Originally published in November 2014
Here at BitcoinsInIreland, we have been playing with our mining rig over the past week . We’ve been generating coins on several pools for the last week, ahead of us expanding our effort to review all of the public bitcoin mining pools. Unlike many of you, the purpose of our hashing is to generate information for the reviews and also as an alternative considering how much GPU mining damaged our laptop – not running full pelt, 24/7 trying to generate profitable bitcoins. I wanted to see if there was a way to get a bit more functionality than the stock Antminer S1 gives you. I was aware load balancing to allow you to split the mining power between different pools, but as there are a lot of pools out there these days, having only three pools in the web interface for the miner seemed a bit annoying, as I’d have to copy and paste, a lot.
So I did a little research and came across this post where someone had gotten five pools configured, and I set myself the challenge to see if I could get the Antminer S1 to display 9 sets of pool information, and then see if the hardware would concurrently mine 9 pools. I’m aware this is splitting 180ghs into lots of small chunks, but it was more for the craic to see if it could be done. And a major benefit is that I can have lots of pools saved, so I can just change the balancing as and when I choose. So in this step-by-step guide, I thought I’d look at how you can add as many extra mining pools as you want to the Antminer S1 miner configuration screen.
Before we start, you need to go into System | Backup / Flash Firmware, and create a backup of your firmware configuration. When I did this the first time, I broke the miner configuration page, and was able to roll back the edits and get it working again by restoring this backup. You do not need to overclock your device for this, but if you want to concurrently mine several pools, you do need to enable load balancing, which is outlined here.
You will also need a SSH client such as PuTTY, and also it’s probably handy to have a look through the vi editor commands cheatsheet. The main things are commands can be pasted by right clicking in putty, and for the vi editor, lowercase “i” enables editing mode, “esc” will bring you back to the command line, “:q!” will let you quit without making changes, and “:wq” will save and quit once finished editing.
A step-by-step guide to adding extra pools to the Antminer S1 Miner Configuration Screen
This is your stock 3 pool Miner Configuration Screen
Step 1: Open putty, put in the IP address of your antminer and connect. If it’s the first time you are connecting to it, it’ll prompt you about the SSL certificate, and click yes. Enter your username and password (root for both by default) to log in.
Step 2: We need to open one of the cgminer configuration files, so you need to enter the command
Step 3: Press i to enter into edit mode, and use the direction keys to move around the screen
Move to the end of the line local_pool3pw and press enter twice to put in two lines between it and local_cf
Paste in the following by right clicking, removing those which aren’t necessary for you.
Step 4: Scroll down the screen to the section in the following screenshot
Move to the end of the line config_get _pool3pw default pool3pw and press enter twice, adding some space between it and config_get _cf default chip_frequency
Paste in the following by right clicking, removing those which aren’t necessary for you.
config_get _pool4url default pool4url
config_get _pool4user default pool4user
config_get _pool4pw default pool4pw
config_get _pool5url default pool5url
config_get _pool5user default pool5user
config_get _pool5pw default pool5pw
config_get _pool6url default pool6url
config_get _pool6user default pool6user
config_get _pool6pw default pool6pw
config_get _pool7url default pool7url
config_get _pool7user default pool7user
config_get _pool7pw default pool7pw
config_get _pool8url default pool8url
config_get _pool8user default pool8user
config_get _pool8pw default pool8pw
config_get _pool9url default pool9url
config_get _pool9user default pool9user
config_get _pool9pw default pool9pw
Step 5: Scroll further down the screen to the section in the screenshot below
Move to the line saying fi below the pool3 details. Press enter twice to make some lines between it and #TO=$(( 12690 /$_cs ))
Paste in the following by right clicking, removing those which aren’t necessary for you, but I’ll do the full 9 in this.
