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Apa Itu Altcoin? Mengenal Token Alternatif Selain Bitcoin

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Apa Itu Altcoin


Secara harfiah, altcoin berasal dari dua kata, yaitu alternative dan coin. Dengan demikian, bisa dibilang altcoin adalah seluruh token atau mata uang kripto selain bitcoin. Sejak bitcoin diciptakan pada 2008, telah muncul lebih dari 5.000 altcoin yang beredar di pasaran.

Altcoin hadir bisa dibilang untuk mengatasi kekurangan yang dimiliki oleh bitcoin. Altcoin memang tidak memiliki berbagai fitur dan kelebihan yang dimiliki oleh bitcoin. Akan tetapi, altcoin juga memiliki kelebihan yang bisa jadi tidak dimiliki oleh bitcoin.

Bahkan, pada April 2020, volume perdagangan altcoin mencapai 35 persen dari kapitalisasi pasar. Sejarah pernah mencatat pada 2018 lalu, salah satu jenis altcoin, yakni Ether, bisa mencapai 30 persen dari nilai kapitalisasi pasar kripto.

Harga yang terjangkau dan basis keamanan yang lebih baik dibandingkan daripada bitcoin menjadi alasan utama para trader untuk memilih altcoin dibandingkan dengan bitcoin. Bahkan, saat ini, harga bitcoin sangat tinggi, sehingga para trader pemula biasanya akan memilih altcoin.

Lantas, apa saja jenis altcoin yang beredar di pasar mata uang kripto? Berikut sedikit penjelasan mengenai berbagai jenis altcoin dan contoh-contohnya.

1. Altcoin Berbasis Penambangan

Altcoin jenis ini memiliki kesamaan yang banyak dengan bitcoin. Untuk mendapatkan altcoin jenis ini, Anda harus melakukan proses penambangan terlebih dulu. Anda bisa mendapatkan altcoin jenis ini lewat jasa penambangan mata uang kripto.

Salah satu altcoin berbasis penambangan yang paling terkenal dan memiliki nilai kapitalisasi pasar terbesar di pasar mata uang kripto adalah Ethereum.

2. Altcoin Jenis Stablecoin

Altcoin jenis stablecoin merupakan altcoin yang bertujuan untuk mengurangi volatilitas yang ada pada bitcoin. Dengan demikian, nilai ketidakpastian pada bitcoin yang selama ini dikhawatirkan oleh banyak orang bisa diatasi dengan stablecoin.

Biasanya, stablecoin akan mengikat nilai token ke mata uang fiat yang ada, seperti dolar Amerika Serikat, Euro, atau dalam bentuk emas. Sampai saat ini, stablecoin yang paling terkenal adalah Libra Facebook.

3. Token Sekuritas

Token sekuritas bisa dibilang memiliki sistem seperti halnya saham tradisional pada perusahaan-perusahaan. Token sekuritas ini diluncurkan pada penawaran koin awal atau initial coins offering (ICO).

Token sekuritas ini digunakan untuk mengumpulkan dana sebagai modal mengembangkan teknologi blockchain tertentu. Bagi para pemilik token sekuritas akan mendapatkan manfaat berupa dividen.

4. Token Utilitas

Token utilitas biasanya juga ikut ditawarkan pada saat ICO token sekuritas oleh penerbit token tertentu. Salah satu token utilitas yang terkenal di dunia mata uang kripto adalah filecoin.

Filecoin biasanya ditawarkan kepada para investor untuk bisa ditukar dengan ruang penyimpanan file terdesentralisasi yang baru.

Selain jenis-jenis altcoin dalam garis besar di atas, ada beberapa nama altcoin yang terkenal di pasaran mata uang kripto sampai saat ini. Beberapa nama altcoin yang terkenal di pasar mata uang kripto saat ini, seperti ethereum, ripple, litecoin, dan bitcoin cash.

