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A detailed history of blockchain: From the Establishment to Broad Adoption

Republished by Plato



A detailed history of blockchain From the Establishment to Broad Adoption

Blockchain has gotten an ample amount of appreciation in the most recent couple of years, with the potential to come across as an extraordinary power to transform businesses. Blockchain technology is a computerized record of an action that is copied and conveyed across the whole organization of the blockchain platform through computer networks. Sounds confusing, isn’t it? Truth to be told, Blockchain is much easier to understand than the above description.

For understanding the concept, it is feasible to look back at its historical background and learn about its origin to significant turns of events and innovations. Bits of knowledge into the background of Blockchain will assist us with addressing these queries like the exact meaning of the term,  working environment, problems it can solve, and where it can be implemented. All these insights will help us to place the right expectations for its future.

Table of content

  • What exactly is Blockchain?
  • When did the Blockchain first appear?
  • Who is behind blockchain technology?
  • How is Blockchain created?
  • Identifying a suitable Use-case
  • Selection of Suitable Consensus protocol
  • selection of a suitable platform
  • Node designing
  • Designing the Blockchain parameter configuration
  • APIs
  • Building admin and user Interfaces
  • Adding smart technology
  • Closing Thoughts.

What exactly is Blockchain?

A blockchain is a disseminated network that comprises computer systems associated with the Internet, which all together keep the account of transactions. In the Blockchain, one record is dispersed and protected across the system. Each computer in the group approves the exchanges. However, nobody has power over the network, not like various clients functioning in a centralized network. 

A blockchain incorporates a sequence of blocks, which are information units used to store value-based data of the organization. To add a block into a blockchain, these steps ought to occur:

  • When an exchange is performed, then it should be confirmed by a group of computer networks. The exchange should be compiled in a block; after getting approval from the network group. The digital signature of the sender and the receiver and the dollar’s value has to be stored in a block. 
  • A block should be given a hash to separate it from different blocks. This block additionally contains data of the hash of the newest added block into a blockchain. When hashed, this block can be put into the Blockchain.
  • After the inclusion of a new block in the Blockchain, the complete information of this exchange will be public, and any user in the network can explore this exchange data, for example, who sent it? Who received it? Who added this exchange to the block? When did the exchange occur? And so on. The information is apparent and auditable yet not editable.

A block is only digital data. A “chain” is characterized as a common information base. In this way, when we say Blockchain – we intend to discuss the digital data which is kept in a public data set.

When did Blockchain first appear? 

The very first appearance of Blockchain was seen in 2008. It was introduced by an individual named ‘Satoshi Nakamoto.’ Nakamoto improved the blockchain structure effectively, utilizing a Hashcash-like strategy to keep records of time and date of added blocks without expecting them to be endorsed by a central party and embedding boundaries to balance out the rate at which blocks were to be added to the chain. Next year, this blockchain structure was recognized as a central part of the cryptocurrency bitcoin, where it acts as the public record for all exchanges carried on the network. 

In August of 2014, the size of stored records of all exchanges that have happened on the bitcoin blockchain network filled up to 20 GB. In January 2015, the size had reached nearly 30 GB. This size expanded from 50 GB to 100 GB between January 2016 to 2017. While reaching halfway to 2020, this record size exceeded 200 GiB.

Who is behind Blockchain technology?

It is essential to learn about the historical background of Blockchain for Blockchain supporters and Blockchain prospects. Thus, to help readers to comprehend the Blockchain advancement, let us learn the  history of this technology:

1991-2008: Creation Period of  Blockchain Technology

Blockchain emerged in 1991  when W. Scott Stornetta and Stuart Haber deliberated what the world has come to know as a “Blockchain.” Their early work included shaping a cryptographically secured blockchain where nobody could alter timestamps of records. 

In 1992, they updated their technique to consolidate Merkle trees that improved proficiency hence providing the assortment of more reports on a solitary block. Nonetheless, in 2008, the term “Blockchain” began to acquire importance when Satoshi Nakamoto ingrained his idea of Blockchain in the blockchain space. 

