga kualitas jaringan pada polkadot.

Jumlah Token Polkadot (DOT) yang Tersedia

Di awal Agustus 2020, setidaknya slot token Polkadot (DOT) yang tersedia mencapai 1 miliar token. Hal itu mengikuti redenominasi jaringan yang berasal dari suplai atau pasokan maksimal di awal bulan berjalan pada tahun tersebut.

Redenominasi tersebut dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk meminimalisir penggunaan desimal kecil dan menciptakan perhitungan agar terlihat lebih efisien dan mudah.  Di sisi lain, semua saldo akan mengalami penambahan yang siginifikan tanpa mempengaruhi sistem pembagian pada DOT atau bagian proporsional pada para pemegang.

Secara keseluruhan, perubahan tersebut berdampak pada unit paling kecil dari Polkadot, yaitu Planck. Jumlah planck yang dimiliki pengguna bersifat konstan (tidak berubah). Setiap pengguna yang memiliki 1 miliar planck masih mempunyai jumlah planck yang sama, tetapi masih memiliki 100 DOT yang berada di bawah denominasi baru. Hal tersebut nampak  berbeda dari denominasi lama yang berjumlah satu DOT.

Mengenal Sistem Keamaan Jaringan Polkadot

Interoperabilitas massal yang terdapat pada kripto koin polkadot dibuat dari rangkaian validator umum yang berguna sebagai pengaman pada beberapa blockchain serta memungkinkan para pengguna untuk melakukan transaksi dengan melakukan penyebaran data di parachains.

Jaringan tersebut menggunakan metode NPoS atau nominated proof of stake untuk melakukan seleksi pada validator dan nominator serta mengoptimalkan keamaanan rantai.

Skema validitas yang unik tersebut membuat rantai bisa melakukan interaksi dengan yang lain secara aman.

Tempat Melakukan Pembelian Polkadot (DOT)

Saat ini, Binance, HBTC, OKEx, Huobi Global, dan Binance KR menjadi yang teratas untuk alat perdagangan pada mata uang kripto Polkadot (DOT). Kamu bisa mendapatkan mata uang kripto tersebut pada situs coin marketplace.

Kamu juga bisa melakukan pembelian dengan mata uang cryptocurrency, seperti Ethereum dan Bitcoin secara langsung melalui pembayaran yang dilakukan dengan kartu kredit dalam bentuk mata uang fiat yang menjadi pilihan.

Harga Kripto Koin Polkadot pada Marketplace

Saat ini, harga Polkadot berada di kisaran $18,56 dengan volume transaksi perdagangan selama 24 jam senilai $797.460.170. Dalam 24 jam, harga polkadot tersebut naik sekitar 3,0 %.  Saat ini, pasokan dari kripto tersebut tersedia sebanyak 1 miliar DOT koin Polkadot.

Polkadot seringkali dianggap sebagai satu set rantai yang independen, seperti Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, Bitcoin, dan Namecoin.

Setidaknya, lebih dari satu parachains yang berasal dari Polkadot akan ditampilkan dengan berbasis pada polkadot runtime Environment SDK atau Substrat Parity Technologies.

Bagaimana Sistem Kerja Polkadot?

Setiap kripto koin memiliki cara kerja yang berbeda dari lainnya, pun juga dengan tingkat keuntungan yang didapat. Melalui artikel ini, kamu akan mengetahui bagaimana sistem kerja polkadot dan keuntungannya yang berbeda dengan mata uang kripto lainnya.

Blockchain mampu terkoneksi dengan polkadot melalui sistem kerja paralel karena adanya parachain yang bisa dihilangkan maupun ditambah. Parachain tersebut terkadang berbentuk blockchain public, pribadi, maupun sumber lain.

Data yang terdapat pada jaringan tersebut, kemudian diakses dengan kode khusus (collators), nantinya kode tersebut akan dikirim kepada polkadot.

Keuntungan Polkadot

Berikut ini adalah beberapa keuntungan polkadot yang akan kami jelaskan kepada kamu. Perhatikan  penjelasan dalam artikel di bawah ini dengan benar:

1. Spesialisasi

Setiap parachain yang dimiliki polkadot mampu disesuaikan dengan sejumlah kasus pada penggunaan melalui aplikasi.

2. Upgrade Tanpa Hard Fork

Ketika kamu mulai menggunakan polkadot, tidak perlu khawatir ketika ingin melakukan pembaruan.

Keistimewaan polkadot, yaitu cryptocurrency ini bisa melakukan pembaruan dengan tanpa adanya hard fork yang terlalu banyak menghabiskan waktu. Penambahan pada fitur ini tidak harus dengan melakukan pengubahan pada jaringan.