1. Ethereum

Ethereum bisa dibilang altcoin paling populer, jika dibandingkan dengan altcoin yang lainnya. Bahkan, nilai kapitalisasi pasar Ethereum merupakan yang paling populer kedua setelah bitcoin di pasar mata uang kripto.

Ethereum dibuat oleh Vitalik Buterin pada 2015. Buterin sendiri merupakan mantan anggota tim pengembangan bitcoin asal Rusia. Ethereum yang diciptakan tersebut diharapkan bisa digunakan untuk mengodifikasi, mendesentralisasi, mengamankan, dan memperjualbelikan apa saja.

Ethereum dijalankan pada token kriptografi spesifik platform dengan ‘bahan bakar’ berupa token bernama Ether. Smart Contracts pada Ethereum juga bisa menjadi penjamin keamanan dalam transaksi menggunakan Ethereum. Selain itu, Ethereum memiliki kesamaan dengan bitcoin dalam hal penambangan.

2. Ripple

Ripple merupakan sebuah platform dengan tokennya yang bernama XRP. Ripple diciptakan bukan untuk penggunaan pribadi, layaknya bitcoin. Akan tetapi, Ripple diciptakan lebih untuk jaringan pembayaran digital dalam transaksi keuangan.

Ripple didirikan oleh Chris Larsen dan Jed McCaleb pada 2012 lalu. Dengan demikian, pengguna Ripple biasanya lebih banyak didominasi oleh perusahaan-perusahaan tertentu yang bergerak di bidang transaksi keuangan.

3. Litecoin

Litecoin adalah altcoin yang dibangun berdasarkan pada bitcoin. Litecoin dibuat oleh seorang mantan insinyur di Google bernama Charles Lee. Altcoin yang satu ini dirancang dengan tujuan untuk menjadi bitcoin versi terbaru bagi para trader.

Salah satu keunggulan yang dimiliki litecoin dibandingkan dengan bitcoin adalah blok baru pada litecoin dibuat jauh lebih cepat dibandingkan dengan bitcoin. Pada bitcoin, blok baru dibuat dalam waktu 10 menit.

Akan tetapi, ukuran blok litecoin lebih besar daripada bitcoin. Sehingga, blok yang tidak terpilih pada litecoin akan lebih mudah muncul. Litecoin memang bisa dibilang duplikasi dari bitcoin karena hanya memiliki jumlah terbatas layaknya bitcoin.

4. Bitcoin Cash

Bitcoin cash bisa dibilang merupakan ekstrak dari token bitcoin itu sendiri. Bitcoin cash dihasilkan dari hard-forked dari rantai utama bitcoin. Hard fork sendiri merupakan proses perubahan validasi aturan lama pada blok-blok yang dihasilkan dengan validasi aturan baru.

Bitcoin cash pertama kali diluncurkan pada Agustus 2017 lalu. Bitcoin cash atau biasa disebut dengan BCH dinilai memiliki transaksi lebih cepat dan fleksibel dibandingkan dengan bitcoin.

Akan tetapi, kemurahan harga yang dimiliki bitcoin cash bisa menjadi pemicu lemahnya keamanan dari altcoin yang satu ini. Kendati demikian, bitcoin cash tetap memiliki banyak peminat dan dukungan dari pasar mata uang kripto dengan volume perdagangan yang lumayan.

Sebenarnya, masih ada ribuan altcoin yang ada di pasar mata uang kripto. Akan tetapi, beberapa altcoin yang paling terkenal setelah bitcoin adalah empat altcoin di atas. Anda bisa memilih sesuai dengan kemampuan dan analisis keuangan yang sudah Anda lakukan.

(*)


Source: https://www.kanalcoin.com/apa-itu-altcoin/

Blockchain

ETH Developers Calculated How To Defuse The Difficulty Bomb

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ETH developers calculated how to defuse the difficulty bomb because if they leave it untreated, they will slow down the network as we can see more in our Ethereum news today.