Satoshi Nakamoto is credited as the master of blockchain innovation. There is not much knowledge about Nakamoto as individuals speculate he could be a single person or a group that molded Bitcoin, the primary application of digital roster technology.

How is a Blockchain created?

Here are steps that are needed to create a blockchain:

Step 1: Identifying a suitable Use-case

There are three use-cases where blockchains do very well:

  • Data Authentication and Verification: It focuses on encryption, inflexible storage and digital signatures, creation of private and public keys, and verifying digital signatures.  
  • Smart Asset Management: This focuses on disbursement, revenue, trade, bond, and retirement. In crypto, real-world properties are represented in the form of a token, for example, land, infrastructure, gold, silver, oil.
  • Smart Contracts: This focuses on trade between dealer and buyer with smart contracts.

Step 2: Selection of Suitable Consensus Protocol

Depending on your requirements, you need to choose the right consensus protocol among:

  • Deposit based consensus
  • Proof of stake
  • Delegated Proof of Stake.
  • Derived PBFT
  • Byzantine fault-tolerant
  •  Federated Byzantine Agreement
  • Redundant Byzantine Fault Tolerance
  • Federated consensus
  • Proof of Elapsed Time
  • Simplified Byzantine Fault Tolerance
  •  Round Robin

Step 3: Selection of a Blockchain Platform

This depends on your choice of consensus protocol. Many of them are cost-free and open source. Here are some examples:

Ethereum, Hyperledger Fabric, Quorum,
HydraChain, Stellar, Hyperledger Iroha,
Open chain, Hyperledger Sawtooth Lake, and many more.

Step 4: Node designing

Blockchain systems can be designed as private/public,  permission-less as well as with permission, or even hybrid. 

Another important factor to be considered at this step is whether the nodes are running on-premise or in the cloud. Also, the selection of operating systems and tasks related to hardware configuration such as processors, and memory and disk size is to be done in this step. 

Step 5: Designing the Blockchain Parameter Configuration

Usually, blockchain platforms require a thoroughly plotted configuration for elements like permissions, atomic trades, key management, asset issuance, multiple signatures, address formats, hand-shaking, etc.

Step 6: APIs

Most platforms offer pre-built APIs, while others don’t. The issues that you’ll need APIs for are: 

  • For developing keys and addresses.
  • Conducting auditable processes.
  • Performing data verification by using hash and digital signatures.
  • For holding data and its recovery.
  • Managing smart-asset, I.e., distribution, bond, donations, business, etc.
  • Creating smart contracts.

Step 7: Building admin and user Interfaces

At this step, you’ll select the programming languages. You’ll also have to pick external databases and servers.

Step 8: Adding smart technology 

Boost the potential of your Blockchain solution with the addition of Artificial Intelligence (AI), cloud, data analytics, biometrics, machine learning, and bots.

Closing Thoughts

The Blockchain provides amazing advancements in security, decentralization, transparency, and unchangeable data. These qualities make it a perfect tool for future applications. 

It has marked its territory in many industries, and many more yet have to embed it.

Learn more about blockchain technology and take up a suitable blockchain course at Blockchain Council.

A detailed history of blockchain: From the Establishment to Broad Adoption


Coinsmart. Beste Bitcoin-Börse in Europa


Kraken Daily Market Report for June 24 2021

Republished by Plato




  • Total spot trading volume at $1.02 billion, the 30-day average is $1.49 billion.
  • Total futures notional at $332.0 million.
  • The top five traded coins were, respectively, Bitcoin (+2.9%), Tether (0%), Ethereum (+1.0%), Cardano (+8.7%), and Dogecoin (+12%).
  • Strong returns from Tron (+14%), Dogecoin (+12%), and Siacoin (+11%).