if [ “$_pool4url” != “” -a “$_pool4user” != “” -a “$_pool4pw” != “” ]; then
POOL4=”-U $_pool4url -O $_pool4user:$_pool4pw”
if [ “$_pool5url” != “” -a “$_pool5user” != “” -a “$_pool5pw” != “” ]; then
POOL5=”-U $_pool5url -O $_pool5user:$_pool5pw”
if [ “$_pool6url” != “” -a “$_pool6user” != “” -a “$_pool6pw” != “” ]; then
POOL6=”-U $_pool6url -O $_pool6user:$_pool6pw”
if [ “$_pool7url” != “” -a “$_pool7user” != “” -a “$_pool7pw” != “” ]; then
POOL7=”-U $_pool7url -O $_pool7user:$_pool7pw”
if [ “$_pool8url” != “” -a “$_pool8user” != “” -a “$_pool8pw” != “” ]; then
POOL8=”-U $_pool8url -O $_pool8user:$_pool8pw”
if [ “$_pool9url” != “” -a “$_pool9user” != “” -a “$_pool9pw” != “” ]; then
POOL9=”-U $_pool9url -O $_pool9user:$_pool9pw”
Step 6: The last edit to this file is to the bottom line in the last image above, beginning with PARAMS (but not #PARAMS)
This will look like
PARAMS=”$AOPTIONS $POOL1 $POOL2 $POOL3 $_pb $custom_option –api-listen –api-network”
We need to add the extra pools here, between $POOL3 and $_pb.
With nine pools, it should be updated to
PARAMS=”$AOPTIONS $POOL1 $POOL2 $POOL3 $POOL4 $POOL5 $POOL6 $POOL7 $POOL8 $POOL9 $_pb $custom_option –api-listen –api-network”
Step 7: Hit ESC to exit editing mode, and then type :wq to save and close the file. Cgminer is now updated to store all of the pool credentials.
Step 8: The next step is to edit one more file, which will let you enter pool information in the web interface.
Enter the following command
This will bring you into the following screen
Press i to enter editing mode, and scroll to the end of the line pool3pw = conf:options(Value, “pool3pw, translate(“Pool3 password”)) and press enter twice to put in some lines betwen it and the line beginning –pb = conf:option(ListValue)
Paste in the following information by right clicking and removing any pools you don’t need.
pool4url = conf:option(Value, “pool4url”, translate(“Pool 4”))
pool4user = conf:option(Value, “pool4user”, translate(“Pool4 worker”))
pool4pw = conf:option(Value, “pool4pw”, translate(“Pool4 password”))
pool5url = conf:option(Value, “pool5url”, translate(“Pool 5”))
pool5user = conf:option(Value, “pool5user”, translate(“Pool5 worker”))
pool5pw = conf:option(Value, “pool5pw”, translate(“Pool5 password”))
pool6url = conf:option(Value, “pool6url”, translate(“Pool 6”))
pool6user = conf:option(Value, “pool6user”, translate(“Pool6 worker”))
pool6pw = conf:option(Value, “pool6pw”, translate(“Pool6 password”))
pool7url = conf:option(Value, “pool7url”, translate(“Pool 7”))
pool7user = conf:option(Value, “pool7user”, translate(“Pool7 worker”))
pool7pw = conf:option(Value, “pool7pw”, translate(“Pool7 password”))
pool8url = conf:option(Value, “pool8url”, translate(“Pool 8”))
pool8user = conf:option(Value, “pool8user”, translate(“Pool8 worker”))
pool8pw = conf:option(Value, “pool8pw”, translate(“Pool8 password”))
pool9url = conf:option(Value, “pool9url”, translate(“Pool 9”))
pool9user = conf:option(Value, “pool9user”, translate(“Pool9 worker”))
pool9pw = conf:option(Value, “pool9pw”, translate(“Pool9 password”))
Step 9: Press ESC to go back to the command prompt, and type :wq to save and quit.
Step 10: Go back to your miner configuration screen, and voila, you should see the screen now letting you input lots of extra pools. Have fun mining!
China aims to let foreigners use digital yuan at Winter Olympics in 2022
China’s central bank is looking to enable foreign athletes and visitors to use the country’s digital currency during the Beijing Winter Olympics in 2022, according to a top central bank official.