3. Skabilitas

Di dalam polkadot setidaknya telah didukung lebih dari satu jaringan blockchain melalui mekanisme parachain dan/atau sharding. Adanya sistem tersebut membuat proses yang dijalankan lebih efisien dan terarah.

4. Interoperabilitas

Keseluruhan parachain yang terdapat pada aplikasi polkadot bisa saling memberikan informasi dan fungsionalitas karena adanya desain proyek yang bisa dioperasikan dan kompatibilitas antar jaringan.

Setelah mengetahui informasi apa itu Polkadot, apakah kamu sudah siap untuk melakukan transaksi cryptocurrency dengan Polkadot (DOT)?

(*)


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Source: https://www.kanalcoin.com/apa-itu-polkadot-adalah/

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‘Overlooked’ Part of Senate Infrastructure Bill Renews Worries From Crypto Lobby

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The $1 trillion infrastructure bill, which passed in the Senate in early August and is expected to be approved by the House, is the gift that keeps on giving.

At first, it was about roads, bridges, and clean water. Then a pay-for provision promised to give American crypto users new tax reporting requirements. And now there’s a new twist.

A report published today by the Proof of Stake Alliance (POSA), an advocacy group that counts Coinbase Custody and Solana as members, details an “overlooked” amendment to the tax code within the 2,700-page bill that will make it a felony to incorrectly report receiving cryptocurrencies, NFTs, or other digital assets.

Writing in his role as an advisor to the POSA, law professor Abraham Sutherland details how the infrastructure bill amends Section 6050I of the tax code. The amended section 6045 that caused so much consternation when it made it through the Senate changed the definition of “broker” to cover those handling cryptocurrencies. 

Industry lobbyists and cryptocurrency advocates such as the think tank Coin Center argued that the bill as written would force Bitcoin miners and validators on other networks to file 1099 forms for the people whose transactions they were processing—even though they lacked the personal information needed to do so.   

Section 6050I, on the other hand, deals with the tax reporting requirements of those who ultimately receive the cryptocurrencies. While Americans must already report their crypto gains to the IRS just as they would with other investments, Sutherland says the amended provision goes much further: They must tell the government who sent it, including reporting social security numbers, when the value of the digital assets is more than $10,000. Not doing so within 15 days constitutes a felony.

This raises at least two issues. First, as Sutherland notes, it’s just as unwieldy as the section 6045 amendment: “This provision demands the impossible because the digital assets might not be ‘received’ from a person whose personally identifiable information can be verified and reported—including cases where the digital assets are not ‘received’ from a person or entity with a tax ID number, period.”

Second, as Sutherland alludes to and as Coin Center Research Director Peter Van Valkenburgh hammered home in a blog post, it might just be unconstitutional. The tax code currently mandates that people report such information to the IRS when they receive $10,000 in cash. That passes Constitutional muster because the bank acts as a third party; otherwise, authorities would need a warrant under the Fourth Amendment. But in cryptocurrency, a peer-to-peer transaction doesn’t have a third party

Writes Van Valkenburgh: “One person to a two person transaction is obligated to collect a load of sensitive information from her counterparty and hand that to government officials without any warrant or reasonable suspicion of wrongdoing.”

Though he writes that Coin Center usually doesn’t “object to equal treatment of cash and cryptocurrencies,” in this case the “provision is a draconian surveillance rule that should have been ruled unconstitutional long ago. Extending it to cryptocurrency transactions would further erode the privacy of law-abiding Americans.”

Sutherland also calls into question the process by which the amended IRS code will become law—via a bill on completely unrelated topics. “A statute creating felony crimes for users of digital assets should be debated openly, not quietly inserted into a spending bill,” he wrote.

Source: https://decrypt.co/81236/overlooked-part-senate-infrastructure-bill-renews-worries-crypto-lobby

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Avalanche (AVAX) bumps to near $70 after reveal of $230 million fundraise

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High-speed blockchain Avalanche jumped to highs of $68.30 today after several influential crypto investors revealed the close of a private funding round involving $230 million worth of AVAX tokens in June, CryptoSlate learned in a release.

The Avalanche Foundation, a non-profit that oversees the development of the Avalanche blockchain, disclosed participants in the multimillion-dollar funding round were led by PolyChain Capital and Three Arrows Capital, and included R/Crypto Fund, Dragonfly, CMS Holdings, Collab+Currency, and Lvna Capital.

What happens to Avalanche now?

Proceeds from the private sale will be used to support the burgeoning Avalanche ecosystem—one that has been positioned as a top contender against Ethereum for its high speed and low fees. 

Part of the funds will be funneled to support DeFi (decentralized finance) projects on Avalanche as well as enterprise applications through grants, token purchases, and other forms of investments.