June 24, 2021 
 $1.02B traded across all markets today

#####################. Trading Volume by Asset. ##########################################

Trading Volume by Asset

The figures below break down the trading volume of the largest, mid-size, and smallest assets. Cryptos are in purple, fiats are in blue. For each asset, the chart contains the daily trading volume in USD, and the percentage of the total trading volume. The percentages for fiats and cryptos are treated separately, so that they both add up to 100%.

Figure 1: Largest trading assets: trading volume (measured in USD) and its percentage of the total trading volume (June 24 2021)

Figure 2: Mid-size trading assets: (measured in USD) (June 24 2021)

###########. Daily Returns. #################################################

Daily Returns %

Figure 3: Returns over USD and XBT. Relative volume and return size is indicated by the size of the font. (June 24 2021)

###########. Disclaimer #################################################

The values generated in this report are from public market data distributed from Kraken WebSockets api. The total volumes and returns are calculated over the reporting day using UTC time.

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Dogecoin: Investing ‘in currency with dog’ makes sense to this section?

Republished by Plato



The adage, “You work hard for your money and your money should work hard for you,” will, perhaps, never age with time. Investing is important, if not critical, to make your money work for you. Until a few years back, the masses mostly relied only on stocks and physical assets like gold and property as investments. In fact, for the older generations, the traditional array of assets is a go-to option on any given day. 

Nevertheless, with the emergence of digital assets like cryptocurrencies, market participants now have a wide range of assets to choose from. As a matter of fact, the newer assets resonate well with the newer generations. Even during market adversities, the younger generations express their enthusiasm and keep claiming that they’re “in for the tech.”

A meme that pointed out the different assets chosen by people from different generations was doing the rounds on social media lately. It, however, managed to garner traction majorly because the self-proclaimed ‘DogeFather’ reacted to its irony, thus instilling the Dogecoin v. Real estate debate.

Interestingly, in May 2020, Elon Musk took social media to announce that he was giving up most of his possessions. What’s more, he explicitly stated that he would not own any house henceforth.

Reportedly, before the aforementioned Twitter announcement, Musk owned several luxury mansions in California that had a cumulative valuation of over $100 million. Musk’s reaction to the meme makes even more sense when the above dots are connected. Well, apart from traditional asset proponents, even people close to Musk were apparently “mad” at him for taking such a call. 

Source: Motely Fool

A recent study highlighted that Gen Z and millennial investors prefer using an amalgamation of both new and old investment strategies. Cryptocurrency, however, remained the second most likely asset to be held by Gen Z investors. Well, according to the age-wise stratification, Musk falls into the Gen X category, which is typically characterized to be “conservative” with their investment choices. 

Now even though Tesla’s ‘Techno-King’ doesn’t belong to the Gen-Z or millennial category, he has evidently been fond of cryptos, especially Dogecoin over the past few months. However, the meme-coin’s value recently plunged and the community opined that even Elon would not be able to save it.

Now, since real-estate is most likely out of Musk’s equation, the odds of Musk resurrecting the meme coin and taking it on ‘moon ride’ has increased. Riding on the back of Elon’s tweets, Dogecoin has managed to record a YTD return of +4112.69%.

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Recap – 73% Axie Infinity Livestream Viewers are from the Philippines





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“Play-to-earn” game Axie Infinity held a livestream this week, hosted by Andrew Campbell, the new program lead at Sky Mavis, the game’s development company. The Axie Infinity team answered questions fielded by the community. From server issues to V2, check out the stream below.

This writer live tweeted during the livestream and it’s worth detailing here what are the information shared during the event. But first, let’s check the metrics of the stream as shared by Andrew:

The result solidifies the Philippines as a key market for Axie Infinity. Though it should be noted that the most popular streaming channel in the country is Facebook Live and YouTube.

On Axie Infinity V2

Table of Contents.

Aleksander Larsen, COO of Sky Mavis and Jeff Zirlin, co-founder, shared a new image of Axies with upgraded body shapes:

Days ago, the Axie Infinity community celebrated the birth of Axie no. 1 million, but it was not without controversy because it was created using what some members of the community feels is a violation of the Terms of Service. Jeff said they will look more closely into the situation.