Ethereum’s encoded difficulty bomb is set to explode this summer and James Hancock as well as Tim beiko said that the ETH developers calculated the time needed to delay the bomb and this could the last time the developers need to take that action. Ethereum developers agreed on Friday how to delay the difficulty bomb ad if that is left untreated, the entire network could be slowed down. The difficulty bomb is an old piece of code that makes mining on ETH slower and less profitable over time by increasing the lag between the production of blocks.

Ethereum 2.0 switches the network from proof of work as a way of validating transactions with powerful mining computers to Proo of Stake which rewards the ones that pledge the coins to the network. It takes an average of 13 seconds to mine a block on ETH right now and without delaying the bomb, it could take more than 20 seconds to validate the block by the end of the year. Ethereum developers agreed on how many blocks were quite necessary to delay the bomb until December. The calculation for the delay was proposed by the ETH core developers James Hancock as he said:

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“The bomb’s always there, and we defuse it by turning the blocktime back just for the bomb.”

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The block time chart on Etherscan. Annotated by James Hancock for Decrypt.

He later said that the proposal will delay the bomb by 9,700,000 blocks. Tim Beiko, the ETH core developer also said that the developers dismissed a proposal to delay the bomb next spring but that won’t be necessary. The developers expected that by December, the network will update to allow the ETH 1.0 the network that relies on PoW to communicate with ETH 2.0 as the new network relies on PoS and this is known as the Merge:

“If the Merge is ready by December, we won’t need to do anything about the bomb because we will move away from mining entirely.”

If the merge plans remain unimplemented, the Shanghai fork is expected to go live and will delay the bomb once again. The Bomb has been delayed three times so far.

DC Forecasts is a leader in many crypto news categories, striving for the highest journalistic standards and abiding by a strict set of editorial policies. If you are interested to offer your expertise or contribute to our news website, feel free to contact us at [email protected]

Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa
Source: https://www.dcforecasts.com/ethereum-news/eth-developers-calculated-how-to-defuse-the-difficulty-bomb/

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Bitcoin Price Analysis: BTC Breaks Long Term Trend As Tesla Ditches It

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Bitcoin has broken out of a long 3 month range of $10,000. After Elon Musk announced Tesla will no longer be accepting BTC due to environmental reasons, BTC broke its major support of $55,000 and quickly fell over 15%. BTC is now is now in scary waters. 

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While looking at the chart, BTC has broken a long term trend that has been held for nearly 6 months. This is not a good sign as there is much FUD spreading about Bitcoins environmental impact. BTC must hold major support range of $46,500-$48,000 or we can experience a large fall to $40,000. As of now, the 150MA has held the price of BTC as it touched this moving average for the first time in 6 months. 

Bitcoin Price Analysis: BTC/USDT 1 Day Chart

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If BTC can break above $48,000 and hold, there will be a decent revival to $51,400. In the case that BTC holds this resistance, next up is $54,400. BTC has grown over 1000% in a year. With this being said, there is a good chance more downside might occur before BTC resumes a bullish uptrend.

While looking at the Stochastic RSI, we can see that strength has reset to oversold levels. If the strength can bound above 30, expect a revival to minimum $51,400. The regular RSI also confirms a small bullish upswing as it has printed a bullish divergence. This occurs when price makes a Lowe low but RSI makes a higher low. 

BTC intraday levels 

  • Spot rate: $48,100
  • Trend: Bearish
  • Volatility: High
  • Support: $46,400
  • Resistance: $48,000

To keep track of Crypto updates in real time, Follow us on Twitter & Telegram.