Li Bo, deputy governor of the People’s Bank of China, said that the upcoming Winter Olympics could potentially become the first test of China’s central bank digital currency, or CBDC, by foreign users.
“For the upcoming Beijing Winter Olympics, we were trying to make e-CNY available not only to domestic users, but also to international athletes and like visitors,” Li said Sunday at a CNBC panel at the Boao Forum for Asia. The bank previously announced its plans on testing the digital yuan at the event in August 2020.
The official said that the PBoC doesn’t intend to replace the United States dollar’s dominance as the world’s reserve currency. Li reportedly noted that the central bank is focused on the domestic use of the digital yuan.
“For the internationalization of renminbi, we have said many times that it’s a natural process and our goal is not to replace the U.S. dollar or any other international currency. I think our goal is to allow the market to choose and to facilitate international trade and investment,” he stated.
Despite the PBoC’s focus on the domestic digital yuan, China’s central bank is still exploring cross-border CBDC use. “At the same time, working with our international partners. Hopefully, in the long term, we have a cross border solution as well,” Li said. At the forum, Li also said that China’s central bank now views the major cryptocurrency Bitcoin (BTC) as an “investment alternative.”
After launching its first domestic digital yuan tests in 2020, China started cross-border CBDC pilots in collaboration with central banks in Hong Kong, Thailand and the United Arab Emirates in February 2021. On April 1, PBoC director of research bureau Wang Xin announced that China’s central bank completed the first cross-border pilots of the digital yuan with the Hong Kong Monetary Authority.
Chinese authorities have stressed multiple times that the government is not seeking to replace existing fiat currencies including the U.S. dollar with the digital yuan. “We are not like Libra and we don’t have an ambition to replace existing currencies,” Zhou Xiaochuan, the president of the Chinese Finance Association and former PBoC governor, said in late 2020.
As previously reported by Cointelegraph, the U.S. has taken a careful approach toward CBDCs due to the U.S. dollar’s status of the world’s reserve currency and other CBDC-related challenges like privacy. The European Central Bank is also still deciding whether Europe needs a digital euro, with ECB President Christine Lagarde expecting the digital currency to be adopted in four years, at the earliest.
UK government establishes central bank digital currency task force
Her Majesty’s Treasury and the Bank of England have begun preliminary central bank digital currency studies that could result in the creation of a national digital currency.
In a document published by HM Treasury, the exchequer announced the creation of a CBDC taskforce in collaboration with the U.K.’s central bank.
Jon Cunliffe, deputy governor of the Bank of England and Katharine Braddick, director general of financial services at HM Treasury will co-chair the task force.
According to the terms of reference document, the task force will synergize the efforts of all relevant statutory bodies in the U.K. regarding CBDC development.
As part of its duties, the task force will explore preliminary issues associated with the design, implementation, and operation of a CBDC in the U.K. The task force will also interface with stakeholders across academia, fintech and other relevant industries to identify the technological hurdles involved in creating a sovereign digital currency.
The joint HM Treasury and BoE task force will also monitor CBDC-related developments on the international scene especially as other nations are actively exploring their own central bank digital currency projects.
According to a BoE press release issued on Monday, the central bank will also run its own internal CBDC unit headed by Jon Cunliffe.
The establishment of the task force is yet another indication of the U.K. government’s focus on digital currencies and fintech in the aftermath of Brexit. In November 2020, Rishi Sunak, chancellor of the Exchequer said that Brexit offered an opportunity for the U.K. to revamp its financial services sector.
Since Brexit, Sunak has overseen a significant policy shift towards harnessing novel fintech innovations like CBDC and stablecoins. As previously reported by Cointelegraph, U.K. financial services minister John Glen has identified stablecoin regulations as the major focus of the government in the area of cryptocurrency regulations.
According to a report by Reuters, the U.K.’s financial market focus is also extending towards distributed ledger technology firms. Speaking during a financial industry conference on Monday, Sunak announced that the government plans to establish a fintech sandbox for blockchain startups.