Avalanche’s smart contract is able to execute Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) contracts, making it possible for developers to ‘reuse’ their codebase if they have a working/testnet product on the Ethereum blockchain.

Converting assets on-chain using a ‘bridge’—a way for two separate blockchain to communicate with and transfer value between each other—are also simple as applications querying the Ethereum network can be adapted to support Avalanche by changing API endpoints and adding support for a new network. 

Meanwhile, the news caused a surge in AVAX prices last night. The token jumped 30% to over $68.30 to set a new all-time high, reaching a $14 billion marketcap and becoming the 12th-most-valuable cryptocurrency by that metric.

At press time, AVAX continues to trade above its 34-period exponential moving average, a metric used by traders that determines asset trends using historic prices. It has been been in a gradual uptrend since breaking the $15 mark in late-July, and has returned several multiples to investors in the past three months alone.

Image: AVAX/USD via TradingView.

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Source: https://cryptoslate.com/avalanche-avax-bumps-to-near-70-after-reveal-of-230-million-fundraise/

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Can NFTs impact the economic livelihood of artists in developing nations?

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TL;DR Breakdown

  • Aversano deployed the first NFT portrait photography.
  • The total sales volume of NFTs in the art segment rose from $64 million to $774 million.
  • NFTs ensure an artist is paid royalty whenever their art is used.

As of July 2021, the NFT industry had garnered an estimated $2.5 billion worth of sales compared to only $13.7 million during Q1 and Q2 of 2020. 

Aversano, an artist known for deploying the first-ever NFT portrait photography, says he sold more than 100 NFT portraits between February and June. He said the sales earned approximately $130,000 within five months. The Twin collection in which he sold the 100 portraits are photographs of twins, which he says are in memory of his fraternal twin.

What are NFTs?

NFTs are non-fungible tokens which are real-life assets that are sold on digital platforms. The viability of NFTs depends on the uniqueness and the utility of possession. This means that tokens can only be relevant to an owner if he can prove ownership of the token. The tokens can range from unique pieces of art from artists to current assets like cars. The digital platform gives an easy and availed proof of ownership.

Non-fugitive assets are made more desirable by the fact that they are unique and one of a kind. This makes them very valuable.

According to Statista, the total sales volume of NFTs in the art segment rose from $64 million to $774 million within a record period of 30-days (August 15 – September 15, 2021). The chart below shows the fluctuation of NFT sales per 30-days period between April and August. 

NFTs sales
NFT sales volume between Apr-Sept by Statista

How can NFTs make artists’ lives better?

As the digital world takes significant steps ahead, more investors try to get a niche to explore the same fruits. When Jack Dorsey sold his first tweet at $2.9m, it started a buzz on and around NFTs. Not only for the amount of money fetched but the ‘absurdity’ of buying a tweet when there are millions of them already. However, there is much more to it. It brought about the concept of owning a one-of-a-kind piece of art which for sure is an advantage to artists.

First, NFTs guarantee immutability to the artist. There is uniqueness where the artist has complete copyrights on his art. This is enabled by the ID or metadata issued to an artist to prove possession of the art. It is offered to give essential data about the piece of art. 

Second, there are no intermediaries during the trading of art on cryptocurrency platforms. Once there is an interested party, they are connected to the individual artist who lays out the asset’s guidelines to change possession. This is advantageous to the artist since transactions are done on his terms. It also keeps in place his profile and reputation as an artist. The artist also cuts the marketing cost and the issue of art brokers.

Next, there is exposure for the artist. When trading NFTs, artists are at ease to do collaborations with other artists. This is a guarantee as the platform is a haven where artists can interact and flourish while teaming up with even more significant expertise in different fields. Apart from collaborations, there is a world market availed. Geographical borders or any particular divisions do not limit the crypto platforms. Once an artist avails art on a digital platform, the piece is available for everybody.

One other factor pulling artists to NFTs is smart contracts. This is a feature that keeps a contract in code form. It works best for decentralized platforms. Smart contracts are programmed to suit an investor’s interest in trade.

For example, smart contracts can be used by artists dealing with NFTs to store data or be used to get royalties each time the piece of art changes possession. This means that the artist keeps reaping from the art long after the sale. A smart contract can be programmed to work without involving a party to set it up time and again.

On the other hand, since the buzz around NFTs began, more people are trying to get into the trade in an attempt of minting. This is leading to flooding in the market and the uniqueness of NFTs diluting. However, this is not a guarantee for the near future failure of NFTs. Artists can reap much from the NFTs.

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Source: https://api.follow.it/track-rss-story-click/v3/tHfgumto13BJ4uqGEejhiVyOSYGFl6uu

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