Disclaimer
The presented content may include the personal opinion of the author and is subject to market condition. Do your market research before investing in cryptocurrencies. The author or the publication does not hold any responsibility for your personal financial loss.
About Author
Domenic Fiore has a love for the financial markets. He decided to skip the college route to pursue entrepreneurship. He saw the vision to become an entrepreneur and wanted to achieve success from a young age. Domenic owned & operated a car detailing business since the age of 16, along with being a part of two CBD businesses through 2018 & 2019. He started his investment and trading career early trading in 2017 when he bought a newly released cryptocurrency alt-coin and saw 10x return in a few months. He then realized there was much potential and dove head first into learning everything he could. He became very passionate about technical analysis and knew it was his route to financial freedom. Over the last 4 years, Domenic has shared his analysis with many groups and received amazing feedback. Shortly after he wanted to help assist in the pursuit of spreading and helping others achieve success in the trading industry.

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Source: https://coingape.com/btc-breaks-long-term-trend-as-tesla-ditches-it/

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Blockchain

Standard Custody takes new route to ‘qualified custodian’ status

It’s the first digital asset firm to receive approval on a de novo application for a New York trust license.

The post Standard Custody takes new route to ‘qualified custodian’ status appeared first on The Block.

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Standard Custody received its license to operate as a New York state-chartered trust on May 4, and it’s already making a play to gate-crash the institutional custody space.

Just days after its licensing, the firm announced the close of a $53 million Series B round for its parent firm, PolySign.

Cowen Digital Asset Investment Company led the round with a $25 million strategic investment. The two will also partner, with PolySign providing digital asset custody solutions for Cowen clients through its newly licensed trust arm, Standard Custody. Blockchain.com and Race Capital also participated in the round.

Through Standard Custody, PolySign is looking to fill a gap in the custody space. While many crypto firms are attempting to build all-in-one services, with exchange, brokerage and custody housed under the same roof,  CEO Jack McDonald says Standard Custody plans to differentiate itself by focusing solely on custody-based services for institutions.

Though Standard Custody plans to expand its range of services, McDonald says it will stop short of being an exchange unlike others in the custody space.

“We think that ultimately the institutions that are wading into the space, more and more of the traditional institutional asset managers, are going to want to see a segregation of duties there between exchange activity and custody activity,” he said.

That could mean hedge funds, family offices, endowments and exchanges could make up its client base going forward, but not retail-facing activities. Others serving the retail market have expressed interest in Standard Custody’s services, mostly due to its recent licensure. It’s the first to get approval for a de novo trust application in New York, and that’s positioning it to emerge as a favorable partner for a variety of clients, according to McDonald. 

To build out custody and escrow services, Standard Custody needed to be a qualified custodian. There’s more than one way to gain the distinction, but some fit better than others. To be a qualified custodian, firms can either become a registered broker-dealer with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), a futures commodities merchant regulated by the Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) or you can be a federally or state-licensed trust bank.

For firms mainly looking to custody, it makes the most sense to become a trust but it’s recently become unclear how far a trust license extends outside state borders. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is currently seeking comment on how it should view state-licensed qualified custodians in the wake of a letter from Wyoming’s regulators. On the national level, Congress is still debating how much power the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) should have to designate digital asset firms as national trusts and therefore qualified custodians.

Still, a New York trust license from the New York Start Department of Financial Service is the gold standard of state licenses. It’s the highest barrier of the state licensure frameworks, and also has more reciprocity than other states, meaning some other states recognize the New York trust charter and don’t require an additional license. Standard Custody is the first to receive a de novo approval, meaning it’s operating a new business as opposed to converting a previous entity like Gemini and Coinbase. That’s made it more attractive to businesses looking to set up shop in the U.S. without going through onerous regulatory frameworks.

“We do have a lot of interest in our technology from some of the more retail-oriented strategics out there and specifically wanting to tap our capabilities to business in New York and more broadly in the U.S.,” said McDonald.

© 2021 The Block Crypto, Inc. All Rights Reserved. This article is provided for informational purposes only. It is not offered or intended to be used as legal, tax, investment, financial, or other advice.

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Source: https://www.theblockcrypto.com/post/104979/standard-custody-qualified-custodian-raise-bank-charter?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss

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