China ‘endorses’ BTC investment: 5 things to watch in Bitcoin this week
Bitcoin (BTC) is beginning a new week grinding back to $60,000 as the shock of a weekend price crash settles.
After dropping to as low as $52,000 in a snap sell-off event, Bitcoin has spent the past two days slowly recovering its losses. What’s next?
Cointelegraph presents five factors to consider as a new trading week gets underway and cryptocurrency holders across the board nurse their wounds.
Stocks primed for “up only” short term
The macro picture is fairly stable in Asia and Europe, with United States markets yet to open.
A mixed picture greeted investors at the open, but volatility has been broadly absent, with only oil showing signs of more pronounced weakness.
As such, little impact on Bitcoin is to be expected from equities moves, these forecast to continue building on record highs in the coming weeks.
Russel Chesler, head of investments and capital markets at the Australian branch of crypto-friendly investment manager VanEck, captured the mood in a note quoted by Bloomberg.
“Our current view is that with short-term interest rates set to remain low for the medium term and our expectation that earnings will continue to increase, it is unlikely that the increase in long-term interest rates will trigger an equity market fall,” he wrote.
Coronavirus concerns still linger despite stocks’ relentless surge higher, with more reported official cases last week than ever before worldwide.
Economic responses continue to vary, with a patchwork of openings and closings characterizing countries’ latest attempts to control the outbreak.
Bitcoin recovers from $52,000 crash
In Bitcoin circles, the main talking point naturally remains the weekend’s events, which saw a sudden cascade of selling send BTC/USD down by $7,000 in a matter of minutes.
Bouncing at just above $52,000, the crash echoed several similar events this year, and Bitcoin managed to regain around 50% of its lost ground within hours.
Responses, however, are split between those who consider the volatility “business as usual” and more conservative voices calling time on the latest bull run.
As Cointelegraph reported, suspicions are focusing on a Chinese power blackout hitting hash rate, as well as rumored legal action by U.S. regulators against unnamed financial institutions related to money laundering.
In his own breakdown of what happened, popular statistician Willy Woo highlighted both China and skittish moves by futures investors as contributing to the losses.
“We just saw the single largest 1-day drop in mining hash rate since Nov 2017. The hash rate on the network essentially halved, causing mayhem in BTC price as it crashed,” he told Twitter followers.
In a sign that the future could see fresh sustained upside, Woo reiterated the “reset” in an on-chain metric, the spent transaction output ratio (SOPR), showing that long-term investors will likely soon stop selling altogether.
“The on-chain SOPR metric near a full reset. A classic buy the dip signal,” he added.
“In simple terms, profit taking by longer term investors is completing, very little sell power left unless investors want to sell at a loss from their entry price. Unlikely in a bull market.”
Fundamentals point higher
It’s not just SOPR — a whole range of Bitcoin network indicators and fundamentals are buoying bulls’ cause, even as BTC/USD remains below even February’s high of $58,300.
For Woo and others, particularly important are the transfer of funds to investors who have traditionally hodled, not sold — another classic trait of Bitcoin’s rise in recent months.
“Serious strong-handed holders are buying this dip. In the last 24 hours, over 200,000 Bitcoin became illiquid, a 3-year record,” fellow analyst William Clemente added Sunday.
“This illiquid supply increase is not only just dip buyers with no history of selling, but partially accumulation from 5-6 months ago of which those wallets have just crossed the ‘illiquid’ threshold for this metric.”
Lastly, around 13.5% of the total available Bitcoin supply has been active above $53,000, something which Woo says is confirming its status as a trillion-dollar asset. At around $53,800, Bitcoin’s market cap becomes a solid $1 trillion.
“This dip happened while unprecedented numbers of new users are arriving onto the network per day. There’s been a retail influx in the last 2-3 weeks,” Woo additionally noted, with total wallet numbers nearing 10 million.
Difficulty takes care of miner woes
A closer look at hash rate, which at one point dipped by almost half, shows that a recovery in line with price is underway.