As for staking, Aleksander said it could be by Q3 2021.

On the Server Issues

The game was recently plugged with issues, Andrew asked a question submitted by a community member: “Why don’t you just plug in more servers since you have money?” Aleksander says the game grew from 38k to 200k users in no time. “Our engineers are working overnight to keep the lights running. Things are to get better.” Andrew added the fact that while there are a lot of developers, the talent pool for those who knows blockchain (specifically, solidity) is actually smaller, while Jeff said the server issue is their no. 1 priority right now.

Sky Mavis tweeted the day after the stream:

On Free-to-play

“What to do with useless Axies?” a community member asked. 

“No Axies are useless,” Aleksander immediately answered.

Jeff hinted of “crafting” as a new addition that can be done on the upcoming Land gameplay. “I think it’s going to be a huge catalyst for us,” he said, though he reconfirms that Battle V2 and Land gameplay being “fun” are the first things they would focus on. 

Speaking of V2, the topic “free-to-play” was touched upon. In the next version of Axie Infinity, there will be starter Axies that are “free-to-play,” so new players can start without purchasing Axies. The community therefore asked “Will free-to-play hurt SLP earnings right now?” Here’s Jeff’s response:

“Free-to-play allows you to get immersed and be in love with the Axie universe before you make economic decisions. I think demand for real Axies will increase when more people are in love with Axies.”

Jeff Zirlin, Sky Mavis

Putting Axie to Every Person in the World

The above was Aleksander’s quote. One of Sky Mavis’ goals is to put the game in the App Store and the PlayStore.

Guild and Scholarships

Aleksander said they are working on Guild Features in-game itself. This would mean eventually doing what is being done in scholarships could be done on the game itself. (He did say this is very far from the pipeline.)

Which led Andrew to ask, “What do you personally feel about Axie scholarships?” Jeff talked about early 2020 and the people who first tried it out. “It was when SLP hit 2 cents when people see the scholarship thing as legitimate. It has definitely helped in our growth.”

Aleksander admitted they don’t have any direct say in scholarships, and they don’t endorse them. “But we have common sense things. For example, managers should not abuse their players. If you do, then that’s our concern.” He did say the scholarships are a testament to what’s possible in the metaverse and what you can do inside. He cited Yield Guild Games as one of the largest, if not the biggest one who do scholarships at scale.

On Axie Lore

Jeff talked about ideas re: Axie Lore, Axie Movie, Manga, but ultimately their focus right now is to make Axie as fun as possible. Aleksander said they can think about it next year.

On Multi Accounting

“We will find you.” 

Jeff Zirlin, Sky Mavis

Andrew said as Axie scales, this will be a problem. Aleksander said they are looking into the data to ensure no real people who are not multi-accounting get affected. 

“One human being can only extract so much resources per day. You have to tell your friends to play.”

Aleksander also said players don’t get banned when they are in-game and suddenly maintenance kicked in. 

On Land Gameplay, SDK and API

Jeff said they want to make Land gameplay as fun as possible, such as farming or fighting for resources. “We want to provide utility and fun things to do rather than a blank slate where people will just walk around,” said. 

On SDK, they said they are excited about using Axie assets where people can do an Axie tower defense and other games. 

There’s clamor to make the Axie API more open. “As we move towards a more stable space, we can enable the API a little bit more, a WIP,” Aleksander said Seuchenhun of Axie Zone (also a recent Sky Mavis hire) will own this product.

Pains as Axie Grows

Lately, there were reports of stuck Axies and other bugs. Aleksander said because the game is still in alpha, everything being experienced are the pains of growing. “As we grow more, there might be more bugs.”

At the end of the stream, Aleksander encouraged players to give feedback and constructive criticism, what they can do to improve.

This article is published on BitPinas: Recap – 73% Axie Infinity Livestream Viewers are from the Philippines

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