According to rough estimates from on-chain monitoring resource Blockchain, Bitcoin network hash rate is already back above 150 exahashes per second (EH/s), having broken through the 200 EH/s barrier for the first time in history last week.
Miners leaving the network due to power problems leads to Bitcoin’s network difficulty decreasing to incentivize more to come online.
Further confirmation that the weekend’s issue was firmly temporary comes from difficulty forecasts — in two weeks’ time, when it next adjusts, difficulty will only drop by around 4%, a modest move which could yet be cancelled out altogether as miners return.
This balance between hash rate and difficulty is arguably the most important aspect of Bitcoin, one which allows it to govern itself and preserve security and functionality regardless of sudden events impacting network participants.
Chinese central bank praises Bitcoin and stablecoins
In another unanticipated event which is arguably yet to be fully appreciated by the market, China has given an unprecedented stamp of approval to cryptocurrency as an “investment alternative.”
Speaking at a conference organized by CNBC, Li Bo, deputy governor of China’s central bank, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC), broke ranks to validate both Bitcoin and stablecoins.
“We regard Bitcoin and stablecoin as crypto assets… These are investment alternatives,” he said.
The comments are surprising as despite being a center for Bitcoin mining activity, China has had a blanket ban in place on trading and transacting in cryptocurrencies since September 2017.
“Every country that bans Bitcoin eventually reverses that ban. You simply cannot be competitive in the 21st century economy without it,” Charles Edwards, founder of investment firm Capriole, responded.
“China is playing 4D chess. The last 3 days have made very clear they still dominate global mining. Slowly, slowly then all at once.”
The market barely reacted to this high-level affirmation of Bitcoin’s long-term potential. At the time of writing, Bitcoin is still hovering at $57,000, as yet failing to see an attack of familiar resistance levels.
Crypto has arrived.
CoinSmart Appoints Joe Tosti as Chief Compliance Officer
Dogecoin (DOGE) and Maker (MKR) soar as the altcoin market cap tops $1T
European Hedge Fund Brevan Howard to Invest $84 Million In Cryptocurrencies
$600 Million in BNB Gone: Binance Completes the 15th Token Burn
TA: Ethereum Corrects Rally, But 100 SMA Could Spark Fresh Increase
Turkey to ban cryptocurrency payments
SWFT Blockchain (SWFTC) is now available on Binance Smart Chain and Huobi ECO Chain
Brian Brooks defends fintech charter to House Financial Services Committee
Cathie Woods’ Ark buys a further $110M worth of Coinbase shares
SafeEarth Donates $100,000 to TheOceanCleanUp Kicking Off Blockchain Eco Project
Cardano Founder Spills The Beans on “Fakeness” of Silicon Valley
Our Man in Shanghai: Coinbase listing scorned, graphics cards seized, nostalgia coins rule
Shift toward full decentralization pushes Maker (MKR) price above $4K
Nhash – Profitable Pool Mining Made Easy
Cathie Wood’s Ark Funds Now Hold Over One Million Coinbase Shares
Fundamentals go Out The Window, $1 Dogecoin incoming?
Dogecoin doubles in a day as YTD gains hit 5,000% while Bitcoin price dips
Turkey to Ban Cryptocurrency Usage as Payment Instruments From April 30
Chainlink releases new whitepaper — and it could be a game-changer for smart contracts
Blockchain1 week ago
How NFTs, DeFi and Web 3.0 are intertwined
Blockchain1 week ago
Altcoin Season 2021 Booming as BTC Dominance Hits 2-Year Low: The Weekly Crypto Recap
Blockchain1 week ago
11% Of Business In Spain Use Blockchain Technology, Report
Blockchain1 week ago
Has the rally ended for altcoins like LINK, ADA, and NPXS?
Blockchain1 week ago
XRP Price Analysis: 10 April
Blockchain6 days ago
NYSE celebrates historic ‘first trades’ with NFT series
Blockchain7 days ago
By The Numbers: The Rate Bitcoin Must Climb To Reach $100K By July
Blockchain7 days ago
Bitcoin’s time has come: TIME magazine to hold BTC on balance sheet